Object—Value—Canon: 2014/2015

Art-historical interpretation has traditionally proceeded from the description of an object; to discussions about its artistic, cultural, or commercial value; and then to attempts to place the object in a canon with other works. From Vasari to Gombrich and up to today, this process has been the established path of art-historical writing.

With the movement of art history from a Western-oriented discipline to a global one, this interpretive process—and the terms themselves—must be examined in a new way. Object, value, and canon have different significances in other historical and social contexts. A more diverse integration of understudied visual and archaeological objects necessitates a reassessment of the traditional approach in order to enrich the understanding of the world's artistic heritage.

In addition to the global turn, current technological developments present their own challenges to traditional art-historical methodologies. The unlimited accessibility of information confronts the researcher with expansive but unauthoritative resources. High-resolution images open ways to observe and investigate artworks that visits to museums cannot offer. The objects as well as the canon have to be reevaluated in the era of the digital humanities.

The Getty Research Institute and the Getty Villa invite proposals from scholars and fellows working in a wide range of individual topics to engage these challenges and address their impact in an international and interdisciplinary environment.

Getty Scholars

Adolf Heinrich Borbein (Villa) is Professor Emeritus at the Institut für Klassische Archäologie at the Freie Universität Berlin, Germany. His research focuses on classical archaeology and Greek and Roman sculpture.

Petra Brouwer is Assistant Professor in the Department of History and Theory of Modern Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of Amsterdam, Netherlands. She is a scholar of 19th-century architectural historiography.
Constructing the Architectural Canon. Architectural History Books in the Nineteenth-Century

Gabriella Cirucci (Villa) is Research Assistant in the Faculty of Art at the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, Italy. Her research concerns Greek and Roman sculpture, and Roman art and visual culture.
Challenging the Canon of nobilia opera: Ancient Greek sculpture in Roman contexts

Beatriz Colomina is Professor of Architecture and Director of the PhD program in the School of Architecture, and Director of the Program in Media and Modernity, Princeton University, New Jersey. She specializes in modern and contemporary architecture and media studies.
X-Ray Architecture: Illness as Metaphor

Steven Fine (Villa) is Professor of Jewish History in the Bernard Revel Graduate School of Jewish Studies at Yeshiva University, New York. His research centers on cultural history, visual culture, Roman history, and Jewish history.
The Arch of Titus: From Roman Triumphal Arch to Lieu de Mémoire and Post-Colonial Icon

Uwe Fleckner is Professor, Kunstgeschichtliches Seminar at Universität Hamburg, Germany. His research concerns the reception of African art.
The Loss of Anthropology: African Art and its Western Canon

Christopher H. Hallett (Villa) is Professor and Chair in the History of Art Department at the University of California, Berkeley. He is a scholar of Greek and Roman art.
The "Archaic Revival" of Augustan Rome: Primitivism in the Art and Monuments of Rome, 30–20 BCE

Monica Juneja is Professor and Chair of Global Art History in the Cluster of Excellence "Asia and Europe in a Global Context" at the Karl Jaspers Centre for Advanced Transcultural Studies at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. Her research concerns South Asian art in a global perspective and critical theory.
Can Art History be made Global? A Discipline in Transition

Friederike Maria Kitschen is Scientific Project Coordinator and Research Assistant in the Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Zentrum für Kulturtechnik at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany. Her research centers on 19th- and 20th-century art history.
"Visibility" — The Role of Reproductions in Canonization Processes

Jeanette Kohl is Associate Professor of Art History at the University of California, Riverside. She is a scholar of the Italian Renaissance in a global context.
Global Faces: Heteronomies and the Afterlife of Renaissance Portraiture

Maria Emilia Masci (Villa) is Research Fellow in Classe di Lettere at the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, Italy. Her research concentrates on the history of archaeology, the history of collections, museum history, classical archaeology, Greek and South Italian painted vases, and the intellectual history of the 17th to the 19th centuries.
From Antiquarianism to Archaeology: Evolution of Aesthetic and Systematic Canons and History of Knowledge of Ancient Painted Pottery from late 17th to Early 19th Centuries

Eric Michaud is Director of Studies at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris. He specializes in critical theory.
Inventing the 'Greek Profile', between Art and Nature: Enquiry into an Aesthetic Paradigm

