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ID: 300011071
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011071

 

Record Type: concept
asbestos (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A commercial term for any of several fibrous magnesium silicate minerals readily separable into thin, strong fiber that is flexible, noncombustible, heat resistant, and chemically inert; used in a wide variety of industrial products. It was used by the ancient Greeks, Egyptians, and Chinese as a fireproof material. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, asbestos was used for fireproofing and insulating houses: small asbestos fibers were mixed with binders and compressed into boards, paper, pipe covering, ironing board covers, shingles, tiles, and sprayed onto ceilings. Long asbestos fibers were woven into fabrics for used in brake linings, heat-resistant shields, gloves, and fireproof garments and blankets. Health concerns have limited the use of asbestos since the early 1960s. In the U.S., it was declared a hazardous material in 1986.
 
Terms:
asbestos (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
asbestos (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
asbestos (Portuguese-P,D,U,U)
asbestus (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
asbest (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
amiante (C,U,French-P,UF,U,N)
Asbest (C,U,German-P,D,U,U)
amianto (C,U,Portuguese,AD,SN)
asbesto (C,U,Portuguese,UF,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of mineral
.................... mineral (G)
Hierarchy of asbestos
........................ asbestos (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een commerciële term voor een bepaald soort silicaatmineraal dat gemakkelijk te verdelen is in dunne, sterke vezels die flexibel, hittebestendig en chemisch inert zijn. Het wordt gebruikt in vele industriële producten. 
Portuguese ..... Um termo comercial para qualquer um dos vários minerais silicatos fibrosos de magnésio prontamente separáveis em fibras finas e fortes que são flexíveis, não combustíveis, resistentes ao calor e quimicamente inertes; usado em uma ampla variedade de produtos industriais. Foi usado pelos antigos gregos, egípcios e chineses como material à prova de fogo. Nos séculos XIX e XX, o amianto era usado para isolamento e isolamento de casas: pequenas fibras de amianto eram misturadas com aglutinantes e comprimidas em placas, papel, revestimento de canos, tampas de tábuas de passar roupas, telhas, ladrilhos e borrifadas no teto. Longas fibras de amianto foram tecidas em tecidos para uso em lonas de freio, escudos resistentes ao calor, luvas, roupas e mantas à prova de fogo. As preocupações com a saúde limitaram o uso de amianto desde o início dos anos 60. Nos EUA, foi declarado um material perigoso em 1986. 
Spanish ..... Término comercial para un tipo de mineral silicado fácilmente separable en fibras finas y fuertes, flexibles, resistentes al calor y químicamente inertes, utilizadas en una amplia variedad de productos industriales. 

Sources and Contributors:
amiante............  [BHA, VP]
.................  BHA, Authority file (1973-2003) accessed 16 December 2004
amianto............  [CVAA-BR Preferred]
.................  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
asbest............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
Asbest............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
asbesto............  [CVAA-BR]
.................  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
asbestos............  [BHA, CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 120654 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Avery Index (1963-) source AAT
.................  BHA, Authority file (1973-2003)
.................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 64
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:269
.................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) standard subdiv.
.................  Wyllie y Argall, World Mining Glossary of Mining, Processing, and Geological Terms 22
asbestus............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, CVAA-BR, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 120654 checked 26 January 2012
............  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
Portuguese .......... [CVAA-BR]
.......... CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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