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ID: 500235723
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500235723

 

Record Type: Person
Kress, Samuel H. (American businessman, art collector, 1863-1955)

Note: Originally a Pennsylvania schoolteacher, Samuel Kress opened a stationery and notions shop in 1887, which grew to a nationwide chain, S. H. Kress & Company. His art collecting, which started when he was in his fifties, emphasized painting and sculpture from Italy. In 1929 he established the Kress Foundation to sponsor traveling exhibitions, scholarships in art history, and restorations of monuments in Italy. Abandoning plans to open his own museum of Italian Renaissance art, Samuel Kress was the first to donate his collection in response to Andrew Mellon's call for contributions to create a national art museum. In 1939 Kress gave the newly established National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC, 375 paintings and 18 sculptures, valued at 25 million dollars; he later gave additional collections.

Names:
Kress, Samuel H. (preferred,V,index,LC)
Samuel H. Kress (V,display)
Kress, Samuel Henry (U)
Samuel Henry Kress (V)
Kress, S. H. (V)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)

Roles:
businessman (preferred)
owner
merchant
collector
patron

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Cherryville (Northampton county, Pennsylvania, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  New York City (New York state, United States) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   New York City (New York state, United States) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
donor of ....  National Gallery of Art  
..............  (American art museum, Washington, DC, established 1937) [500115983]
founder of ....  Samuel H. Kress Foundation  
..................  (American foundation, New York City, contemporary) [500304334]
sibling of ....  Kress, Rush Harrison  
..................  (American businessman, patron, 1877-1963) [500356372]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Non-Artists
 ........  Kress, Samuel H. (I,U)

Biographies:
(American businessman, art collector, 1863-1955) ..... [VP Preferred]
(American owner, contemporary) ..... [AVERY]
(American businessman, 1863-1955) ..... [Grove Art]
(American businessman and collector, 1863-1955) ..... [ARTstor]
(artist, 1863-1955) ..... [GRL]
(American owner) ..... [PROV]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Kress, Samuel H. ........ [ARTstor, AVERY Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP]
.................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.................................  Bibliothèque nationale de France
.................................  Deutsche Nationalbibliothek
.................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.................................  Kress Foundation, The Kress Collection [online] (2002) accessed 9 November 2010
.................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) nr 94024820
.................................  Library of Congress/NACO
.................................  National Library of the Czech Republic
.................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
.................................  Vatican Library
Kress, Samuel Henry ........ [ARTstor Preferred, GRL, Grove Art]
.......................................  American National Biography [online] (2010)
.......................................  Bibliothèque nationale de France
.......................................  Deutsche Nationalbibliothek
.......................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) nr 94024820
.......................................  Library of Congress/NACO
.......................................  NGA
Kress, S. H. ........ [VP]
.........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "S.H. Kress," accessed 9 November 2010
Samuel Henry Kress ........ [ARTstor, VP]
.....................................  American National Biography [online] (2010)
.....................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "S.H. Kress," accessed 9 November 2010
Samuel H. Kress ........ [AVERY, Grove Art, PROV, VP]
...............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [ARTstor, AVERY, Gallery Systems, GRL, Grove Art, PROV, VP]
....................  American National Biography [online] (2010)
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "S.H. Kress," accessed 9 November 2010
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: nr94024820
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Historic preservation, 1993 Jan.-Feb., v.45, n.1 62
....................  Kress Foundation, The Kress Collection [online] (2002) accessed 9 November 2010
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: nr94024820
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Historic preservation, 1993 Jan.-Feb., v.45, n.1 62
.......... National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002)
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