Marie-Louise Bech Nosch (Villa) is Professor in the Centre for Textile Research at the University of Copenhagen/Saxo Institute, Denmark. Her research focuses on the Aegean Bronze Age, classical Greece, ancient history, and classical archaeology.
Textiles as Object -- Textiles as Value. The Normative and Formative Roles of Textiles, with Aegean Textiles at the Turn of the 1st Millennium BCE as a Case Study

Matthew H. Robb is Curator of the Art of the Americas at the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco | de Young Museum, California. His research concerns pre-Columbian cultures and history.
The Stone Masks of Teotihuacan: Defining the Corpus

Joanna S. Smith (Villa) is Consulting Scholar in the Mediterranean Section of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. She is a scholar of Eastern Mediterranean and Near Eastern art history and archaeology.
Seal Stratigraphies from Enkomi, Cyprus

Leticia Squeff is Professor of Art History in the School of Philosophy, Letters and Sciences at Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil. She is a scholar of 19th- and 20th-century Brazilian and Latin American art.
Connecting Mexico and Brazil—Thinking about Latin American Art Beyond the Canonical Relationship with Europe

Kevin Terraciano is Professor in the History Department at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research focuses on early modern Latin America and Iberia, and postclassic (ancient) Mesoamerica.
Images of the Conquest of Mexico

Shigebumi Tsuji is Professor Emeritus in the Art History Department at Osaka University, Toyonaka, Japan. He specializes in the history of Roman, Byzantine, and Japanese art.
Study of Narrative Landscape in the East and the West

Predoctoral Fellows

Subhashini Kaligotla is a PhD candidate in the Department of Art History and Archaeology at Columbia University, New York.
Shiva's Waterfront Temples: Reimagining the Sacred Architecture of India's Deccan Region

Nancy Lin is a PhD candidate in the Department of Art History at the University of Chicago, Illinois.
The Quest for a Modern East Asian Canon

Allison Nicole Stielau is a PhD candidate in the Department of the History of Art at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
The Unmaking of Metalwork in Early Modern Europe

Postdoctoral Fellows

Sean Villareal Leatherbury (Villa) received his doctorate from the University of Oxford. He specializes in Roman, late antique, and Byzantine art and archaeology.
The Arts of Votive Dedication from Rome to Byzantium

Julia Orell is Assistant in the Department of Art History, Section for East Asian Art History at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. Her research focuses on Chinese art and historiography.
Shifting the Boundaries of Art History: East Asian Art History in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland ca. 1840–1940

Kristin E. Romberg is Assistant Professor in the School of Art + Design at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Radical Constructivism: Aleksei Gan's Grass-Roots Modernism

Lynn Rother will receive her doctorate from the Technische Universität Berlin, Germany.
Art as Collateral – The Berlin Museums and their Acquisitions from the Dresdner Bank

Guest Scholars

Naman Ahuja is Professor of Indian Art and Architecture at the School of Arts and Aesthetics, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. He is a scholar of Indian iconography, sculpture, temple architecture, Sultanate period painting and issues around trans-culturalism in antiquity.
Art from the Personal Domain: Ancient Indian Terracotta, Ivory, and Wood

Rafael Cardoso is Collaborating Professor in the Instituto de Artes at the Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. His research concerns the history and development of Brazilian art and design.
The Printing of Modern Life: Rio de Janeiro, 1900–1910

Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev is an independent scholar and curator based in Rome, Italy. She specializes in contemporary art.
Harald Szeemann's Monte Verità and Sacred Topography: A View on the Aftermath of documneta 5 through the Lens of dOCUMENTA (13) and the Materials in Szeemann's Archive

Lynne Cooke is an independent scholar and curator based in New York. She specializes in contemporary art.
The Kingdom of the Referentials

Tacita Dean (Artist in Residence) is an independent artist based in London and Berlin. She is internationally renowned for her film installation as well as for other closely related works including photogravures, drawings on alabaster, overpainted photographs, sound recordings on magnetic tape, and objets trouvés.
The Importance of Objective Chance as a Tool of Reseach

David Freedberg is Pierre Matisse Professor of the History of Art in the Department of Art History and Archaeology at Columbia University, New York. He specializes in 16th- and 17th-century Dutch and Flemish Art, 17th-century Italian art, and the relations between art, history, and cognitive neuroscience.
The Origins of Art: How the problem stands in the light of the latest archaeological discoveries of middle to late stone age manufacture in Southern Africa

