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ID: 500003025
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500003025

 
Record Type: Person
Cocteau, Jean (French poet, painter, and filmmaker, 1889-1963)

Note: Cocteau considered himself a poet above all but worked in virtually every medium, including the theater and film. Some of his most important works include the poem L’Ange Heurtebise (1925); the play Orphée (1926); and the novels Les Enfants terribles (1929) and La Machine infernale (1934). His films included Le Sang d’un poète (1930) and La Belle et la bête (1946). His early life was spent in the thrall of the theater, but around 1916 he began associating with avant-garde painters and composers. His collaboration on the ballet Parade (1917) with Picasso, Satie, and Massine evolved from his personal association with both Serge Diaghilev and Picasso, whom Cocteau greatly admired.
,

Names:
Cocteau, Jean (preferred,V,index,LCO)
Jean Cocteau (V,display)
Cocteau, Clément Eugène Jean Maurice (V)
Kokto, Zhan (U)
קוקטו, ז׳אן (U)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
poet
writer
author
filmmaker
film director
draftsman
painter
printmaker
scenographer
actor(s)
librettist
novelist
muralist
playwright

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Maisons-Laffitte (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Milly-la-Forêt (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
associate of ....  Apollinaire, Guillaume  
......................  (French poet and art critic, 1880-1918) [500010539]
associate of ....  Proust, Marcel  
......................  (French writer, 1871-1922) [500247117]
associate of ....  Stravinsky, Igor  
......................  (Russian composer, 1882-1971, active in France and the United States) [500372460]
collaborated with ....  Clergue, Lucien  
................................  (French photographer, born 1934) [500115463]
collaborated with ....  Diaghilev, Serge  
................................  (Russian impresario, patron, and collector, 1872-1929) [500078133]
collaborated with ....  Picasso, Pablo  
................................  (Spanish painter, sculptor, and printmaker, 1881-1973) [500009666]
collaborated with ....  Satie, Erik  
................................  (French composer, 1866-1925) [500338521]
colleague of ....  Almeida Júnior, José Ferraz de  
......................  (Brazilian painter, 1850-1899) [500118186]
colleague of ....  Amaral, Tarsila do  
......................  (Brazilian painter, 1886-1973) [500008648]
colleague of ....  Gleizes, Albert  
......................  (French painter and author, 1881-1953) [500001380]
colleague of ....  Jacob, Max  
......................  (French poet and painter, 1876-1944) [500016649]
patron was ....  Noailles, Marie-Laure de  
..................  (French patron and painter, 1902-1970) [500128002]
related to ....  Cavalcanti, Emiliano di  
..................  (Brazilian painter and draftsman, 1897-1976) [500118122]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Cocteau, Jean (I)

Biographies:
(French poet, painter, and filmmaker, 1889-1963) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French author, artist and filmaker, 1889-1963) ..... [AVERY]
(French author, filmmaker, 1889-1963) ..... [BHA]
(French painter, 1889-1963) ..... [GRLPSC]
(French artist, 1889-1963) ..... [WCP]
(French artist, 1889-1963) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(French author, 1889-1963) ..... [AVERY]
(French writer, 1889-1963) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1889-1963) ..... [GRL]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(French artist, 1889-1963) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
קוקטו, ז׳אן ........ [GRL]
......................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79007043
Cocteau, Clément Eugène Jean Maurice ........ [GRL, Grove Art, VP]
.......................................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.......................................................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 11 August 2005
.......................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79007043
Cocteau, Jean ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPA Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, MoMA, VP Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
............................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
............................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
............................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 11 August 2005
............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79007043
............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 79007043 accessed 11 August 2005
............................  Witt Library, Authority files
Jean Cocteau ........ [GRISC, MoMA Preferred, VP]
..........................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..........................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Kokto, Zhan ........ [GRL]
........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79007043

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPA, Grove Art, MoMA, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1963)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n79007043
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 11 August 2005
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Larousse, Grand dictionnaire universel (1982)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n79007043
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 79007043 accessed 11 August 2005
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Wood, Surreal Things: Surrealism and Design (2007) 353
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
.......... Steegmuller, Cocteau, a Biography (1970)
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