Lime Mortars and Plasters (1998-2009)
 

Project Publications

PDF

The Getty Conservation Institute. "GCI Lime Mortars and Plasters Bibliography: Sorted by Author." 2003. (100 pp., PDF format, 939KB)

PDF

The Getty Conservation Institute. "GCI Lime Mortars and Plasters Bibliography: Sorted by General Category." 2003. (195 pp., PDF format, 1.6MB)

Publications

  • Ruiz-Agudo E; Rodriguez-Navarro C. Microstructure and rheology of lime putty. Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids 2010; 26(6), pp.3868-77.
  • Mertens, G., Snellings, R., Van Balen, K., Bicer-Simsir, B., Verlooy, P., Elsen, J.
    Pozzolanic reactions of common natural zeolites with lime and parameters affecting their reactivity Cement and Concrete Research, 39 (3), (2009), pp. 233-240.
  • Hansen, Eric F.; Carlos Rodriguez-Novarro; and Koenraad Van Balen. Lime putties and mortars: insights into fundamental properties. Studies in Conservation 53, no. 1 (2008), pp. 9-23.
  • Knapen, E., O. Cizer , K. Van Balen, and D. Van Gemert
    “Comparison of solvent exchange and vacuum drying techniques to remove free water from early age cement-based materials.” Proceedings of the 2nd International Rilem Symposium on Advances in Concrete through Science and Engineering, Eds J. Bissonnette B. Gangne R. Jolin M. Paradis F. Marchand, p. 335, France: Rilem Publications, 2006.
  • Cizer, O., K. Van Balen D. Van Gemert, and J. Elsen
    Carbonation reaction of lime hydrate and hydraulic binders at 20°C. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Accelerated Carbonation for Environmental and Materials Engineering, Eds. C. H. Fentiman, C. D. Hills, and R. J. Mangahai, Cement and Concrete Science, 2006.
  • Cizer, O., K. Van Balen, J. Elsen, and D. Van Gemert
    Carbonation and hydration of calcium hydroxide and calcium silicate binders with rice husk ash. Proceedings of the 2nd International Rilem Symposium on Advances in Concrete through Science and Engineering, Eds J. Bissonnette B. Gangne R. Jolin M. Paradis F. Marchand, p. 309, France: Rilem Publications, 2006.
  • Rodriguez-Navarro, C., E. Ruiz-Agudo, M. Ortega-Huertas and E. Hansen
    “Nanostructure and Colloidal Behavior of Ca(OH)2: Implications for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage” Langmuir (21) 10948-10957, 2005.
  • Hansen, Eric F., and Carolina Castellanos
    “Consideraciones para la Definición de Estrategias para la Conservación de Relieves y Frisos en Estuco en la Región Maya.” In XVIII Simposio de Arqueológicas en Guatemala, 2004 (Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Etnología, Ministerio de Cultural y Deportes, Instituto Antropología e Historia de Guatemala, Asociación Tikal) 593-601.
  • Hansen, Eric F., Koenraad Van Balen and Carlos Rodriguez-Navarro
    “Variations in Lime Mortars Properties Resulting from the Use of Freshly Slaked Quicklime, Aged Slaked Lime and Commercial Dry Hydrated Lime.” In International Building Lime Symposium Preprints, March 2005, Orlando, Florida: Contemporary and Historic Uses of Lime in Mortars, Plasters and Stuccos. NLA Building Lime Group, CD: ISBN 0-9767621-0-2, 2005.
  • Hansen, Eric F.
    "Technology Used in the Production of Ancient Maya Lime Mortars and Plasters." In International Building Lime Symposium Preprints, March 2005, Orlando, Florida: Contemporary and Historic Uses of Lime in Mortars, Plasters and Stuccos. NLA Building Lime Group, CD: ISBN 0-9767621-0-2, 2005.
  • Van Balen, K.
    “Past and Present Use of Lime as a Binder in Masonry and Pointing Mortar” A Publication by the Dutch Monument Service within a Dutch-Flemish Collaboration. In International Building Lime Symposium Preprints, March 2005, Orlando, Florida: Contemporary and Historic Uses of Lime in Mortars, Plasters and Stuccos. NLA Building Lime Group, CD: ISBN 0-9767621-0-2, 2005.
  • Van Balen, K., Hayen, R. and D. Van Gemert
    “Weaker Can Be Better: Learning from the Past Contributes to Sustainable Construction Technology with Lime.” In International Building Lime Symposium Preprints, March 2005, Orlando, Florida: Contemporary and Historic Uses of Lime in Mortars, Plasters and Stuccos. NLA Building Lime Group, CD: ISBN 0-9767621-0-2, 2005.
  • Hansen, Eric F., and Carolina Castellanos.
    “Some Considerations for the Reburial of Painted Lime Plaster Stucco Facades in the Maya Region.” Invited paper presented at the Reburial Colloquium, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 17-21, 2003 (organized by The Getty Conservation Institute, ICCROM and the National Parks Service). Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites: Special Issue on Site Reburial. (6) 3,4: 259-274, 2004.
  • Van Balen, K.
