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ID: 300025988
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300025988

 

Record Type: concept
guilds (associations, organizations (groups), Organizations (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to sworn confraternities, brotherhoods, or associations formed for the mutual aid, protection of its members, or for the furtherance of professional interests. In the context of art and related disciplines, it refers to associations of artists, craftsmen, tradesmen, or merchants, which flourished in Europe between the 11th and 16th centuries and formed an important part of the economic and social fabric of this period. Most guilds were associated with a particular town or city. Guilds often monitored training, standards of production, and the welfare of their members. Guilds also provided significant patronage of the arts.
 
Terms:
guilds (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
guild (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
gilds (associations) (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
gild (association) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
行會 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
同業公會 (中世紀組織) (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
基爾特 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
áng huì (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ang hui (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ang hui (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
gilden (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
gilde (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
gremios (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
gremio (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HN

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Organizations (hierarchy name)
.... Organizations (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of organizations (groups)
........ organizations (groups) (G)
Hierarchy of associations
............ associations (G)
Hierarchy of guilds
................ guilds (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指宣誓加入之協會、兄弟會或聯盟;其組成目的在於提供互助、保護成員,或增進其專業利益。在藝術與相關學科的範疇中,行會指的是藝術家、工匠、商販或商人所組成的聯盟。此類行會於十一世紀至十六世紀期間盛行於歐洲,成為當時經濟與社會結構中重要的一部分。大多數行會與某特定鄉鎮或城市有所關聯。行會通常負責監控訓練、生產標準及其成員之福利。行會亦為藝術提供可觀的資助。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar gezworen fraterniteiten, broederschappen of verenigingen, gevormd voor de wederzijdse steun en bescherming van de leden of de behartiging van beroepsmatige belangen. In de kunst en aanverwante vakgebieden verwijst de term naar verenigingen van kunstenaars, handwerksmannen, ambachtslieden of handelaren, die hun bloeitijd kenden in Europa tussen de 11de en 16de eeuw en in die periode een belangrijk onderdeel vormden van de economische en sociale structuur. De meeste gilden hadden betrekking op een bepaalde stad. Gilden waakten meestal over de opleiding, de productienormen en het welzijn van hun leden. Gilden verschaften ook aanzienlijke steun aan de kunsten. 
Spanish ..... Refiérase a las confraternidades, o a las asociaciones formadas para la ayuda mutua, protección de sus miembros, o para el fomento de intereses profesionales. En el contexto del arte y de las disciplinas relacionadas, refiere a asociaciones de artistas, de artesanos, de comerciantes, o de los comerciantes, que prosperaron en Europa entre los siglos XI y XVI los cuales formaron una parte importante de la vida económica y social de ese período. La mayoría de los gremios fueron asociados a una ciudad o a una ciudad particular. Los gremios supervisaron a menudo el entrenamiento, estándares de la producción, y el bienestar de sus miembros. Los gremios también proporcionaron el patrocinio significativo de los artes. 

Related concepts:
involved with ....  guild boards
........................  (<signs by context>, signs (declatory or advertising artifacts), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300391168]
involved with ....  guild lists (documents)
........................  (membership lists, <lists by subject>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300395471]

Sources and Contributors:
行會............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 July 15, 2011
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 1, 2011
同業公會 (中世紀組織)............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 181
.......................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 208
.......................  雄獅西洋美術辭典 p. 973
基爾特............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 1, 2011
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 1, 2011
ang hui............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
áng huì............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
gild (association)............  [VP]
...................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
gilde............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
gilden............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
gilds (associations)............  [VP]
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
gremio............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1422
gremios............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
guild............  [VP]
..............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
guilds............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 124438 checked 26 January 2012
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.................  Rubinstein, Florentine Studies (1968)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) 1009
.................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124438 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.......... Rubinstein, Florentine Studies (1968)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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