Every year since 1985 the Research Institute has invited scholars, artists, and other cultural figures from around the world to work in residence at the Institute on projects that bear upon its annual research theme. While in residence, they pursue their own research projects, make use of Getty collections, and participate in the intellectual life of the Getty Center and the Getty Villa.

Connecting Seas: Cultural and Artistic Exchange

Water has long been a significant means for the movement of goods and people. Sophisticated networks, at a variety of scales, were established in antiquity around the Mediterranean and the Black Seas, and later in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Together with sporadic and accidental encounters, these networks fostered commerce in raw materials and finished objects, along with the exchange of ideas and cultural concepts. Far from being barriers, seas and oceans were vital links connecting cultures. The 2013–2014 academic year at the Getty Research Institute and Getty Villa will be devoted to exploring the art-historical impact of maritime transport.

How has the desire for specific commodities from overseas shaped social, political, and religious institutions? How has the introduction of foreign materials and ideas transformed local artistic traditions, and what novel forms and practices have developed from trade and other exchanges, both systematic and informal? What role do the objects born of these interactions have in enhancing cultural understandings or perpetuating misunderstandings? How has the rapidly accelerating pace of exchange in recent years influenced cross-cultural developments? The goal of this research theme is to explore how bodies of water have served, and continue to facilitate, a rich and complex interchange in the visual arts.

The Getty Research Institute and the Getty Villa invite proposals focusing on artistic exchange and the transmission of knowledge across bodies of water from ancient times to the present day. Scholars actively engaged in studying the role of artists, patrons, priests, merchants, and explorers in oceanic exchange are encouraged to apply, and projects focusing on the Pacific are particularly welcome.

Getty Scholars

Hannah Baader is Head of the Research Group at the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz, Max-Planck-Institut, Italy. Her research focuses on Mediterranean art histories.
From Thalassa to Okeanos, from the Mediterranean to the Oceans: Iconology and Iconospheres of the Sea, 1100–1600

Sandra Lynn Blakely (Villa) is Associate Professor in the Department of Classics at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. She is a scholar of classics, anthropology, and Greek religion.
Seafaring and the Sacred: Maritime Networks and the Cult of the Great Gods of Samothrace

Daniela Bleichmar (Consortium Scholar) is Associate Professor in the Departments of Art History and History at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Her research concerns colonial Latin America, early modern Europe, the history of collecting, the history of science, and the history of books and prints.
The Itinerant Lives of Painted Books: Mexican Codices and Transatlantic Knowledge in the Early Modern World

Suzanne Preston Blier is the Allen Whitehill Clowes Professor of Fine Arts and Professor of African and African American Studies in the Department of Art and Architecture at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. She specializes in African art and architecture.
By Sea, Sand and River: Africa and the West, a History in Art (1300–1800)

Timothy James Brook is Professor in the Department of History at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver. His research centers on global economy, maritime trade, Chinese art, and Europe-Asia encounters.
The Taste of Water: The Global Traffic in Images, 1600–1620

Florina Hernandez Capistrano-Baker is Consultant at the Ayala Museum, Makati City, Philippines. Her research concerns the art and history of the Pacific and Southeast Asia.
Routes of Exchange: 10th–13th Century Gold from Butuan and Links to the Indian Ocean and Mediterranean Trade Network

Owen P. Doonan (Villa) is Professor in the Department of Art at California State University, Northridge. He is a scholar of classical archaeology, geography and long-term history, and colonial networks.
Connection and Community in the Black Sea

Christine Göttler is Professor at the Institut für Kunstgeschichte at the Universität Bern, Switzerland. Her research concerns the intersections of art, religion, commerce, and science in early modern Europe, particularly the Netherlands, the Iberian Peninsula, and Italy.
Inventing Newness: Art, Local History, and "World Knowledge" in Early Modern Antwerp (Mid-Sixteenth to Mid-Seventeenth Centuries)

Burglind Jungmann is Professor in the Department of Art History at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her research centers on the history of Korean painting and the exchange in art between Korea, China, Japan, and Europe.
Beyond the Sea, Two Women, Two Cultures—a Comparison

Carl Knappett (Villa) is the Graham/Thompson Chair in Aegean Prehistory in the Department of Art at the University of Toronto, Canada. His research concentrates on Aegean prehistory.
Maritime Mobility in the Mediterranean: The Case of Minoanization

Marco Musillo is Research Associate in the Department of Chinese Art at the Museo delle Culture, Lugano, Switzerland. He specializes in early modern global art, Chinese art, the art of colonial Mexico, and critical theory.
From Local Media to Global Spectators: Early Modern Screens between Asia and New Spain

Corinna Riva (Villa) is Senior Lecturer in Mediterranean Archaeology in the Institute of Archaeology at University College London, England. Her research focuses on Etruscan archaeology.
Pushing the Boundaries of Exchange: Emporic Trade and Culture Contact in the 6th Century BC Central Mediterranean

Sofia Sanabrais is an independent scholar based in Los Angeles. Her research concerns the cultural and artistic exchanges between Asia and Colonial Latin America.
The Globalization of Taste: The Influence of Asia on Artistic Production in Colonial Latin America

Caroline Anne-Sophie Sauvage (Villa) is a Visiting Scholar at Claremont McKenna College, Claremont, California. She is a scholar of Mediterranean and Near Eastern Art and Archaeology.
Late Bronze Age Regional Identities and Distribution of Motifs: Mycenaean Pictorial Ceramics in their Cypriot and Levantine Contexts

Martin Schieder is Professor of Modern and Contemporary Art at the Institut für Kunstgeschichte at the Universität Leipzig, Germany. His research focuses on art history of the 20th century, avant-garde movements, cross-cultural transfer, exile research, and identity and otherness.
The Transatlantic Ocean Crossing into Exile, 1919–1945: From Heterotopic Experience to Aesthetic Reflection

