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ID: 300213477
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300213477

 

Record Type: concept
gladii (<swords by form>, swords, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: General term for the short double-edged, pointed Roman swords, originally used for thrusting only and having practically no guard, used by the infantry. Over time, versions with longer blades and a small guard developed, and they were made to execute both thrusts and cuts.
 
Terms:
gladii (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
gladii (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
gladius (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
gladius (Spanish,UF,U,SN)
gladius (Dutch,AD,U,U)
羅馬戰劍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
古羅馬短劍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
luó ma zhàn jiàn (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
luo ma zhan jian (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
lo ma chan chien (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
glaive de combat (C,U,French-P,AD,U,FSN)
gladios (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
gladio (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name)
........ Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of weapons
............ weapons (G)
Hierarchy of edged weapons
................ edged weapons (G)
Hierarchy of swords
.................... swords (G)
Hierarchy of <swords by form>
........................ <swords by form> (G)
Hierarchy of gladii
............................ gladii (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 用來泛指一種羅馬劍的詞彙,短小、具有雙邊刃口、尖銳。原本僅用來刺擊,劍柄沒有護手,為步兵團所使用。隨著時間演進,逐漸發展出劍刃較長,帶有小型護手的劍種,並且可用來進行刺擊與砍擊。 
Dutch ..... Zwaarden van romeinse oorsprong met korte tweesnijdende rechte kling, gebruikt door infanteristen. 
Spanish ..... Término general para las espadas cortas romanas de doble filo y extremo puntiagudo, originariamente usadas solamente para estocadas y prácticamente sin guarnición, por la infantería. Con el tiempo, se desarrollaron otras versiones de hojas más largas y una pequeña guarnición, para servir tanto para estocadas como para cortes. 

Sources and Contributors:
羅馬戰劍............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
古羅馬短劍............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
gladii............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Legermuseum
.................  Quick, Weapons and Military Terms (1973)
.................  Robinson, Armour of Imperial Rome (1975) IND
.................  Tarassuk and Blair, Complete Encyclopedia of Arms and Armor (1979)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
gladio............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.................  TAA database (2000-)
gladios............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.................  TAA database (2000-)
gladius............  [AASLH Preferred, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Connolly, Greece and Rome at War (1981) illustration, 232
.................  Diagram Group, Weapons (1980) illustration, 45
.................  Enciclopedia Salvat Monitor (1969) 6:2352
.................  Legermuseum
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8223; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 8223
glaive de combat............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
.............................  AASLH data (2016-)
.............................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.............................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8223; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.............................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 8223
lo ma chan chien............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
luó ma zhàn jiàn............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
luo ma zhan jian............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Legermuseum
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8223; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Legermuseum
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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