Jianye Han is Professor in the Department of History and Archaeology at the College of Applied Arts and Sciences of Beijing Union University, China.
Collision and Assimilation: Sino-Western Cultural Exchanges and Social Transformation in China Around 2000 BC

John K. Papadopoulos (Consortium Professor) is Professor and Chair of the Interdepartmental Archaeology Program at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research focuses on Aegean prehistory and Greek and Italian archaeology, as well as the history and culture of the Classical and later periods.
The Archaeological Context of Value

Oya Pançaroglu is Associate Professor in the Department of History at Boğaziçi Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey. Her research focuses on medieval Islamic art, visual and literary cultures of the medieval Persianate world, and Islamic architecture in medieval Anatolia.
Morality and Conviviality in Medieval Iran: Visual and Literary Compositions on Fine Ceramic Tableware

Piotr Piotrowski is Professor in the Art History Department at Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland. His research concerns the social and political history of modern and contemporary art in Central and Eastern Europe, theory of global art history, and museum studies.
Do We Need a Global System of Artistic Values?

Joseph Rishel is Senior Curator in the Department of European Painting and Sculpture at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania.
Cezanne Biography, New Discoveries - More Looking

Larry Arnold Silver is Farquhar Professor of Art History in the Department of the History of Art at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. He is a scholar of painting and graphics of Northern Europe, particularly Germany and the Netherlands, during the era of the Renaissance and the Reformation.
Jewish Art as Marked

Hendrik Ziegler is Professor of Art History in the Department of History, UFR des Lettres et Sciences Humaines at the Centre d'Étude et de Recherche en Histoire Culturelle - EA 2616, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, France.
Goethe and the Classical Canon in Architecture

Harald Szeemann Research Project Postdoctoral Fellow

Doris Chon is Lecturer in the Department of Art at the University of California, Los Angeles. She specializes in modern and contemporary art and visual culture, history of photography, and critical theory.
Museum Mythologies: Harald Szeemann's Museums by Artists, the Museum of Obsessions, and the Legacy of Institutional Critique
(September 2014–June 2016)

National Endowment for the Humanities Fellows

Michelle H. Craig is an independent scholar based in Mansfield Center, Connecticut and Reviews Editor for the International Journal of Islamic Architecture. Her research concerns African and Islamic art.
Across Desert Sands: Trans-Saharan Visual Culture

Jessica L. Horton is Postdoctoral Fellow at the Smithsonian American Art Museum and at the National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, D.C.
Global Histories of Native American Art

Volkswagen Foundation Fellow

Katja Müller-Helle is Postdoctoral Researcher in the BildEvidenz: Geschichte und Ästhetik project at the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft located at the Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.
The Anti-Canon. Objects of Transgression in 20th Century Avant-Garde Culture

Museum Guest Scholars

Leslie Bedford is a member of The Museum Group and is an independent museum consultant based in New York, New York.
Host Department: Education

Marie-Anne Dupuy-Vachey is an independent scholar based in Paris, France.
Host Department: Drawings

Peggy McCracken is Professor of French, Women's Studies, and Comparative Literature at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Host Department: Manuscripts

Michael Roaf is Professor Emeritus for Near Eastern Archaeology at the University of Munich, Germany.
Host Department: Director's Office

Clotilde Roth-Meyer is a lecturer and independent art historian based in Paris, France.
Host Department: Paintings Conservation

V. Armando Solé is Scientific Software Developer at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble, France.
Host Department: Decorative Arts Conservation

Carol Squiers is Curator at the International Center of Photography, New York.
Host Department: Photographs

Jean Vittet is Conservateur en chef in charge of Furniture and Decorative Arts before 1815 at the Château de Fontainebleau, France.
Host Department: Sculpture and Decorative Arts

Clara von Waldthausen is Photograph Conservator at the Fotorestauratie Atelier VOF, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Host Department: Paper Conservation

Susan Walker is Sackler Keeper of Antiquities in the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology at the University of Oxford, England.
Host Department: Antiquities

Graduate Consortium Seminar

2014-15 Consortium poster: Object-Value-Canon

2014-2015 Scholar Year Poster: Object Value Canon

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