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ID: 300343671
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300343671

 

Record Type: concept
Picea (genus) (Pinaceae (family), Pinales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Genus of around 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, order Pinales, found in northern temperate and boreal. Mature trees may be 20-60 m (66-200 feet) tall. They are distinguished from similar genera by whorled branches, conical form, with needle-like leaves attached singly to the branches in a spiral fashion, and rough rather than smooth branches. As needles are shed throughout the life of the tree, the branches retain a rough appearance from the pulvinus, to which the needles had been attached. Comprises around 40 species of evergreen ornamental and timber trees native to the temperate and cold regions of the Northern Hemisphere. They are pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark.
 
Terms:
Picea (genus) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Picea (genus) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Picea (genus) (Latin,D,U,N)
spruce (genus) (C,U,LC,C,English,AD,U,N)
spruces (genus) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
雲杉屬 (屬) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
yún shān shǔ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
yun shan shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
yün shan shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
épicéa (genus) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
picea (genus) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Coniferophyta (division)
.................... Coniferophyta (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Pinopsida (class)
........................ Pinopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Pinales (order)
............................ Pinales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Pinaceae (family)
................................ Pinaceae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Picea (genus)
.................................... Picea (genus) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 屬名,包含約35種常綠針葉樹,屬於松科、松柏目,可見於北溫帶區和北極區。成樹高度可達20至60公尺(66至200英呎)。它們和相似屬的不同之處在於輪生的樹枝,呈圓錐形,針狀的樹葉以螺旋狀一片一片附著在樹枝上,樹枝較為粗糙,並不平滑。在樹木的一生中都會有針葉掉落,樹枝從葉枕(針葉附著之處)部分就維持粗糙的外觀。此屬由大約四十種常綠觀賞植物和可作木材的喬木所組成,是北半球溫帶和寒冷地區的原生種。雲杉是金字塔形的樹木,有著輪生的樹枝和細薄、鱗片狀的樹皮。 
Dutch ..... Genus van ongeveer 35 soorten naaldachtige groenblijvende bomen uit de familie Pinaceae, orde Pinales, die voorkomen in noordelijke en Arctische gebieden. Volgroeide bomen kunnen 20-60 meter hoog worden. Ze zijn te onderscheiden van vergelijkbare geslachten door de spiraalvormige takken, de conische vorm met naaldachtige bladeren die in een spiraalpatroon afzonderlijk zijn bevestigd aan de takken en het feit dat de takken ruw zijn in plaats van glad. Omdat de naalden gedurende de gehele levensduur van de boom uitvallen, geven de bladkussentjes waar de naalden aan waren bevestigd de takken een blijvend ruw uiterlijk. Het genus bestaat uit ongeveer 40 soorten groenblijvende sier- en productiebomen, inheems in de gematigde en koude streken van het noordelijk halfrond. Het zijn piramidevormige bomen met spiraalvormige takken en een dunne schilferige schors. 

Related concepts:
source for ....  spruce (wood)
..................  (softwood, <wood by composition or origin>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300012726]

Sources and Contributors:
雲杉屬 (屬)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 June 18, 2014
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 June 18, 2014
épicéa (genus)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
picea (genus)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
..........................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:665
Picea (genus)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 11 August 2009
..........................  Encyclopedia of Life online (2008-)
..........................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
..........................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
..........................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (2002)
spruce (genus)............  [VP]
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 741
.............................  Britannica Student Encyclopedia Online (2002-)
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
spruces (genus)............  [VP]
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
yun shan shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
yún shān shǔ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
yün shan shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  CHIN database (1988-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 13 November 2007; "Spruce," accessed 11 August 2009
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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