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ID: 300150507
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300150507

 

Record Type: concept
pharaohs (monarchs, rulers (people), ... People (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the supreme rulers of ancient Egypt, who were considered kings and gods. The term is derived from the Egyptian "per-aa," meaning "great house," and originally referred to the royal palace. The term was used as a synonym or title of respect for the Egyptian king beginning in the New Kingdom, from the 18th dynasty (1539-1292 BCE) onwards. In modern usage, it generally is used as a title to refer to all ancient Egyptian kings, regardless of when they ruled.
 
Terms:
pharaohs (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
pharaoh (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
pharaoh's (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
pharaohs' (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
pharaonic (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
pharaonian (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
pharonical (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
法老 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
fǎ lǎo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
fa lao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
fa lao (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
farao's (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
farao (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
faraones (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
faraón (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HG

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of People (hierarchy name)
.... People (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of people (agents)
........ people (agents) (G)
Hierarchy of <people by occupation>
............ <people by occupation> (G)
Hierarchy of <people in government and administration>
................ <people in government and administration> (G)
Hierarchy of rulers (people)
.................... rulers (people) (G)
Hierarchy of monarchs
........................ monarchs (G)
Hierarchy of pharaohs
............................ pharaohs (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of People (hierarchy name)
.... People (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of people (agents)
........ people (agents) (G)
Hierarchy of <people by state or condition>
............ <people by state or condition> (G)
Hierarchy of aristocrats
................ aristocrats (G)
Hierarchy of nobles (aristocrats)
.................... nobles (aristocrats) (G)
Hierarchy of <nobles by gender>
........................ <nobles by gender> (G)
Hierarchy of noblemen
............................ noblemen (G)
Hierarchy of pharaohs
................................ pharaohs (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指古埃及的至高統治者,被認為是國王亦是神的化身。此詞彙源自埃及語「per-aa」,意指「偉大殿所」,原本指的是王宮。此詞彙自埃及第十八王朝(西元前1539至1292年間)起始用作埃及新王國(New Kingdom)國王的同義詞或尊稱。在現代的用法,法老則通常作為頭銜指稱所有的古埃及國王,不論其統治時期為何。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de opperste heersers van het oude Egypte, die werden beschouwd als koningen en goden. De term is afgeleid van het Egyptische woord 'per-aa', dat 'groot huis' betekent en oorspronkelijk naar het koninklijk paleis verwees. De term werd als synoniem of uiting van eerbied voor de Egyptische koning gebruikt in het Nieuwe Rijk vanaf de Achttiende Dynastie (1539-1292 v. Chr.). In het moderne taalgebruik wordt de term in het algemeen gebruikt om te verwijzen naar alle Oudegyptische koningen, ongeacht wanneer zij heersten. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a los gobernantes supremos del Antiguo Egipto quienes eran considerados reyes y dioses. El término deriva del egipcio "per-aa" que significa "gran casa" y originalmente se reería al palacio real. El término es usado como sinónimo o título de respecto para los reyes egipcios durante los inicios del Reino Nuevo, desde la dinastía XVIII (1539-1292 a.C.) en adelante. Para el uso moderno generalmente se emplea como título para referirse a todos los reyes del Antiguo Egipto, al margen de su periodo de reinado. 

Sources and Contributors:
法老............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 December 5, 2011
...........  時代雙解大辭典 p. 1296
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 December 5, 2011
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 1312
fa lao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
farao............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
faraón............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:1037
faraones............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.................  TAA database (2000-)
farao's............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
fǎ lǎo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
pharaoh............  [VP]
.................  American Heritage Dictionary (1982) 929
.................  Oxford English Dictionary (1961) "pharaoh." Accessed 2/21/01.
.................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
pharaohs............  [VP Preferred]
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term - FDA - 6/89
.................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
pharaoh's............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
pharaohs'............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
pharaonian............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
pharaonic............  [VP]
....................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
pharonical............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Pharaoh." Accessed 07/27/2001
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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