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ID: 300014329
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300014329

 

Record Type: concept
soap (organic material) (organic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A water-dispersible cleansing and emulsifying agent produced by the saponification reaction of long chain fatty acids, such as found in oils and fats, with an alkali, such as sodium hydroxide or lye. Soaps made from animal fat and wood ashes have been used since antiquity. Although soap was made at home for laundry purposes from the European Middle Ages to early modern times, cake soap was a luxury product that came into common use only in the 19th century.
 
Terms:
soap (organic material) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,SN)
soaps (organic materials) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
肥皂 (有機材料) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
féi zào (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
fei zao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
fei tsao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
zeep (organisch materiaal) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
savons (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
savon (C,U,French,AD,U,N)
jabón (material orgánico) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of soap (organic material)
.................... soap (organic material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種由水分散的清潔及乳化劑,由長鏈脂肪酸(見於油類和脂肪)與鹼(如氫氧化鈉或鹼液)的皂化作用製成。自古代即啟用以動物脂肪和木灰做成的肥皂。雖然在歐洲中世紀至近代早期間,肥皂是家中為了洗衣而製造的,塊狀肥皂卻是奢侈品,直到十九世紀才被大眾使用。 
Dutch ..... Een reinigend en emulgerend middel dat wordt verkregen door olie, vet, hars of was te koken met een alkali . 
Spanish ..... Agente de limpieza y emulsificante obtenido al hervir un aceite, grasa, resina o cera con un álcali. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  detergent (cleaning compound)
..................................  (cleaning compound, <materials by function>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300014906]
produced by ....  saponification
....................  (physicochemical processes, <processes and techniques by specific type>, Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) [300249804]

Sources and Contributors:
肥皂 (有機材料)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
....................  化學名詞辭典 p. 201
....................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 December 14, 2009
....................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 March 6, 2012
....................  智慧藏百科全書網 March 6, 2012
....................  朗文當代大辭典 p. 1668
....................  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 1535
....................  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1755
fei tsao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
fei zao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
féi zào............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jabón (material orgánico)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
............................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:106
savon............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, VP]
..............  AASLH data (2016-)
..............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
..............  CHIN database (1988-)
..............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/3162; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
..............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 3162
..............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
savons............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
soap (organic material)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.........................................  AASLH data (2016-)
.........................................  AATA database (2002-) 128946 checked 26 January 2012
.........................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) soap
.........................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) soap
.........................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.........................................  Mayer, Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques (1981) 465; soap
.........................................  Neugebauer, Guide to the Properties and Uses of Detergents (1988) 4; soap
.........................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/3162; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.........................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 3162
.........................................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
.........................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) soap
.........................................  Soap and Detergent Association, Handbook of Industry Terms (1987) soap
.........................................  Webster's 9th New Collegiate Dictionary (1985) soap
soaps (organic materials)............  [VP]
............................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 21 November 2007
zeep (organisch materiaal)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 128946 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/3162; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 31 January 2008
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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