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ID: 300265406
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300265406

 

Record Type: concept
sodium (sodium) (<sodium and sodium compounds>, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A soft, waxy, light, extremely malleable, silvery-white, unstable metallic element of the alkali group. It has the symbol Na in the periodic table and the atomic number 11. Sodium is the most common alkali metal and the sixth most abundant element on Earth. It appears only as a compound with other elements in nature. It has a strong affinity for oxygen and other nonmetallic elements. It is highly reactive, burns with a yellow flame, oxidizes in air, and reacts violently with water. Sodium provides the chief cation (positive ion) of extracellular body fluids. It is an essential nutrient in animals; it helps to maintain blood volume, regulate the balance of water in the cells, and keeps nerves functioning.
 
Terms:
sodium (sodium) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
natrium (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
natrium (Latin-P,UF,U,N)
natrium (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Na (sodium) (C,U,A,undetermined,UF,U,N)  ............ symbol in periodic table

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of <sodium and sodium compounds>
.................... <sodium and sodium compounds> (G)
Hierarchy of sodium (sodium)
........................ sodium (sodium) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by chemical form>
................ <materials by chemical form> (G)
Hierarchy of elements (chemical substances)
.................... elements (chemical substances) (G)
Hierarchy of sodium (sodium)
........................ sodium (sodium) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Zacht, wasachtig, licht, zeer kneedbaar, zilverwit, instabiel metaalhoudend element uit de alkaligroep. Natrium heeft symbool Na in het periodiek systeem, en atoomnummer 11. Natrium is het meest voorkomende alkalimetaal, en is het op vijf na meest voorkomende element op aarde. In de natuur komt natrium uitsluitend in verbindingen met andere stoffen voor. De stof heeft een sterke affiniteit voor zuurstof en andere niet-metaalhoudende elementen. Natrium is sterk reactief, verbrandt met een gele vlam, oxideert bij blootstelling aan lucht en reageert heftig met water. Natrium is het belangrijkste kation (positief ion) van extracellulaire lichaamsvloeistoffen. Natrium is een essentiĆ«le voedingsstof voor dieren; het draagt bij tot de instandhouding van het bloedvolume, reguleert de waterbalans in cellen en zorgt ervoor dat zenuwen blijven functioneren. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  salt (inorganic material)
..................................  (inorganic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300183627]

Sources and Contributors:
Na (sodium)............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
natrium............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 12 May 2005
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
sodium (sodium)............  [VP Preferred]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 12 May 2005
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 12 May 2005
.............................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
 
Subject: .....  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)

 

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