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ID: 500026542
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500026542

 
Record Type: Person
Schwitters, Kurt (German painter, typographer, and writer, 1887-1948)

Note: Born 20 June 1887; died 8 January 1948. Schwitters was a Dadaist who associated with the Bauhaus School at Weimar, Germany and with the "de Stijl" group in the Netherlands. Schwitters experimented with light graphics, or cameraless imagery, in the 1920s. Schwitters was a member of the 'ring neue werbegestalter' in the 1920s in Germany. He created assemblages called 'merz' from bits of urban detritus and found objects. German artist.
,

Names:
Schwitters, Kurt (preferred,V,index,LC)
Kurt Schwitters (V,display)
Schwitters, Herman Edward Karl Julius (VBN)
Schwitters, Kurt Herman Edward Karl Julius (U)
Schwitters (LU,U)

Nationalities:
German (preferred)
Hamburger

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
photographer
typographer
sculptor
graphic designer
draftsman
publisher
poet
author
designer
writer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Hanover (Lower Saxony, Germany) (inhabited place)
Died:  Kendal (Cumbria, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Hamburg (Hamburg state, Germany) (inhabited place)
active:   1941-1945  London (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
collaborated with ....  Ebneth, Lajos d'  
................................  (Hungarian painter and sculptor, 1902-1982) [500136747]
collaborated with ....  Lissitzky, El  
................................  (Russian artist and architect, 1890-1941, active in Germany and Russia) [500015156]
colleague of ....  Arp, Hans  
......................  (French sculptor, painter, and collagist, 1886-1966) [500031000]
colleague of ....  Baumeister, Willi  
......................  (German painter, designer, and typographer, 1889-1955) [500022627]
colleague of ....  Dexel, Walter  
......................  (German painter and typographer, 1890-1973) [500005708]
colleague of ....  Hausmann, Raoul  
......................  (Austrian photomontagist, sculptor, author, 1886-1971) [500013293]
colleague of ....  Tschichold, Jan  
......................  (German typographer, theorist, and teacher, 1902-1974) [500125556]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Schwitters, Kurt (I)

Biographies:
(German painter, typographer, and writer, 1887-1948) ..... [VP Preferred]
(German artist, 1887-1948) ..... [AVERY]
(German artist, author, 1887-1948) ..... [BHA]
(German photographer and author; born Hanover (Germany), 1887; died Kendal (Cumbria, England, United Kingdom), 1948) ..... [CCA]
(German draughtsman, 1887-1948) ..... [GRLPSC]
(German, 1887-1948) ..... [JPGM]
(German painter, 1887-1948) ..... [PROV]
(German artist, 1887-1954) ..... [WCP]
(German artist, 1887-1954) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(German sculptor, 1887-1948) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(German artist, 1887-1948) ..... [AVERY]
(German painter, 1887-1948) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1887-1948) ..... [GRL]
(artist) ..... [GRI Special Collections]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(German artist, 1887-1948) ..... [PROV]
(German artist, 1887-1948) ..... [MoMA]
(Unknown artist) ..... [GRISC]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Kurt Schwitters ........ [CCA, GRISC, MoMA Preferred, PROV, VP, WL-Courtauld]
................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Schwitters ........ [PROV]
.......................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Schwitters, Herman Edward Karl Julius ........ [VP]
.........................................................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 3 July 2007
Schwitters, Kurt ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CCA Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPA Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, MoMA, PROV Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
..................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
..................................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-) 890164
..................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50003922
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
..................................  M. Knoedler & Co. records, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2012-)
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
..................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Schwitters, Kurt Herman Edward Karl Julius ........ [Grove Art]
..................................................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, CL-Courtauld, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPA, Grove Art, JPGM, MoMA, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Eastman House Database [online] (n.d.)
....................  Friedl, Typography (1998) 481
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n50003922
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Gorenflo, Bildenden K√ľnstler (1988)
....................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 3 July 2007
....................  Hambourg and Phillips, New Vision (1989) 90
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Knaurs Lexikon der Modernen Plastik (1961)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n50003922
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  Mellor, Germany: The New Photography (1978) 85
....................  Phaidon Dictionary of Twentieth Century Art (1973)
....................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Rosenblum, World History of Photography (1984) 394
....................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1984) 356
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, CL-Courtauld, VP]
.......... Eastman House Database [online] (n.d.)
.......... Hambourg and Phillips, New Vision (1989)
.......... Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
.......... Rosenblum, World History of Photography (1984)
.......... Wingler, The Bauhaus (1978)
.......... Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 638-639
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