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ID: 300013200
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300013200

 

Record Type: concept
ultramarine blue (pigment) (inorganic blue pigment, blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A natural inorganic blue pigment with slight red cast made from the ground, separated blue particles (lazurite) from the gemstone lapis lazuli. It has good fade resistance, fair transparency, but poor resistance to acids. It was the most expensive pigment in Western Medieval and Renaissance painting and manuscript illumination, generally reserved for the robe of the Madonna or another prestigious figure. It darkened with age, thus the synthetic variety was developed in the 19th century; blue deposits on the walls of lime kilns had been used earlier to produce a similar pigment, "artificial ultramarine blue."
 
Terms:
ultramarine blue (pigment) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
natural ultramarine blue (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
natural ultramarine (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
genuine ultramarine (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
ultramarine (blue pigment) (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
lapis lazuli blue (ultramarine blue pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
royal blue (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
lazuline blue (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
lapis lazuli ultramarine (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
lapislazuli (ultramarine blue pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
azure (ultramarine blue pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
ultramar (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
群青藍 (顏料) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
天青藍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
海天青 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
qún qīng lán (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
qun qing lan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'ün ch'ing lan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
ultramarijnblauw (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
outremer naturel (pigment) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
outremer (pigment) (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
bleu d'azur (pigment) (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
azur d'acre (pigment) (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
pierre d'azur (pigment) (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
Ultramarinblau natürlich (pigment) (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
Ultramarinblau echt (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Ultramarinblau (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Ultramarin (pigment) (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Lazurstein (pigment) (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
azzurro oltramarino (pigmento) (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
azurro oltramarino (pigment) (C,U,Italian,UF,U,N)
azzurro ultramarino (pigmento) (C,U,Italian,UF,U,N)
oltremare (pigmento azzurro) (C,U,Italian,UF,U,N)
azurrum ultramarinum (pigment) (C,U,Latin,UF,U,N)
azurum transmarinum (pigment) (C,U,Latin,UF,U,N)
azurum ultramarine (pigment) (C,U,Latin,UF,U,N)
azzurrum ultramarine (pigment) (C,U,Latin,UF,U,N)
azzurrum transmarinum (pigment) (C,U,Latin,UF,U,N)
azuro oltramarino (pigment) (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,N)
azul ultramar (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by color>
........................ <pigment by color> (G)
Hierarchy of blue pigment
............................ blue pigment (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic blue pigment
................................ inorganic blue pigment (G)
Hierarchy of ultramarine blue (pigment)
.................................... ultramarine blue (pigment) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種具有少量紅鑄的天然無機藍色顏料,以寶石青金石磨碎、分散後的藍色粒子(藍銅礦)製成。群青藍不會褪色、透明度佳,但卻無法抗酸。這是西方中世紀和文藝復興時期繪畫和手稿彩圖中最昂貴的顏料,通常特別用來繪畫聖母瑪利亞或另個具聲望人物的袍服。因為天然群青藍會隨著時間變深,因此十九世紀時開始發展合成群青藍。之前曾利用石灰窯牆上的藍色沈澱物來製造相似的顏料,即「人造群青藍」。  

Related concepts:
derived from common source ....  ultramarine ash
..............................................  (inorganic blue pigment, blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311543]
distinguished from ....  artificial ultramarine blue (pigment)
..................................  (synthetic inorganic blue pigment, blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013240]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  lazurite
..................................................  (feldspathoid, mineral, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300209742]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  new blue
..................................................  (blue pigment, <pigment by color>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311153]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  Oriental blue
..................................................  (Prussian blue (pigment), synthetic organic blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311154]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  soluble blue
..................................................  (Prussian blue (pigment), synthetic organic blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311155]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  steel blue (Prussian blue)
..................................................  (Prussian blue (pigment), synthetic organic blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311156]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  Turnbull's blue
..................................................  (Prussian blue (pigment), synthetic organic blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311157]

Sources and Contributors:
群青藍 (顏料)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 472
天青藍............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 245
海天青............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 36
azul ultramar............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
..........................  Sanz y Gallego, Diccionario Akal del Color (2001) 140
azur d'acre (pigment)............  [VP]
......................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
azure (ultramarine blue pigment)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 138
azuro oltramarino (pigment)............  [VP]
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
...............................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
azurro oltramarino (pigment)............  [VP]
...............................................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 138
azurrum ultramarinum (pigment)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 165
azurum transmarinum (pigment)............  [VP]
..................................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
azurum ultramarine (pigment)............  [VP]
...............................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
azzurro oltramarino (pigmento)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 411
.....................................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
azzurro ultramarino (pigmento)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 165
azzurrum transmarinum (pigment)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
azzurrum ultramarine (pigment)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
bleu d'azur (pigment)............  [VP]
......................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982)
ch'ün ch'ing lan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
genuine ultramarine (pigment)............  [VP]
..................................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 139
lapislazuli (ultramarine blue pigment)............  [VP]
.................................................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982)
lapis lazuli blue (ultramarine blue pigment)............  [VP]
.......................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.......................................................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) lapis lazuli
lapis lazuli ultramarine (pigment)............  [VP]
...........................................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
lazuline blue (pigment)............  [VP]
.........................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
.........................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982)
Lazurstein (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
natural ultramarine (pigment)............  [VP]
..................................................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 166
natural ultramarine blue (pigment)............  [VP]
...........................................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 1 February 2009
oltremare (pigmento azzurro)............  [VP]
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...............................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993) oltremare (genuino)
outremer (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993) FRA; outremer (lapis)
...................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 139
outremer naturel (pigment)............  [VP]
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
...............................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 138, FRA
pierre d'azur (pigment)............  [VP]
.........................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
qun qing lan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
qún qīng lán............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
royal blue (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
ultramar (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
ultramarijnblauw............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Ultramarin (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993) DEU
Ultramarinblau............  [VP]
.............................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 139
Ultramarinblau echt............  [VP]
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Ultramarinblau natürlich (pigment)............  [VP]
...........................................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 138, DEU
ultramarine (blue pigment)............  [VP]
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...............................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 138
ultramarine blue (pigment)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 130079 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...............................................  Mayer, Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques (1981)
...............................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 410
...............................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1983)
...............................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 130079 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 7 May 2007
.......... Hartt, History of Italian Renaissance Art (1979)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 7 May 2007
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)

 

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