    “Carbonation Reaction of Lime, Kinetics at Ambient Temperature.” Cement and Concrete Research 34, 2004.
  • Hansen, Eric F., Eric Doehne, John Fidler, William Martin, John Larson, Mauro Matteini, Clifford Price, Carlos Rodriguez Navarro, Alberto de Tagle, Jeanne Marie Teutonico and Norman Weiss.
    “A Review of Selected Inorganic Consolidants and Protective Treatments for Porous Calcareous Materials.” Reviews in Conservation 4:13-25, 2003.
  • Van Balen, K.
    “Understanding the Lime Cycle and Its Influence on Historical Construction Practice.” Proceedings of the First International Congress on Construction History, (ed.) S. Huerta, pp. 2041-2054, Instituto Juan de Herrera, 2041, 2003.
  • Elert, Kerstin, Carlos Rodriguez, Eric Hansen and Eduardo Sebastian.
    “Über das Einsumpfen von Kalk: Warum sind historische Kalkmörtel so unterschiedlich erhalten?” Restauro 7: 502-509, 2002.
  • Elert, Kerstin, Carlos Rodriguez-Navarro, Eduardo Sebastian Pardo, Eric Hansen and Olga Cazalla.
    “Lime Mortars for the Conservation of Historic Buildings.” Studies in Conservation 47:62-75.
  • Rodriguez-Navarro, C., Cazalla, O., Elert, K. and E. Sebastian Pardo.
    “Liesegang Pattern Development in Carbonating Traditional Lime Mortars.” Proceedings of the Royal Society, No. A. 458:2261, 2002.
  • Mueller, Urs, and Eric F. Hansen.
    “Use of Digital Image Analysis in Conservation of Building Materials.” Proceedings of the 8th Euroseminar on Microscopy Applied to Buildings Materials, eds. B. Georgali and E. E. Toumbakari (Cosmosware, Athens) 603-610, 2001.
  • Cazalla, O., Rodriguez-Navarro, C., Sebastian, E., Cultrone, G., and M. J. De la Torrre
    “Aging of Lime Putty: Effects on Traditional Lime Mortars Carbonation.” Journal of the American Ceramic Society (83) 1070, 2000.
  • Hansen, Eric F.
    Ancient Maya Burnt Lime Technology: Cultural Implications of Technological Styles. Ph. D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, (UMI Mmicroform 9993031) 436 pp.
  • Hansen, Eric F., Alberto de Tagle, Evin Erder, Susan Baron, Samuel Connell, Carlos Rodriguez-Navarro and Koenraad Van Balen
    “Effects of Aging on Lime Putty” in International RILEM Workshop on Historic Mortars: Characteristics and Tests, eds. P. Bartos, C. Groot and J. J. Hughes. (RILEM, France) 197-206, 2000.
  • Schueremans, L., R. Hayen, D. van Gemeret, and K. van Balen
    "Triaxial Testing of Masonry and Lime Mortars, Test Setup and Results." Internationales Kolloquium Werkstoffwissenshaften und Bauinstandsetzen "MSR 99" (2000): 527-536, 2000.
  • van Balen, K., E. E. Toumbakari, M. T. Blanco, J. Aguilera, F. Puertas, C. Sabbioni, G. Zappia, C. Riontino, and G. Gobbi
    "Procedure for a Mortar Type Identification: A Proposal." Postprints of the RILEM Technical Committee TCM0167-COM International Workshop, Historic Mortars: Characteristics and Tests, Paisley, Scotland, May 1999, 2000.
  • Hansen, E. F., A. de Tagle, E. Erder, S. Baron, C. Rodriguez-Navarro, and K. van Balen
    "Effects of Aging on Lime Putty." Postprints of the RILEM Technical Committee TCM0167-COM International Workshop, Historic Mortars: Characteristics and Tests, Paisley, Scotland, May 1999.
  •  Rodriguez-Navarro, Carlos, Eric F. Hansen and William S. Ginell
    “Calcium Hydroxide Crystal Evolution Upon Aging of Lime Putty.” Journal of the American Ceramic Society 81(11): 3082-34, 1998.
  • Cazalla, O., E. Sebastian, M. J. de la Torre, C. Rodriguez-Navarro, and I. Valverde
    "Control de la Evolución de la Carbonatación en Morteros de Cal." IV Cong. Int. Rehabilitación del Patrimonio Arquitectónico y Edificación (Cuba, 1998): 227-229, 1998.
  • Cazalla, O., E. Sebastian, M. de la Torre, C. Rodriguez-Navarro, I. Valverde, and U. Zezza
    "Normativa para la Elaboración de Morteros de Cal." IV Cong. Int. Rehabilitación del Patrimonio Arquitectónico y Edificación (Cuba, 1998): 491-493, 1998.
  • Hansen, Eric F., Carlos Rodriguez-Navarro and Richard D. Hansen
    “Incipient Maya Burnt-Lime Technology: Characterization and Chronological Variations in Preclassic Plaster, Stucco and Mortar at Nakbe, Guatemala” in Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology V, eds. P.B. Vandiver, J. R. Druzik, J. Merkel and J. Stewart (Materials Research Society, Volume 462, Pittsburgh) 207-216, 1997.
  • van Balen, K.
    "Modeling Lime Mortar Carbonation." Materials and Structures 27 (1994): 393-98, 1994.

Contributions

The Lime Mortars and Plasters project contributed to the following RILEM (International Union of Laboratories and Experts in Construction Materials, Systems, and Structures) technical committees and their publications:

Repairs Mortars for Historic Masonry - Final Report of RILEM TC 203-RHM, forthcoming.

Last updated: March 2011