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ID: 300041872
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300041872

 

Record Type: concept
bells (idiophones) (<bells and sets of bells>, percussion idiophones: hollow-bodied, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Percussion vessels consisting of a hollow object, usually of metal but in some cultures of hard clay, wood, or glass, which when struck emits a sound by the vibration of most of its mass; they are held in position at their vertex, the point farthest from their rim, and their zone of maximum vibration is towards the rim.
 
Terms:
bells (idiophones) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
bell (idiophone) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
líng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ling (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
ling (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
coyolli (C,U,C,Classical Nahuatl-P,UF,B)  ............ variant orthography
coiolli (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,N)  ............ variant orthography
coyulli (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,SN)  ............ variant orthography
cuyulli (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,N)  ............ variant orthography
tlatzilin (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,U)  ............ variant orthography
klokken (idiofonen) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
klok (idiofoon) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
bel (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
bellen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
tepoztli tlen tzilini (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,B)  ............ variant orthography, Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl
cloche (C,U,French-P,AD,U,FSN)
פעמון (C,U,Hebrew,D,N)
campane (C,U,Italian,D,U,PN)
campana (C,U,Italian-P,AD,U,SN)
campana (idiófono) (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
campanello (C,U,Italian,UF,U,U)
campanas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
cascabel (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
cascabeles (C,U,Spanish,UF,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Sound Devices (hierarchy name)
........ Sound Devices (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of sound devices (equipment)
............ sound devices (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>
................ <sound devices by acoustical characteristics> (G)
Hierarchy of idiophones
.................... idiophones (G)
Hierarchy of struck idiophones
........................ struck idiophones (G)
Hierarchy of directly struck idiophones
............................ directly struck idiophones (G)
Hierarchy of percussion idiophones
................................ percussion idiophones (G)
Hierarchy of percussion idiophones: hollow-bodied
.................................... percussion idiophones: hollow-bodied (G)
Hierarchy of <bells and sets of bells>
........................................ <bells and sets of bells> (G)
Hierarchy of bells (idiophones)
............................................ bells (idiophones) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指空心物體組成的打擊樂器,材質通常為金屬,不過在某些文化裡,亦使用硬質黏土、木頭、或玻璃製作,這些材質在敲擊時會藉由振動其大部份而發聲,提握鈴的頂部演奏,亦即離底部邊緣最遠的一端,底部邊緣部份也是振動最大的區域。 
Dutch ..... Slagvaten die bestaan uit een hol voorwerp, meestal van metaal maar in sommige culturen van harde klei, hout of glas die wanneer ze worden aangeslagen een geluid voortbrengen door de trilling van het grootste gedeelte van de massa; ze worden op hun plaats gehouden op het punt dat het verst van de rand is verwijderd, en het gebied waar ze het meest trillen ligt bij de rand. 
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl ..... Tlan tlen ica tlatzotzonah, ni ihticacahuatin huan quitahtacaniah, nochipa tlachihualli ica tepoztli huan cequi tlachihualli ica huapalli zo tehuilotl, quemman quitahtacaniah zo quihuihhuitequih pehua caquizti quence huihuitoca tlen ica nopa tlatzotzonah, motlalia chiquiltic, tlen itzala quicui nochi caquiliztli huan tlen nopa huihuitoca ya nochi neci ica huahcapa. 
Spanish ..... Instrumentos receptáculos de percusión que consisten en un objeto hueco, generalmente de metal pero en algunas culturas de arcilla dura, madera o vidrio, que al ser golpeado emite un sonido por la vibración de la mayor parte de su masa; se mantienen en posición en su vértice, el punto más alejado de su borde y su zona de máxima vibración es hacia el borde. 

Sources and Contributors:
鈴............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網
........  朗文當代大辭典
........  簡明音樂詞典
鐘............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網
........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版
........  智慧藏百科全書網
........  簡明音樂詞典
פעמון............  [IMJ]
..............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
bel............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Algemene muziekencyclopedie (1961)
bell (idiophone)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, GRI-FloCo, IMJ Preferred, VP]
.............................  AASLH data (2016-)
.............................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) bell
.............................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.............................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
.............................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
.............................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/11189; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.............................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 11189
.............................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
bellen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Algemene muziekencyclopedie (1961)
bells (idiophones)............  [GCI Preferred, GRI-FloCo Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 120962 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Avery Index (1963-) bells
...................................  Bessaraboff, Ancient European Musical Instruments (1944) IND; bells
...................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) bells
...................................  Brincard, ed., Sounding Forms (1989) illustration, GLOS, vibration pattern strongest at the rim; African sources tend to use interchangeably with "gong;" bells
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) bells
...................................  Diagram Group, Musical Instruments of the World (1976) illustration, IND; bells
...................................  Galpin Society Journal (1947-) No. 1, 15, Hornbostel-Sachs classification #111.242; bells
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
...................................  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975) bells
...................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) bells
...................................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) illustration, Vol. 1, 203; bells
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) illustration; bells
campana ()............  [CDBP-SNPC, ICCD Preferred, VP]
.......................  ICCD database (1988-)
.......................  Randel, Diccionario Harvard de Música (1997)
.......................  Tranchefort, Los Instrumentos Musicales (1994)
campanas............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.................  TAA database (2000-)
campane............  [VP]
.................  ICCD database (1988-)
campanello............  [ICCD, VP]
.......................  ICCD database (1988-)
cascabel............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
cascabeles............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
cloche............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/11189; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 11189
.................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
coiolli............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Sahagún 2012 (II) 69
.................  Seler 1927 462
coyolli............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Campbell 1985 82
.................  Karttunen 1992 43
.................  Simeon 1992 122
.................  Thouvenot 2014 90
.................  Wimmer 2020
coyulli............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Carochi 1910 73
.................  Molina 1571 (1) 26r
.................  Simeon 1992 122
cuyulli............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Campbell 1985 82
.................  Molina 1571 (1) 46v
klok (idiofoon)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Algemene muziekencyclopedie (1961)
klokken (idiofonen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Algemene muziekencyclopedie (1961)
ling............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
líng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
tepoztli tlen tzilini............  [GRI-FloCo]
......................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
tlatzilin............  [GRI-FloCo]
....................  Simeon 1992 488
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, GRI-FloCo, ICCD, IMJ, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 120962 checked 26 January 2012
............  Algemene muziekencyclopedie (1961)
............  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) precoor.; Church bells
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) precoor.; Church bells
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Galpin Society Journal (1947-) Vol. 1, 15, HSC #111.242.12; <suspended bells>
............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/11189; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) Church bells
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Algemene muziekencyclopedie (1961)
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Spanish .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)

 

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