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ID: 300374820
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300374820

 

Record Type: concept
Caesalpinia (genus) (Fabaceae (family), Fabales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Genus containing 70-165 tropical and subtropical woody plants. In ancient and medieval times, the brazilwood was imported to Europe from the Middle East (Caesalpinia braziliensis and other species). Caesalpinia echinata (called pau-brasil in Portuguese) is indigenous to the Brazilian coast and played a role in the naming of that country; it was an important wood and dye export from South America beginning in the 17th century. Its hard, red-color wood is used for violins and high quality furniture. It accepts a high polish. The wood contains the colorant brasilin, a hydroxyanthraquinone, that gives a deep red to brownish color. Brazilwood dye, has been used for textile and leather dyes, inks, paints, varnish tints, and wood stains.
 
Terms:
Caesalpinia (genus) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Caesalpinia (genus) (Dutch-P,D,U,N)
Caesalpinia (genus) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
brazilwood genus (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
Brazil-wood genus (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
雲實屬 (屬) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
蘇木屬 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
yún shí shǔ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
yun shi shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
yün shih shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
brazielhout (genus) (C,U,C,Dutch,AD,U,U)
palo de Brasil (genus) (C,U,C,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Magnoliopsida (class)
........................ Magnoliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosanae (superorder)
............................ Rosanae (superorder) (G)
Hierarchy of Fabales (order)
................................ Fabales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Fabaceae (family)
.................................... Fabaceae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Caesalpinia (genus)
........................................ Caesalpinia (genus) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 包含70至165種熱帶與亞熱帶木本植物。在遠古與中世紀,巴西蘇木(巴西蘇木Caesalpinia braziliensis與其他品種)由中東出口至歐洲。巴西蘇木(Caesalpinia echinata,葡萄牙文為pau-brasil)原生於巴西海岸,巴西的國名也與此樹有關;西元十七世紀初,巴西蘇木木材與染料便是南美洲重要的出口商品。其堅硬的紅木用於製作小提琴與高級家具。此種木材可高度磨光。木材中含有巴西木素著色劑,一種羥基蒽醌,可染出深紅色至褐色調。巴西蘇木染料應用於織品與皮革染劑、墨水、顏料、亮光劑與木材染劑等。 

Related concepts:
source for ....  brazilwood (wood)
..................  (hardwood, <wood by composition or origin>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300012013]
source for ....  brazilwood dye
..................  (vegetable dye, natural dye, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300374826]

Sources and Contributors:
雲實屬 (屬)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 August 19, 2014
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 19, 2014
蘇木屬............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 August 19, 2014
brazielhout (genus)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
brazilwood genus............  [VP]
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977)
.............................  Stein, Construction Glossary (1980)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Brazil-wood genus............  [VP]
................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Caesalpinia (genus)............  [VP Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977)
...................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
...................................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
...................................  Smithsonian Collections Search Center (2009-)
palo de Brasil (genus)............  [VP]
.........................................  TAA database (2000-)
yün shih shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
yun shi shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
yún shí shǔ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "brazilwood." Accessed 10/16/01
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)

 

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