The long-term goal of the GCI's Historic Cities and Urban Settlements Initiative, which grows out of a collaboration with the Organization of the World Heritage Cities (OWHC)—is to contribute to the preservation of historic cities through the development of projects that focus on key challenges in the conservation of urban environments and that improve conservation practice in the field.
The GCI will address this goal through:
- design and coordination of the scientific content of the OWHC biannual congresses in 2005–2009
Historic urban settlements are a unique reflection of the capacity of humankind to socially structure and organize space. Today, 242 cities or urban settlements are registered on the UNESCO World Heritage list, representing the diverse responses to the specific geographic and socio-economic conditions by local populations.
There is little question that exponential evolution and growth and uncontrolled changes put the integrity and authenticity of historic cities and urban settlements—and values that are embedded in them—at risk. At a time of rapid urbanization and globalization, the conservation of historic cities is one of the most urgent and difficult challenges facing the field of heritage conservation. The task extends beyond the preservation of the architecture and landscape, and requires the careful management of change through adaptation of historic buildings and urban fabric to new forms of living, evolving land uses, and consideration of intangible heritage that contributes to the city's cultural significance.
The GCI has long recognized the importance of the conservation of historic cities. Between 1991 and 1997, the GCI was involved in a project in Quito, that addressed different issues related to the conservation of the historic fabric of an urban environment. The Quito project included a photogrammetric study of historic buildings on the principal thoroughfare, Calle García Moreno; investigation of the color history of building facades; environmental monitoring; and an international colloquium on the seismic retrofitting of historic buildings. The project also addressed the conservation and cataloging of the Monastery of La Merced Library and conducted an assessment of deterioration problems in the interior polychromy and gilding of the Church of La Compañia de Jésus. In addition to the Quito project, the GCI has explored ways to better address the most pervasive and urgent challenges faced in the conservation of historic cities and urban settlements through ongoing work in site management and field projects in China, Egypt, Southeast Asia, Jordan, and Tunisia.
The primary objectives of this stage of the initiative are:
- to engage in a dialogue with municipality representatives and decision makers involved in the preservation of historical centers to better understand current important conservation and management issues and needs related to historic cities, in collaboration with the OWHC;
- to assess issues and needs for the conservation and management of historic cities, as well as to identify potential beneficiaries and partners; and
- to identify gaps in knowledge and to outline potential actions that can improve practices and support professionals and decision makers in addressing the development threats and conservation challenges that confront historic cities.
In 2004, the GCI began working with the OWHC in the preparation of the scientific content of its biannual congress held in Cuzco, Peru, in September 2005. The format of the scientific component was designed to encourage participants to exchange and debate ideas focused on the topics presented through keynote addresses, all related to the theme "Patrimonio de la Humanidad, Patrimonio con Humanidad (Heritage of Humankind, a Heritage with Humanity)." Following the success of this first collaboration, the GCI has continued its work with the OWHC, similarly preparing the scientific content of the congress held in Kazan, Russia, in June 2007, with the theme of "Heritage and Economics." The Institute is currently working with the OWHC and the City of Quito (the host city) on the forthcoming congress to be held September 8–11, 2009, whose theme is "Revitalization of Historical Centers: How to Engage All Social Actors."
Concurrent to the OWHC congresses, the GCI is researching the critical challenges in the conservation of historic cities in order to assess needs and identify gaps in the existing body of knowledge related to this area of work. The GCI's efforts include convening an experts meeting with professionals from conservation and urban planning, as well as decision makers, to discuss and identify priorities in order to determine where action can be most effectively targeted.
Last updated: March 2009