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ID: 300380296
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300380296

 

Record Type: concept
byssus (<textile materials by composition or origin>, textile materials, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Term used in ancient times for a fiber (and by extension, fabric) highly prized for its fineness, which was once the basis of a small textile manufacturing industry centered around the Italian Mediterranean. 'Byssus' was used to describe a variety of substances, leading to confusion and controversy over its proper denotation. Some scholars view byssus as simply a generic term covering a host of fiber proteins and products manufactured from them; others insist that the term specifically describes shellfish derived 'sea-silk'. Usage extends to both.
 
Terms:
byssus (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
byssus (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
bissus (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
zeezijde (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by physical form>
................ <materials by physical form> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber and fiber by product>
.................... <fiber and fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber by product>
........................ <fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of textile materials
............................ textile materials (G)
Hierarchy of <textile materials by composition or origin>
................................ <textile materials by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of byssus
.................................... byssus (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een term die in de oudheid werd gebruikt voor vezels (en de daarvan gemaakte stof) die door zijn fijnheid zeer hoog gewaardeerd werden, en die ooit de basis vormden voor een kleine textielindustrie rond het Italiaanse Middellandse Zeegebied. Met 'byssus' werden verschillende materialen aangeduid, waardoor verwarring en controverse is ontstaan over de precieze betekenis van het woord. Volgens sommige geleerden is het simpelweg een algemene term, waarmee een scala aan vezelprote├»nen en de daarvan gemaakte producten aangeduid werden; anderen stellen dat de term specifiek verwijst naar 'zeezijde' dat van schaaldieren gemaakt werd. Het gebruik van de term hier omvat beide betekenissen. 

Sources and Contributors:
bissus............  [GCI, VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 22 January 2013
byssus............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  AATA database (2002-) accessed 22 January 2013
.................  ICCROM Library Database [online] (2012-) accessed 22 January 2013
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 22 January 2013
.................  Sroka, Precious Fiber Materials Used in Antiquity: Is the Biblical Byssus Shell Silk?, Restauro (1995) title
.................  UvA Talen
zeezijde............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  UvA Talen
 
Subject: .....  [VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [GCI, VP]
.......... AATA database (2002-) accessed 22 January 2013
.......... ICCROM Library Database [online] (2012-) accessed 22 January 2013
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 22 January 2013
.......... Sroka, Precious Fiber Materials Used in Antiquity: Is the Biblical Byssus Shell Silk?, Restauro (1995) 338-342
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... UvA Talen

 

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