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ID: 500016157
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500016157

 

Record Type: Person
Brancusi, Constantin (Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957, active in France)

Note: Born 21 February 1876; died 16 March 1957. Brancusi was trained as a sculptor in Romania before moving to Paris in 1904. There he studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts and exhibited at the Salon d'Automne. Brancusi quickly became accepted as a member of the Paris avant-garde, as his sculptures departed from the 19th century Western trend toward naturalism and eroticism, and were based instead on non-Western and so-called 'primitive' sculpture. In 1914 Alfred Stieglitz exhibited Brancusi's sculptures at his Photo-Secession gallery in New York, earning Brancusi an international reputation. His sculptures from this period were of two distinct types: elegant, abstract marble or bronze forms, such as the 'bird' sculptures based on a Romanian legend, and rougher carvings made of wood, like his series of 'endless columns'. Brancusi was also known for paying special attention to the bases on which his sculptures were displayed, believing that the pedestal was part of the sculpture itself. He is often referred to as one of the most important sculptors of the 20th century.

Names:
Brancusi, Constantin (preferred,V,index,LC,English-P,NA,U)
Brancusi, Constantin (Dutch-P,NA)
Constantin Brancusi (V,display)
Brâncuşi, Constantin (V)
Brincusi, Constantin (V)
Brîncuși, Constantin (U)
ברנקוזי, קונסטנטין (U,Hebrew-P,NA,U)
Brancusi (LU,U)
brancussi (LU,U)

Nationalities:
Romanian (preferred)
French

Roles:
artist (preferred)
sculptor
photographer
painter
draftsman
woodcarver
assemblage artist
art theorist

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Romania (Europe) (nation)

Events:
active:   from 1904  Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
assisted by ....  Noguchi, Isamu  1927-1928
....................  (American sculptor and designer, 1904-1988) [500008602]
collaborated with ....  Doicescu, Octav  
................................  (Romanian architect, 1902-1981) [500316895]
colleague of ....  Almeida Júnior, José Ferraz de  
......................  (Brazilian painter, 1850-1899) [500118186]
colleague of ....  Amaral, Tarsila do  
......................  (Brazilian painter, 1886-1973) [500008648]
colleague of ....  Modigliani, Amedeo  
......................  (Italian painter, sculptor, and draftsman, 1884-1920, active in France) [500026509]
influenced ....  Noguchi, Isamu  
....................  (American sculptor and designer, 1904-1988) [500008602]
student of ....  Georgescu, Ion  
..................  (Romanian sculptor, 1857-1899) [500084846]
student of ....  Mercié, Antonin  
..................  (French sculptor and painter, 1845-1916) [500024368]
student of ....  Rodin, Auguste  
..................  (French sculptor, 1840-1917) [500016619]
student of ....  Sabatini, Raphael  
..................  (American painter, born 1898) [500019388]
teacher of ....  Anghel, Gheorghe  
..................  (Romanian sculptor, 1904-1966) [500101884]
teacher of ....  Codreanu, Irina  
..................  (Romanian sculptor, 1896-1984, active in France) [500083645]
teacher of ....  Colvin, Marta  
..................  (Chilean sculptor, 1915-1995) [500117260]
teacher of ....  Eyre de Lanux, Elizabeth  1920-1925
..................  (American illustrator, writer, and designer, 1894-1996) [500052057]
teacher of ....  Man Ray (Emmanuel Radnitzky)  
..................  (American painter and photographer, 1890-1976) [500015030]
teacher of ....  Pogany, William Andrew  
..................  (Hungarian painter, 1882-1955) [500028831]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Brancusi, Constantin (I)

Biographies:
(Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957, active in France) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [BHA]
(Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [AVERY]
(French and Romanian photographer and sculptor; born Hobita (Romania), 1876; died Paris (France), 1957) ..... [CCA]
(Rumanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [GRLPA]
(French (b. Romania), 1876-1957) ..... [JPGM]
(Rumanian painter, 1876-1957) ..... [PROV]
(French photographer, 1876-1957, born in Romania) ..... [VP]
(Rumanian artist, 1876-1957) ..... [WCP]
(Rumanian artist, 1876-1957) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Rumanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [AVERY]
(French sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1876-1957) ..... [GRL]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(Romanian artist, 1876-1957) ..... [PROV]
(French artist, born Romania. 1876-1957) ..... [MoMA]
(Romanian artist, 1876-1957) ..... [IMJ]
(Romanian artist) ..... [PROV]
(Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [RKD]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
ברנקוזי, קונסטנטין ........ [IMJ]
....................................  Israel Museum Jerusalem database
Brancusi ........ [PROV]
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Brâncuşi, Constantin ........ [BHA Preferred]
..........................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Brancusi, Constantin ........ [AVERY Preferred, CCA Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPA Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, IMJ Preferred, JPGM Preferred, MoMA Preferred, PROV Preferred, RKD Preferred, VP Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..........................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
..........................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..........................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
..........................................  Israel Museum Jerusalem database
..........................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
..........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79127902
..........................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
..........................................  M. Knoedler & Co. records, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2012-)
..........................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
..........................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
..........................................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 12002
..........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
brancussi ........ [PROV]
....................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Brincusi, Constantin ........ [CCA]
..........................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Brîncuși, Constantin ........ [GRL]
..........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79127902
Constantin Brancusi ........ [CCA, GRISC, MoMA, PROV, VP]
........................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
........................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
........................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
........................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, CL-Courtauld, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPA, Grove Art, IMJ, JPGM, MoMA, PROV, RKD, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Auer, Encyclopédie des Photographes (1985)
....................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Brancusi photographe (1977)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  Eastman House Database [online] (n.d.)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n79127902
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Israel Museum Jerusalem database
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n79127902
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  M. Knoedler & Co. records, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2012-)
....................  Obituaries from the Times, 1951-1975 (1975-79)
....................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  RKD Artists database (2000-) 12002
....................  Vollmer, Künstler-Lexikon 20. Jahrhunderts (1953-62)
....................  Wikidata online (2000-) Q153048
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, CL-Courtauld, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Auer, Encyclopédie des Photographes (1985)
.......... Avery Authority files (1963-)
.......... Brancusi photographe (1977) 10
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 3 July 2002
.......... Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 97-99
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