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ID: 500026649
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500026649

 

Record Type: Person
Masaccio (Italian painter, 1401-1428)

Note: Masaccio's father was the notary Ser Giovanni di Mone (Simone) Cassai. When Ser Giovanni died in 1406, Masaccio's mother, Jacopa di Martinozzo di Dino, married Tedesco di Feo, an apothecary in Masaccio's native San Giovanni (located between Florence and Arezzo). Masaccio is recorded as a "painter" by the age of 16, and a few years later he was listed among painters in the guild records of the Arte de' Medici e Speziali. It is a tradition that Masaccio's master was Masolino, with whom he later often collaborated; however, this is unlikely because Masolino was not a member of the painters' guild until 1423, and thus would not have had apprentices during Masaccio's youth. Masaccio is often noted as the founder of Italian Renaissance painting, because he learned from the intial experiments of Giotto to create figures, drapery, and objects as fully three-dimensional with gravitational weight. In addition, his pictorial space is arranged by using linear perspective, light and shadow are portrayed as if light were entering this space from a single source, and his figures appear to be present, conscious characters who react and display emotion. Giorgio Vasari, a 16th-century biographer of artists, explained that Masaccio followed in the footsteps of sculptors Brunelleschi and Donatello, even though he worked in the medium of painting.
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Names:
Masaccio (preferred,V,displayP,English-P,NA,U)
Guidi, Tommaso (V)
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Simone (V)
Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi (V)
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone Cassai (V)
Mone, Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di (V)
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone (V)
Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Mone Guidi (V)
Masaccio, Tommaso Guidi (U)
Masaccio, Tommaso di ser Giovanni (U)
Masaccio, Tommaso Guidi, known as (U)
Maso, di Giovanni di Castello San Giovanni (U)
Tommaso, di Giovanni Cassai (U)
Tommaso, di Giovanni di Simone Guidi (U)
Guidi, Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone (U,index)
Guidi, Tommaso di ser Giovanni (U)
Maso di Giovanni di Castello San Giovanni (U)
Massaccio (LU,V)
Mazzacio (LU,V)
Massacio (LU,V)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)
Florentine

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Castel San Giovanni (Piacenza province, Emilia-Romagna, Italy) (inhabited place)
Died:  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:  

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice was ....  Andrea di Giusto  
..........................  (Italian painter, active 1427-1447, died 1451) [500118632]
collaborated with ....  Masolino, da Panicale  
................................  (Italian painter, 1383-ca. 1447) [500004819]
sibling of ....  Guidi, Giovanni di ser Giovanni di Mone  
..................  (Italian painter, 1406-1486) [500022041]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Masaccio (I)

Biographies:
(Italian painter, 1401-1428) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian, 1401-1428) ..... [GRLPA]
(Italian, Florentine, 1401-1428) ..... [JPGM]
(Italian artist, 1401-circa 1428) ..... [WCI]
(Italian painter, 1401-ca.1428) ..... [BHA]
(Italian artist, 1401-1428(?)) ..... [WCP]
(Italian artist, 1401-1428) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Italian painter, probably died 1428) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian painter) ..... [Grove Art]
(painter, 1401-1428) ..... [GRL]
(Italian artist, 1401-1428?) ..... [PROV]
(Italian painter, 1401-1428) ..... [RKD]

Additional Names:
Tommaso di Giovanni Cassai (U)
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni Cassai (U)
Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Simone da San Giovanni (U)
Tommaso Guidi (LU,V)
Tommaso Guido (LU,V)
Le Masaccio (LU,U)
Masalio (LU,U)
Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi Masaccio (V)
Mazaccio (LU,U)
Thomas Masaccio, Florentin (LU,U)
Masaccio, Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi (V)
Mesaccio (LU,V)
Masaccio (1401-1428) (U,Dutch-P,NA)
Mazachcho (U)
Thomaso Masaccio (LU,U)
Thomaso Masaccio, called da San Giovanni (LU,U)
T. Maccio (LU,U)
Tomaso Guidi da S. Giovanni, called Masaccio (LU,U)
Tomaso Masaccio (LU,U)

