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ID: 300310320
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300310320

 

Record Type: concept
Primates (order) (Mammalia (class), Vertebrata (subphylum), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Order containing around 300 or more species in 16 families including humans, apes, monkeys, lemurs, and kin, characterized in general by relatively rounded skulls, flattened faces, short jaws and noses, forward-facing eyes, and an opposable digit on hands and feet (except in humans), and most of which are are are descended from agile tree-dwellers, illustrated in features of the skull, teeth, and limbs. Several species, including Homo sapiens, no longer live in trees but nonetheless retain many of these features. The brains of primates have a unique fissure, called the Calcarine sulcus, which separates the first and second visual areas on each side of the brain. Only primates have flat nails, rather than the claws and hooves of other mammals, and opposable digits. Most modern primate species live in the tropics or subtropics, although a few also inhabit temperate regions. The earliest primates date to the Early Eocene Epoch (54.8 million to 49 million years ago) or perhaps to the Late Paleocene Epoch (57.9 million to 54.8 million years ago).
 
Terms:
Primates (order) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,L,N)
Primates (order) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
Primates (orde) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
primates (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
primate (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
humans, apes, monkeys, lemurs, and kin (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
靈長目 (目) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
líng zhǎng mù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ling zhang mu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ling chang mu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
primaten (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Chordata (phylum)
.................... Chordata (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Vertebrata (subphylum)
........................ Vertebrata (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Mammalia (class)
............................ Mammalia (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Primates (order)
................................ Primates (order) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Chordata (phylum)
.................... Chordata (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Vertebrata (subphylum)
........................ Vertebrata (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Mammalia (class)
............................ Mammalia (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Placentalia (subclass)
................................ Placentalia (subclass) (G)
Hierarchy of Primates (order)
.................................... Primates (order) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 含十六科三百多物種的目,包括人類、人猿、猴子、狐猴與其近親;一般特徵為圓顱骨、扁臉、短顎與短鼻、面前的眼睛,除了人類皆具對向的手指與腳趾。從顱骨、牙齒與四肢的特徵可看出,大部分靈長目動物源於行動敏捷的樹棲動物,現今即使智人在內的數個品種,已不再居住於樹上,卻仍保有許多樹棲動物的特徵。靈長目動物的大腦有一條特有的裂縫,稱為禽距溝,這條裂縫分隔大腦兩側的第一與第二視覺區。哺乳類動物中,唯有靈長目具有扁平的指甲,而非爪子或蹄,牠們也具有對向指。大部分的現代靈長類動物居住於熱帶或亞熱帶地區,但有些也居住於溫帶地區。最早的靈長類動物可追溯至始新世早期(5480萬至4900萬年前),或古新世晚期(5790萬年至5480萬年前)。 
Dutch ..... Orde van 16 families met ten minste ongeveer 300 soorten, waaronder de mens, mensapen, apen, lemuren en verwante soorten. Gewoonlijk hebben ze relatief ronde schedels, platte gezichten, korte kaken en neuzen, naar voren gerichte ogen en een opponeerbare vinger aan de handen en een opponeerbare teen aan de voeten (behalve bij mensen). De meeste soorten zijn afstammelingen van behendige boombewoners. Dit blijkt uit de kenmerken van de schedel, de tanden en de ledematen. Diverse soorten, zoals Homo sapiens, leven niet meer in bomen, maar hebben nog steeds veel van deze kenmerken. De hersenen van primaten hebben een unieke kloof, de fissura calcarina, tussen de primaire en secundaire visuele gebieden aan beide zijden van de hersenen. En alleen primaten hebben platte nagels en geen klauwen en hoeven, zoals andere zoogdieren. De meeste moderne primaten leven in de tropen of subtropen, maar enkele soorten komen ook voor in gematigde gebieden. De eerste primaten verschenen in het Vroeg-Eoceen (54,8 miljoen tot 49 miljoen jaar geleden) of misschien het Laat-Paleoceen (57,9 miljoen tot 54,8 miljoen jaar geleden). 

Sources and Contributors:
靈長目 (目)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 September 6, 2011
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 6, 2011
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 September 6, 2011
.................  脊椎動物學(上) 102
humans, apes, monkeys, lemurs, and kin............  [VP]
.................................................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 19 August 2008
ling chang mu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ling zhang mu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
líng zhǎng mù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
primate............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
primaten............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
primates............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Primates (order)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 19 August 2008
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "annotated classification," accessed 19 August 2008"Obligatory hierarchy of ranks," accessed 15 February 2006
.............................  Natural History Museum, London (2000-) accessed 19 August 2008
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 19 August 2008
.............................  Taxonomicon: Systema Naturae (1989-2005)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Primate," accessed 15 May 2006
............  Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal (2009)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Animal Diversity Web (1995-) Meyers, Phil, accessed 31 August 2006
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "annotated classification," accessed 19 August 2008; "Primate," accessed 15 May 2006
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 19 August 2008
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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