Nancy Um is Associate Professor in the Department of Art History at Binghamton University, State University of New York. Her research concerns the visual, material, and built cultures of the Indian Ocean.
The Material World of the Overseas Merchant in Yemen: Ceremonies, Gifts, and the Social Protocols of Trade, 1700–1750

Gert Jan Maria van Wijngaarden (Villa) is Associate Professor at the Amsterdam Archaeological Centre at the University of Amsterdam, Netherlands. He specializes in Mediterranean archaeology.
The Relevance of Authenticity: Traveling Artists in Late Bronze Age Greece (1600–1200 BC)

Charlene Villaseñor-Black is Associate Professor in the Department of Art History at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her research explores the early modern Iberian world.
Itinerant Artists in the Global Early Modern World

Predoctoral Fellows

Vanessa Frances Rhiannon Crosby is a PhD candidate in the Department of Religious Studies at Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
Foreign Goods and Trans-regional Identities: Commemoration as Cross Cultural Encounter

Ariane Marie Sophie de Saxcé (Villa) is a PhD candidate in the Department of Archaeology at Université Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV); Institut national d'histoire de l'art (INHA), Paris, France.
From South Asia to the West: Cartography of Cultural Interactions in the Erythraean Sea (Third Century BC to Seventh Century AD)

Galia Halpern is a PhD candidate in the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University, New York.
Maritime Sight and Insight: Mandeville's Travels and Vernacular Geography

Meha Priyadarshini is a PhD candidate in the Department of History at Columbia University, New York.
From Jingdezhen to Puebla: Cultural and Artistic Exchange across the Pacific

Postdoctoral Fellows

Esteban García Brosseau received his doctorate from the Facultad de Filosofía y Letras at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. His research focuses on Iberian Baroque in Asia (Goa) and America (Viceroyalties of New Spain and Peru).
Galleons, Pulpits and Processional Carts: Connected Seafaring Metaphors against Lust and Idolatry along the Iberian Maritime Routes, from Portuguese India to the Viceroyalties of New Spain and Peru (1498–1740)

Alex Robert Knodell (Villa) received his doctorate from the Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
Sailing on the Cusp of History: Crafting Connections in the Early Mediterranean

Lihong Liu received her doctorate from the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University, New York.
Techniques, Technologies, and Media of Representation: Artistic Exchange between China and Europe during the Eighteenth Century

Guest Scholars

Patrick Duarte Flores is Professor in the Department of Art Studies at the University of the Philippines. He is a scholar of art history, theory, criticism, and Philippine art.
Scale and Time: The Historical Image and Southeast Asian Modernity

Qing Mei is Associate Professor and Consultant Expert in the Department of Architecture at the World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for Asia and the Pacific Region (WHITRAP, Shanghai) under the auspices of UNESCO. Her research investigates the maritime silk road and Sino-European artistic and cultural exchange from the 17th through the 18th century.
Art of Reflection by Sea: A Historical Study of Chinese Glassware from the 17th and 18th Centuries

Yoshiaki Shimizu is Frederick Marquand Professor Emeritus of Art and Archaeology at Princeton University. His research explores Japanese art including ink painting of the medieval period, arts of Zen Buddhist establishments, Heian and Kamakura narrative painting, and Sino-Japanese cultural history of the 12th through the 16th century.
Transmission and Transformation: The China-Japan Interface in Arts and Other Things

Yudong Wang is Professor in the School of Arts and Humanities at the Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts, China. He specializes in Chinese landscape and figure art, Buddhist art, Taoist art, Tibetan art, Chinese bronze art, and methodology.
The Wonder That is Art: Indian Art Theory and Art Practice in the Six Dynasties

National Endowment for the Humanities Fellows

Chanchal Dadlani is Assistant Professor of Art History in the Department of Art at Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Her research concerns South Asian and Islamic art and architecture.
Art and Epistemology Between Early Modern India and France: The Collection of Jean-Baptiste Gentil

Kristina Renée Kleutghen is Assistant Professor in the Department of Art History and Archaeology at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. She is a scholar of Chinese art history with a focus on early modern Sino-European contact.
Visions of the West: Rediscovering Eighteenth-Century Chinese Perspective Prints and Viewing Devices

Volkswagen Foundation Fellow

Ulrike Hanstein is a Research Fellow in the Faculty of Philosophy and Audiovisual Media Department at the Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Germany.
Retracing Movements: Performance Art and Moving-Image Documentation

Museum Guest Scholars

Tonny Beentjes is Head of the Metalwork Conservation Program at the University of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Host Department: Decorative Arts and Sculpture Conservation

Sophie Descamps-Lequime is Chief Curator of the Department of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities at the Musée du Louvre, Paris, France.
Host Department: Antiquities

John Gillis is Senior Conservator of Manuscripts and Rare Books at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
Host Department: Paper Conservation

Thomas Alexander Heslop is Professor of Visual Arts at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.
Host Department: Manuscripts

Claudia Kryza-Gersch is Curator of Italian Sculpture at the Kunstkammer of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.
Host Department: Sculpture and Decorative Arts

Stéphane Loire is Chief Curator in the Paintings Department at the Musée du Louvre, Paris, France.
Host Department: Paintings

Anne McCauley is the David H. McAlpin Professor of the History of Photography and Modern Art at Princeton University, New Jersey.
Host Department: Photographs

Jeffrey Spier is University Associate and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Classics at the University of Arizona, Tucson.
Host Department: Director's Office

Carel van Tuyll is Curator Emeritus at the Musée du Louvre, Paris, France.
Host Department: Drawings