Sources and Contributors:
Guidi, Tommaso ........ [AVERY, GRL]
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
..............................  GRIL NACO contribution (n.d.)
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006973
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Guidi, Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone ........ [RKD]
....................................................................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 53068
Guidi, Tommaso di ser Giovanni ........ [RKD]
.........................................................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 53068
Le Masaccio ........ [PROV]
........................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Masaccio ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRL, GRLPA Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred, WCI Preferred]
...................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
...................  Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A list (1932)
...................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
...................  GRIL NACO contribution (n.d.)
...................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
...................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
...................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
Masaccio (1401-1428) ........ [RKD Preferred]
.........................................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 53068
Masaccio, Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.......................................................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Masaccio, Tommaso di ser Giovanni ........ [GRL]
...............................................................  GRIL NACO contribution (n.d.)
...............................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Masaccio, Tommaso Guidi ........ [GRL]
...............................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006973
Masaccio, Tommaso Guidi, known as ........ [GRL, VP]
...............................................................  GRIL NACO contribution (n.d.)
...............................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Masalio ........ [PROV]
.................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Maso, di Giovanni di Castello San Giovanni ........ [GRL]
...............................................................................  GRIL NACO contribution (n.d.)
...............................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Maso di Giovanni di Castello San Giovanni ........ [RKD]
.............................................................................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 53068
Massaccio ........ [PROV]
.....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
.....................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Massacio ........ [PROV]
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Mazaccio ........ [PROV]
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Mazachcho ........ [GRL]
.....................  GRIL NACO contribution (n.d.)
.....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006973
.....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Mazzacio ........ [PROV]
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Mesaccio ........ [PROV]
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Mone, Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di ........ [VP]
............................................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Thomas Masaccio, Florentin ........ [PROV]
.....................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Thomaso Masaccio ........ [PROV]
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Thomaso Masaccio, called da San Giovanni ........ [PROV]
............................................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
T. Maccio ........ [PROV]
....................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Tomaso Guidi da S. Giovanni, called Masaccio ........ [PROV]
...................................................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Tomaso Masaccio ........ [PROV]
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Tommaso, di Giovanni Cassai ........ [GRL]
.....................................................  GRIL NACO contribution (n.d.)
.....................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Tommaso di Giovanni Cassai ........ [RKD]
...................................................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 53068
Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi ........ [GRLPA, RKD, VP, WCP Preferred]
..................................................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..................................................................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 53068
Tommaso, di Giovanni di Simone Guidi ........ [GRL]
....................................................................  GRIL NACO contribution (n.d.)
....................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi Masaccio ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.....................................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni Cassai ........ [RKD]
..........................................................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 53068
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone ........ [VP]
..........................................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone Cassai ........ [Grove Art, RKD, VP]
.......................................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.......................................................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 26 October 2004
.......................................................................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 53068
Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Mone Guidi ........ [BHA]
....................................................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Simone ........ [VP]
..............................................................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Simone da San Giovanni ........ [RKD]
.........................................................................................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 53068
Tommaso Guidi ........ [PROV]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Tommaso Guido ........ [PROV]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, Gallery Systems, GRL, GRLPA, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, RKD, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon, viewed online May 7, 2013 (Masaccio (preferred); variants: Tommaso di Giovanni; Masaccio, Tommaso di ser Giovanni; Masaccio, Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Mone; Guidi, Tommaso di ser Giovanni; Guidi, Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone; Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Simone da San Giovanni; Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Mone Cassai; Tommaso di Giovanni Cassai; Maso di Giovanni di Castello San Giovanni; Tommaso di ser Giovanni Cassai; Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi; born December 21 or December 28, 1401 in San Giovanni Valdarno; died 1428 in Rome; painter; active in Montemarciano, Pisa, Florence)
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A list (1932)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Bolaffi, Dizionario dei pittori italiani (1972-1976)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Enciclopedia Italiana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (1949-1951)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n79006973
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  GRIL NACO contribution (n.d.)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 26 October 2004
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  La Cappella Brancacci nella Chiesa di Santa Maria del Carmine a Firenze, 2012 page 21 (Masaccio; Tommaso di Giovanni Cassai; son of the notary ser Giovanni di Mone Cassai; born December 21 1401 in San Giovanni Valdarno; worked with Masolino on the mural paintings in the Cappella Brancacci in Florence; died in June of 1428 impoverished in Rome)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n79006973
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL7999084; http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79006973
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 53068
....................  Somaré, Enrico. Masaccio, 1924.
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
....................  Wikidata online (2000-) Q5811
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 02/12/2002.
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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