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ID: 500005137
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500005137

 
Record Type: Person
Nicholson, Ben (English painter and sculptor, 1894-1982)

Note: A modernist painter and sculptor who adopted the constructivist style in the 1930s, Nicholson is known primarily for his geometric Comment on works: abstract reliefs. He studied at the Slade School of Art 1910-1911, and spent most of the years 1911-1918 abroad. He married the painter Winifred Dacre (née Roberts) in 1920, and began experimenting with Comment on works: abstract painting in 1924. Also in that year he became a member of the Seven and Five Society in 1924 and was elected president in 1926. In 1928, under the influence of Alfred Wallis, he began to paint in a primitive style. He travelled to France in 1932 and 1933 in the company of the sculptor Barbara Hepworth. There he became acquainted with Arp, Miró, Mondrian, and Calder. In 1933 both Nicholson and Hepworth were invited to join the Abstraction-Création Group in Paris. He and Hepworth were married soon after, and during this period Nicholson began to make his signature carved reliefs. In 1937 he co-edited the magazine "Circle" with Naum Gabo. In 1939 he and Hepworth relocated from London to Cornwall. The second world war interrupted their association with the international modernist movement, but Nicholson continued to develop his work, and introduced color to his reliefs and revisted landscape themes. Through the 1950s Nicholson continued to exhibit and garner awards. In 1957 he married Felicitas Vogler. They moved to Ticino in 1958. The Tate Gallery mounted his second retrospective in 1969. He left Vogler and returned to England in 1971, where he continued to work until his death in 1982. Comment on works: abstract

Names:
Nicholson, Ben (preferred,V,index,LC)
Ben Nicholson (V,display)
Nicholson, Benjamin Lauder (V)

Nationalities:
British (modern) (preferred)
English

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
printmaker
sculptor

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Denham (Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)
Died:  London (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
child of ....  Nicholson, Mabel  
..............  (British painter, 1871-1918) [500108539]
child of ....  Nicholson, William  
..............  (English painter, printmaker, 1872-1949) [500004272]
friend of ....  Newcomb, Mary  
................  (English artist, born 1922) [500022398]
member of ....  Nicholson family  
................  (British architects and artists, active 20th century) [500084213]
sibling by marriage (in-law) of ....  Nicholson, E. Q.  
......................................................  (English textile designer, 1908-1992) [500159424]
sibling of ....  Nicholson, Christopher  
..................  (British architect, 1904-1948) [500085045]
sibling of ....  Nicholson, Nancy  
..................  (British painter and textile designer, 1899-1977) [500450274]
spouse of ....  Hepworth, Barbara  married in 1931; divorced in 1951
................  (English sculptor and draftsman, 1903-1975) [500010387]
spouse of ....  Nicholson, Winifred  married in 1920
................  (English painter, 1893-1981) [500004255]
teacher of ....  Lanyon, Peter  
..................  (British painter, 1918-1964) [500014100]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Nicholson, Ben (I)

Biographies:
(English painter and sculptor, 1894-1982) ..... [VP Preferred]
(British painter and printmaker, 1894-1982) ..... [BHA]
(British, b.1894) ..... [GRLPSC]
(British painter, 1894-1982) ..... [PROV]
(British artist, 1894-) ..... [WCP]
(British artist, 1894-1982) ..... [WCI]
(British artist, 1894-1982) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(British sculptor, 1894-1982) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(British painter, 1894-1982) ..... [AVERY]
(artist, 1894-1982) ..... [GRL]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(British artist, 1894-1982) ..... [PROV]
(British artist, 1894-1982) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Ben Nicholson ........ [GRISC, MoMA Preferred, PROV]
............................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Nicholson, Ben ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPA Preferred, MoMA, PROV Preferred, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..............................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..............................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 28 Oct 2002
..............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 82239938
..............................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 370
..............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
..............................  Witt Library, Authority files
..............................  Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 495
Nicholson, Benjamin Lauder ........ [VP]
.....................................................  Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon / Artists of the World (2009-) accessed 15 November 2017

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CL-Courtauld, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPA, MoMA, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Das Kunstwerk 35/2 (1982)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n82239938
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Union List of Artist Names
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 28 Oct 2002
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Harris, The Nicholsons, Burlington (1988)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n82239938
....................  Marks, World Artists (1984)
....................  Naylor, Contemporary Artists (1989) 1989
....................  Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Art (1981)
....................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 370
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 495
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CL-Courtauld, PROV, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Getty Union List of Artist Names
.......... Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
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