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ID: 300380296
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300380296

 

Record Type: concept
byssus (<textile materials by composition or origin>, textile materials, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Term used in ancient times for a fiber (and by extension, fabric) highly prized for its fineness, which was once the basis of a small textile manufacturing industry centered around the Italian Mediterranean. 'Byssus' was used to describe a variety of substances, leading to confusion and controversy over its proper denotation. Some scholars view byssus as simply a generic term covering a host of fiber proteins and products manufactured from them; others insist that the term specifically describes shellfish derived 'sea-silk'. Usage extends to both.
 
Terms:
byssus (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
bissus (C,U,English,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by physical form>
................ <materials by physical form> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber and fiber by product>
.................... <fiber and fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber by product>
........................ <fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of textile materials
............................ textile materials (G)
Hierarchy of <textile materials by composition or origin>
................................ <textile materials by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of byssus
.................................... byssus (G)

Sources and Contributors:
bissus............  [GCI, VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 22 January 2013
byssus............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) accessed 22 January 2013
.................  ICCROM Library Database [online] (2012-) accessed 22 January 2013
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 22 January 2013
.................  Sroka, Precious Fiber Materials Used in Antiquity: Is the Biblical Byssus Shell Silk?, Restauro (1995) title
 
Subject: .....  [VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [GCI, VP]
.......... AATA database (2002-) accessed 22 January 2013
.......... ICCROM Library Database [online] (2012-) accessed 22 January 2013
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 22 January 2013
.......... Sroka, Precious Fiber Materials Used in Antiquity: Is the Biblical Byssus Shell Silk?, Restauro (1995) 338-342

 

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