The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 300020086
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300020086

 

Record Type: concept
Archaic (Greek culture or period) (Ancient Greek (culture or style), Aegean periods, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the period, culture, and art of ancient Greece that begins around the mid-eighth century BCE and ends in the early fifth century BCE, with the Persian invasion. It is characterized by the introduction of the alphabet from Phoenicia, the establishment of important city states and colonies, the establishment of the open square, or agora, in city planning, and distinctive styles in painting, sculpture, and architecture. In vase painting, the stylized beasts of the Orientalizing period were replaced by more naturalistic figures in Black-figure and then Red-figure styles. In sculpture, more naturalistic forms developed from the stiff, canonical Egyptian figures of the Orientalizing period. In architecture, the Doric and Ionic orders were developed.
 
Terms:
Archaic (Greek culture or period) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Archaic Greek (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Archaic period (Greek culture or period) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
古風時期 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
古拙時期 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
古樸風格 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
古拙的 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
gǔ fēng shí qǐ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gu feng shi qi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ku feng shih ch'i (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
archaïsch (Grieks) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
archaïque -- Grèce (C,U,French-P,D,U,A)
Arcaico (griego) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of Mediterranean (Early Western World)
................ Mediterranean (Early Western World) (G)
Hierarchy of Aegean
.................... Aegean (G)
Hierarchy of Aegean periods
........................ Aegean periods (G)
Hierarchy of Ancient Greek (culture or style)
............................ Ancient Greek (culture or style) (G)
Hierarchy of Archaic (Greek culture or period)
................................ Archaic (Greek culture or period) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指稱於西元前八世紀中期開始發展,結束於西元前五世紀早期受波斯(Persian)入侵的古希臘時代、文化與藝術。此時期的特徵為自腓尼基引進字母表、諸多重要城邦與殖民地的建立、在都市計畫中規劃設立開放式的廣場,或稱為古希臘廣場(agora),以及在繪畫、雕塑品與建築上發展出的諸多獨特風格。在花瓶畫上,東方時期的風格化野獸後被黑繪式及紅繪式風格中更為自然寫實的人像所取代。在雕塑品方面,則由東方化時期較僵硬且標準化的埃及人像發展至更自然寫實的形式。在建築方面,則發展出多利克式(Doric)與愛奧尼亞式(Ionic)的建築柱式。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de periode, cultuur en kunst van het oude Griekenland die begint rond het midden van de 8ste eeuw v. Chr. en eindigt in de vroege 5de eeuw v. Chr. met de Perzische invasie. Deze stijl kenmerkt zich door de introductie van het alfabet vanuit Foenicië, de stichting van belangrijke stadstaten en kolonies, het ontstaan van het openbare plein –de agora – in het ontwerp van steden, en typische stijlen in de schilderkunst, beeldhouwkunst en architectuur. In de vaasschilderkunst werden de gestileerde dieren uit de oriëntaliserende periode vervangen door meer naturalistische figuren in de zwartfigurige en later de roodfigurige stijl. In de beeldhouwkunst ontwikkelden zich meer naturalistische vormen vanuit de stijve, orthodoxe Egyptische figuren uit de oriëntaliserende periode. In de architectuur kwamen de Dorische en de Ionische bouworde tot ontwikkeling. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al período, cultura y arte de Grecia antigua que empieza alrededor de mediados y fines del siglo VIII a.C y principios del siglo V a.C, con la invasión Persa. Se caracteriza por la introducción del alfabeto Fenicio, el establecimiento de importantes ciudades estados y colonias, el establecimiento de la plaza pública o ágora, en el plano de la ciudad y estilos distintivos en pintura, escultura y arquitectura. En la pintura de vasijas, las bestias estilizadas del período orientalizante fueron reemplazadas por figuras más naturalistas en los estilos de figuras en negro y luego en figuras en rojo. En escultura, las formas más naturalistas evolucionaron de las figuras egipcias canónicas y rígidas del período de orientalización. En arquitectura, se desarrollaron los órdenes dóricos y jónicos. 

Sources and Contributors:
古風時期............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 26
古拙時期............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 26
古樸風格............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  世界藝術史 p. 888
古拙的............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  劍橋藝術史-希臘與羅馬 p. 130
Arcaico (griego)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Boardman, El Arte Griego (1996) 76
.............................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997) 26
.............................  Historia del Arte (1984) 33
Archaic (Greek culture or period)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
........................................................  AATA database (2002-) 120515 checked 26 January 2012
........................................................  Boardman, Greek Art (1973) 59; Archaic
........................................................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term - AATA - 5/91; Archaic
........................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
........................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Greece, ancient: History, Archaic." Accessed 09/14/99.; Archaic
........................................................  Janson, History of Art (1986) 107; Archaic
........................................................  Janson, History of Art (1997) 114; Archaic
........................................................  Pollitt, Art and Experience in Classical Greece (1980) 24; Archaic
Archaic Greek............  [VP]
..........................  Boardman, Greek Art (1996)
Archaic period (Greek culture or period)............  [VP]
.................................................................  Fagan and Beck, Oxford Companion to Archaeology (1996) 256
.................................................................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1986)
.................................................................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1996) 124
.................................................................  Richter, Handbook of Greek Art (1974) 27
archaïque -- Grèce............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
...................................  CHIN database (1988-)
archaïsch (Grieks)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Bijvanck, Kunst der Oudheid (1949)
gǔ fēng shí qǐ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
gu feng shi qi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
ku feng shih ch'i............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 120515 checked 26 January 2012
............  Bijvanck, Kunst der Oudheid (1949)
............  CHIN database (1988-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Bijvanck, Kunst der Oudheid (1949)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust