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ID: 300310264
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300310264

 

Record Type: concept
Testudines (order) (Anapsida (subclass), Reptilia (class), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Members of the order of armored marine or terrestrial reptiles usually having a shell comprising a top (carapace) and a bottom (plastron) that arise from the ribs and often join one another along each side of the body, creating a rigid skeletal box, a skull without a pineal opening, and toothless jaws. Earliest examples are very ancient, dating from the Upper Triassic 215 million years ago. There are around 300 living species of turtles, terrapins, and tortoises. Some species live in and near water, although they cannot breathe or lay eggs in water.
 
Terms:
Testudines (order) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,L,N)
Testudines (orde) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Testudines (order) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
turtles (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
turtle (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
Chelonia (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Chelonia (Latin,UF,U,N)
chelonians (C,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ common term used by veterinarians to avoid confusion among non-specialists, who may consider "turtles" to refer to land animals only
龜鱉目 (目) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
guī biē mù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gui bie mu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
kuei pieh mu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
schildpadden (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Chordata (phylum)
.................... Chordata (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Vertebrata (subphylum)
........................ Vertebrata (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Reptilia (class)
............................ Reptilia (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Anapsida (subclass)
................................ Anapsida (subclass) (G)
Hierarchy of Testudines (order)
.................................... Testudines (order) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 為具外甲的海生或陸生爬蟲類。外殼通常包含上部(殼甲)與下部(腹甲),由肋骨衍生而成,殼甲與腹甲在身體兩側結合,形成一個堅固的箱型骨骼架構。牠們的頭骨上無松果體孔,且顎不具齒。最早的龜鱉類生物十分古老,可追溯至兩億一千五百萬年前的上三疊紀時期,包含約三百種現存的龜、水龜及陸龜。某些龜類雖在水中或近水之處生存,卻無法在水中呼吸或產卵。 
Dutch ..... Orde van zee- of landreptielen, gewoonlijk met een schild bestaande uit een rugschild (carapax) en een buikschild (plastron) die uit de ribben ontstaan en vaak aan de zijkanten van het lichaam aan elkaar vastzitten, waardoor een stijf skeletachtig omhulsel ontstaat. De dieren hebben geen kruinoog en geen tanden in de kaken. De eerste voorbeelden zijn zeer oud, uit het Boven-Trias, 215 miljoen jaar geleden. Er zijn ongeveer 300 levende soorten waterschildpadden, moerasschildpadden en landschildpadden. Sommige soorten leven in het water of in de buurt van water, maar kunnen onder water niet ademen of eieren leggen. 

Related concepts:
source for ....  tortoise shell
..................  (keratinous material, animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011837]
source for ....  turtle shell
..................  (keratinous material, animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300417710]

Sources and Contributors:
龜鱉目 (目)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 September 5, 2011
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 5, 2011
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 September 5, 2011
.................  脊椎動物學(上) 259
Chelonia............  [VP]
.................  McGraw-Hill AccessScience [online] (2007-)
chelonians............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
gui bie mu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
guī biē mù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kuei pieh mu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
schildpadden............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Testudines (order)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 26 September 2008
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "annotated classification," accessed 14 August 2008accessed 26 September 2008
...................................  McGraw-Hill AccessScience [online] (2007-)
...................................  Natural History Museum, London (2000-)
...................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 26 September 2008
...................................  Tree of Life Web Project (1995-) accessed 14 August 2008
turtle............  [VP]
.................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term -- MINNHS -- 14 June 1993
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 26 September 2008
turtles............  [VP]
.................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 26 September 2008
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Koninklijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, Wetenschappelijke mededelingen KNNV., Nummers 138-148, 1981
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Biodiversity Heritage Library (2005-) accessed 14 August 2008
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 14 August 2008
.......... McGraw-Hill AccessScience [online] (2007-) accessed 14 August 2008
.......... Natural History Museum, London (2000-) accessed 14 August 2008
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 26 September 2008
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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