Art and Materiality: 2015/2016

In the past decade, a greater attention to the art object and its materiality has enhanced the study of art history, opening new avenues of investigation. Combined with more historical methodologies, the focus on the materiality of artworks is offering profound insights into their meanings. Artists across time and space have infused materials not only with ritual and symbolic significance but also social, political, and economic functions. Art historians, increasingly in collaboration with conservators and scientists, are gaining insight into the process of art making from raw material to finished object, the chaîne opératoire, as well as the strategic deployment of materials both for their aesthetic qualities and for their power to signify. The inquiry into an artwork's materiality raises questions about procurement, trade, value, and manufacturing on the one hand, and, on the other, about the materiality of mechanically reproduced objects or of ephemeral, durational, and conceptual works. Finally, as artworks move between cultures, their materials—whether feathers, shells, marble, or oil paint—are given new meanings, thereby accumulating additional interpretive layers.

Getty Scholars

Natalie Adamson is Senior Lecturer in the School of Art History at the University of St Andrews, Scotland. Her research focuses on twentieth-century art, the history of photography, and European painting after 1940.
What Counts as Painting: Pierre Soulages and the Materiality of Postwar Art in France

Anna Anguissola (Villa) is Junior Research Group Leader and Teaching Faculty Member in the Institute for Classical Archaeology at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany. She is a scholar of Greek and Roman archaeology.
Utility and 'Bravura'. Supports in Roman Marble Statues

Robert L. Brown is Professor of Indian and Southeast Asian Art History at the University of California, Los Angeles, and Curator of South and Southeast Asian Art at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. He specializes in South and Southeast Asian art.
The Material Nature of Buddhist Art

Gudrun Buehl is Curator and Museum Director of Dumbarton Oaks Museum, Washington, DC. Her research centers on Byzantine material culture.
Housing the Body—Dressing the House: Liminal Fabric. The Material World of Furnishing Textiles in Byzantium and Early Islam

Timothy J. Clark is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. His research concerns modern European art history.
Cézanne's Materialism

Susan Dackerman is Consultative Curator at the Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, Massachusetts. She is a scholar of Northern Renaissance art.
Early Modern Print Culture and the Islamic World

Élodie Dupey García is Tenure-track Researcher in Indigenous Mexican History at the Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City. She is specialized in pre-Columbian cultural history.
The Materiality of Color in Pre-Columbian Codices

Nina Ergin is Associate Professor in the Department of Archaeology and History of Art, Koç University, Istanbul, Turkey. Her research centers on Islamic art and architecture and sensory art history.
Heavenly Fragrance from Earthly Censers: Conveying the Immaterial through the Sensory Experience of Material Objects

John Gillis is Senior Conservator at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. He is a scholar of the codicology of insular manuscripts from the early medieval period.
Papyrus and Leather in the Book Cover of the Fadden More Psalter: Meaningful Connections towards a Hiberno-Oriental Materialty

Corinna Gramatke is an independent scholar based in Düsseldorf, Germany. Her research concentrates on material-technical research and written art-technological sources from Spain and Latin America of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
José Sánchez Labrador's Manuscript Paraguay natural ilustrado (1771–76). Critical and Annotated Edition of the Chapters Dealing with Art Technological Materials and Indications for the Artistic Production in the Jesuit Missions in Paracuaria during the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century

Fernando Guzmán is Associate Professor at the Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Santiago, Chile. He specializes in Spanish colonial art.
From Polychrome Wood to White Marble. Devotional Art in Santiago de Chile during the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Ingrid Laube (Villa) is Research Fellow in the Institut für Klassische Archäologie at the Universität Tübingen, Germany. Her research focuses on classical archaeology and Hellenistic and Roman Egypt.
The Cultural Semantics of Stone—Plaster and Limestone Sculpture from Greek and Roman Egypt

Barbara London is an independent scholar and curator based in New York, and Adjunct Professor in the School of Art at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. Her research concerns contemporary art.
Video Art: From Fringe to the Forefront

Amy F. Ogata is Professor of Art History at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Her research focuses on modern art, architecture and design, and the history of decorative art and design.
Metallurgy: Metal and the Making of Modern France

Kathryn M. Rudy is Senior Lecturer in the School of Art History at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland. Her research focuses on medieval manuscripts.
Touching Skin: Why Medieval Readers Rubbed and Kissed their Manuscripts

Gabriela Siracusano is Director of the Centro de Investigación en Arte, Materia y Cultura at the Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Career Scientific Researcher at the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas in Buenos Aires; and Professor of Theory and Historiography at the Universidad de Buenos Aires. Her research concerns Andean colonial artistic production and artistic materiality.
The Bowels of the Sacred

Anne Wagner is Class of 1936 Professor Emerita at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research focuses on art of the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries, particularly sculpture.
The Matter of Sculpture

Susan Whitfield is Director of the International Dunhuang Project at the British Library, London, United Kingdom. She specializes in Central Asian art and history.
Trade in the Tarim? The Evidence from the Material Culture of Buddhism

Bert Winther-Tamaki (Consortium Professor) is Professor of the Art History Department at the University of California, Irvine. His research focuses on modern and contemporary Japanese art and design.
Wood, Ink, Clay, Stone: Bringing Natural Materials to Life for Modern Japan

William Thomas Wootton (Villa) is Lecturer in Roman Art in the Classics Department at King's College London. His research concerns classical art and archaeology.
'Apelles faciebat aut Polyclitus': Unfinish in Classical Art

Predoctoral Fellows

Gregory Charles Bryda is a PhD candidate in the Department of the History of Art at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
The Spiritual Wood of Late Gothic Germany

Shawon K. Kinew is a PhD candidate in the Department of History of Art and Architecture at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The Vision in Stone: Melchiorre Cafà in the World, 1636–1667

Veronica Peselmann is a PhD candidate in the Department of Art History at Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.
Why Painting? The Materiality of Ground and Support and its Impact on the Conception of Painting in the Nineteenth Century

Paris A. Spies-Gans is a PhD candidate in the Department of History at Princeton University, New Jersey.
(Im)Material Imitation: Women Artists' Alternative Means to Artistic Success

Postdoctoral Fellows

Noémie Etienne received her doctorate in the Department of Art History from the University of Geneva, Switzerland, and University of Paris 1 Sorbonne, France.
A Material Art History? Paintings Restoration and the Writing of Art History

Visa Immonen is Adjunct Professor in the Department of Archaeology at the University of Turku, Finland.
The Art and Science of Sacred Materiality—Late Medieval Relics and Reliquaries in Europe as Art Historical Objects

Niko Vicario received his doctorate in the Department of History, Theory, and Criticism of Architecture and Art at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge.
The Raw Materials of Latin American Art

Guest Scholars

Hannah Baader is Academic Program Director of the Research Program Art Histories and Aesthetic Practices and Senior Research Scholar at the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz, Max-Planck-Institut, Italy. She is a scholar of portraiture and maritime iconology of the early modern era, as well as the study of transcultural art history before modernity.
Aesthetics and Materiality of Water, Fifteenth to Nineteenth Century

Nikolas Bakirtzis is Assistant Professor and Director of the Doctoral Program in Digital Cultural Heritage at the Cyprus Institute, Nicosia, Cyprus. His research focuses on the architectural heritage, the material culture, and the cultural landscapes of the early Christian, medieval, and early modern Eastern Mediterranean.
Constructing Texture in the Art and Architecture of the Medieval Eastern Mediterranean

Reinhold Baumstark is Honorary Professor of the Institut für Kunstgeschichte at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany. He specializes in Northern European painting.
Corpus Rubenianum Ludwig Burchard, Decius Mus-Series

Gottfried Boehm is Professor Emeritus at the National Centres of Competence in Research (NCCR) Eikones, University of Basel, Switzerland. His research centers on art history and philosophy, particularly hermeneutics and phenomenology, and the history and theory of images.
Iconic Criticism

Ana Gonçalves Magalhães is an art historian, curator, and professor at the Museum of Contemporary Art of the University of São Paulo, Brazil. She is a scholar of modern art and the development of private and public modernist art collections in Brazil.
Materiality and the New Meaning of Modern Art in Brazil

Hubertus Kohle is Professor and Chair of the Department of Art History at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany. His research concerns medieval and modern art history.
Arnold Böcklin and Ancient Mythology in the Nineteenth Century

Pamela Kort is an independent art historian and curator based in Zurich, Switzerland. Her research focuses on modern and contemporary art.
The Untold History of the Rise of Modern Art in Austria and Germany: 1949–1979

Andres Kurg is Senior Researcher and Acting Head of the Institute of Art History at the Estonian Academy of Arts, Tallinn, Estonia. His research centers on late-Soviet period architecture, technological transformations and changes in everyday life, and unofficial art in the post-Stalin era.
Paper Architecture and its Public in the Late-Soviet Period

Analia Saban (Artist in Residence) is an independent artist based in Los Angeles and New York. Blurring the lines between painting and sculpture, imagery and objecthood, her work frequently includes plays on art-historical references and traditions. Dealing with issues of fragility, balance, technique and experimentation, Saban's connection with everyday objects is at the forefront of her investigation of tangible materials and the metaphysical properties of artworks.
Time as an Art-Making Material
(October–December; April–June)

Monika Wagner is Professor Emeritus in the Kunstgeschichtliches Seminar at the Universität Hamburg, Germany. Her research focuses on modern and contemporary art with an emphasis on material studies and iconography.
Social Surfaces: Materials for Modern Urban Spaces

Harald Szeemann Research Project Postdoctoral Fellow

Doris Chon received her PhD from the Department of Art History at the University of California, Los Angeles. She specializes in modern and contemporary art and visual culture, history of photography, and critical theory.
Museum Mythologies: Harald Szeemann's Museums by Artists, the Museum of Obsessions, and the Legacy of Institutional Critique
(September 2014–June 2016)

National Endowment for the Humanities Fellows

Patrick R. Crowley (Villa) is Assistant Professor in the Department of Art History at the University of Chicago, Illinois. His research concerns Roman art and archaeology.
The Phantom Image: Visuality and the Supernatural

Caroline O. Fowler is A.W. Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, Washington, DC.
Absence Made Present: An Early-Modern History of Drawing and the Senses

Volkswagen Foundation Fellow

Christian Berger is Research Fellow and Lecturer in the Department of Art History at the Institut für Kunstgeschichte und Musikwissenschaft (IKM) at Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz, Germany.
The Materials of Conceptual Art

Museum Guest Scholars

Clément Chéroux is Curator and Department Head of the Cabinet de la photographie at the Musée national d'art moderne / Centre Pompidou, Paris, France.
Host Department: Photographs

Helen C. Evans is Mary and Michael Jaharis Curator for Byzantine Art in the Department of Medieval Art at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Host Department: Manuscripts

Christine Kitzlinger is Curator in the Department of European Decorative Arts and Sculpture at the Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg, Germany.
Host Department: Sculpture and Decorative Arts

Rolf Michael Schneider is Professor in the Institute for Classical Archaeology at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany, and Honorary Professor of Classical Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa (2016).
Host Department: Antiquities

Herwig Todts is Scientific Researcher and Curator at the Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp (Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen), Belgium.
Host Department: Paintings

Jiří Vnouček is Conservator of Rare Books and Manuscripts at the Royal Library, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Host Department: Paper Conservation

Kris Wetterlund is Editor of Museum-Ed and is based in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Host Department: Education