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ID: 300265406
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300265406

 

Record Type: concept
sodium (sodium) (<sodium and sodium compounds>, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A soft, waxy, light, extremely malleable, silvery-white, unstable metallic element of the alkali group. It has the symbol Na in the periodic table and the atomic number 11. Sodium is the most common alkali metal and the sixth most abundant element on Earth. It appears only as a compound with other elements in nature. It has a strong affinity for oxygen and other nonmetallic elements. It is highly reactive, burns with a yellow flame, oxidizes in air, and reacts violently with water. Sodium provides the chief cation (positive ion) of extracellular body fluids. It is an essential nutrient in animals; it helps to maintain blood volume, regulate the balance of water in the cells, and keeps nerves functioning.
 
Terms:
sodium (sodium) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
natrium (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
natrium (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
natrium (Latin-P,UF,U,N)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
na (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
na (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
Na (sodium) (C,U,A,undetermined,UF,U,N)  ............ symbol in periodic table

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of <sodium and sodium compounds>
.................... <sodium and sodium compounds> (G)
Hierarchy of sodium (sodium)
........................ sodium (sodium) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by chemical form>
................ <materials by chemical form> (G)
Hierarchy of elements (chemical substances)
.................... elements (chemical substances) (G)
Hierarchy of sodium (sodium)
........................ sodium (sodium) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種質軟、光滑、質輕、具極度延展性、不穩定的銀白色鹼組金屬元素。其在元素週期表中化學符號為Na,原子序號為11。鈉是最常見的鹼性金屬,也是地球上第六豐富的元素。天然情況下只與其它元素以合成物形式存在,與氧氣和其它非金屬元素間存有強烈親合力。其具高度活性,燃燒時會產生黃色火焰,在空氣中會氧化,與水的作用劇烈。鈉提供細胞外體液中的主要陽離子(正離子),以及動物必須的營養。可幫助維持血液量,調節細胞中的水平衡,以及保持神經功能。 
Dutch ..... Zacht, wasachtig, licht, zeer kneedbaar, zilverwit, instabiel metaalhoudend element uit de alkaligroep. Natrium heeft symbool Na in het periodiek systeem, en atoomnummer 11. Natrium is het meest voorkomende alkalimetaal, en is het op vijf na meest voorkomende element op aarde. In de natuur komt natrium uitsluitend in verbindingen met andere stoffen voor. De stof heeft een sterke affiniteit voor zuurstof en andere niet-metaalhoudende elementen. Natrium is sterk reactief, verbrandt met een gele vlam, oxideert bij blootstelling aan lucht en reageert heftig met water. Natrium is het belangrijkste kation (positief ion) van extracellulaire lichaamsvloeistoffen. Natrium is een essentiële voedingsstof voor dieren; het draagt bij tot de instandhouding van het bloedvolume, reguleert de waterbalans in cellen en zorgt ervoor dat zenuwen blijven functioneren. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  salt (inorganic material)
..................................  (inorganic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300183627]

Sources and Contributors:
鈉............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 December 14, 2009
........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 P1536
........  牛津當代大辭典 P1757
Na (sodium)............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
na............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
nà............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
natrium............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 12 May 2005
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
sodium (sodium)............  [VP Preferred]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 12 May 2005
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 12 May 2005
.............................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)

 

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