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ID: 300054704
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300054704

 

Record Type: concept
crafts (art genres) (art genres, <genres in the visual arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to handmade articles, the creation of which required skill, dexterity, and at least a certain amount of aesthetic sensibility. Media may include textiles, ceramics, paperwork, needlework, woodworking, and others. Although there is overlap, crafts are often distinguished from "fine arts," in that the fine arts are of the media of painting, sculpture, drawing, and architecture, which were traditionally considered by many to require greater aesthetic sensibility, education, and training, even though this view may in fact be biased. Historically in Western art, the fine arts required extensive formal training and were taught primarily to males, whereas crafts were often taught at home or in an informal setting, and to females as well as to males.
 
Terms:
crafts (art genres) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
craft (art genre) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
arts and crafts (art genres) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
handicrafts (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
手工藝術 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
工藝 (藝術類型) (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
shǒu gōng yì shù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
shou gong yi shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
shou kung i shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
ambachten (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
ambacht (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,SN)
ambachtelijk werk (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
métier (craft) (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
artisanat (C,U,French,UF,U,SN)
objet artisanal (C,U,French,UF,U,SN)
Kunstgewerbe (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
Handwerk (C,U,German,AD,U,SN)
Kunsthandwerk (C,U,German,UF,U,SN)
prodotto artigianale (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)
produzione artigianale (C,U,Italian,UF,U,SN)
artigianato (C,U,Italian,UF,U,SN)
artesanato (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,SN)
artesanía (generos artísticos) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
oficio (craft) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
hantverk (C,U,Swedish,AD,U,SN)
hantverksproduktion (C,U,Swedish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <concepts in the arts and humanities>
........ <concepts in the arts and humanities> (G)
Hierarchy of <genres in the visual arts>
............ <genres in the visual arts> (G)
Hierarchy of art genres
................ art genres (G)
Hierarchy of crafts (art genres)
.................... crafts (art genres) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指的是手製的物品,其創作需要技巧、熟練度,以及一定程度的美感。媒材可能包括編織、陶藝、紙藝、繡縫、木作與其他。定義範圍雖互有重疊,手工藝術通常與「美術」仍有所區別,美術的媒材為繪畫、雕塑、素描、建築等,傳統上被多數人視為需要較佳的美感、教育、訓練等才能駕馭,雖然事實上這個觀點可能是偏頗的。在歷史上西方藝術、美術需要大量的正式訓練,且主要是傳授給男性,而手工藝術則經常是在家中或非正式的場合中,傳授給女性與男性。 
Dutch ..... Het vervaardigen van handgemaakte artikelen en die artikelen zelf. 
Portuguese ..... Refere-se a artigos artesanais, cuja criação exigia habilidade, destreza e pelo menos uma certa sensibilidade estética. A mídia pode incluir tecidos, cerâmica, papelada, bordado, marcenaria e outros. Embora haja sobreposição, o artesanato geralmente se distingue das "belas artes", na medida em que as artes são da mídia de pintura, escultura, desenho e arquitetura, que eram tradicionalmente consideradas por muitos como exigindo maior sensibilidade estética, educação e treinamento. , mesmo que essa visão possa de fato ser tendenciosa. Historicamente, na arte ocidental, as artes plásticas exigiam treinamento formal extensivo e eram ensinadas principalmente aos homens, enquanto o artesanato era frequentemente ensinado em casa ou em um ambiente informal, tanto às mulheres quanto aos homens. 
Spanish ..... La actividad, y sus productos, de crear artículos hechos a mano. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  artisans
..................  (makers, <people by activity>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300386205]
created by ....  craftsmen
..................  (<people in crafts and trades>, <people by occupation>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300025389]
distinguished from ....  fine art (art genre)
..................................  (art genres, <genres in the visual arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300411640]

Sources and Contributors:
手工藝術............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 789
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 31
工藝 (藝術類型)............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  朗文當代大辭典 p. 401
....................  牛津當代大辭典 p. 398
....................  英漢藝術詞典 p. 90
....................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 118
ambacht............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
ambachtelijk werk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
ambachten............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
artesanato............  [CVAA-BR Preferred]
.......................  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
artesanía (generos artísticos)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.....................................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:261
artigianato............  [VP]
.......................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
artisanat............  [VP]
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
arts and crafts (art genres)............  [VP]
...............................................  Contributed as a candidate term AATA - 4/91; arts and crafts
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...............................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989) arts and crafts
...............................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) arts and crafts
...............................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) arts and crafts
craft (art genre)............  [VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
crafts (art genres)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 122429 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Crafts (Handicrafts)
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
...................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
handicrafts............  [VP]
.......................  UNESCO Thesaurus (1977) 2:203
.......................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
Handwerk............  [VP]
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
hantverk............  [VP]
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
hantverksproduktion............  [VP]
...................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Kunstgewerbe............  [Belvedere Preferred, VP]
.......................  Archiv des Belvedere database: Künstlerdokumentation (n.d.)
Kunsthandwerk............  [VP]
..........................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
métier (craft)............  [VP]
.............................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
objet artisanal............  [VP]
.............................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
oficio (craft)............  [VP]
.............................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
prodotto artigianale............  [VP]
...................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
produzione artigianale............  [VP]
.........................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
shou gong yi shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
shǒu gōng yì shù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
shou kung i shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CVAA-BR, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 122429 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) handicraft
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Handicraft
............  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) arts & crafts
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) 114; Decorative arts
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.......... Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) 469
.......... Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1986) 528
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Portuguese .......... [CVAA-BR]
.......... CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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