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ID: 300213510
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300213510

 

Record Type: concept
pila (javelins) (javelins, <spears by form>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Roman javelins of Etruscan origin, issued to Roman soldiers from the Republican period to the 4th or 5th century CE. Their form and weight varied over time, but usually they were characterized by a long, narrow head attached to the staff by a flange or socket, and a weight attached to the staff below the head to improve balance and trajectory.
 
Terms:
pila (javelins) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
pila (javelins) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
pilum (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
pilum (Dutch,AD,U,U)
pilum (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
pilums (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
羅馬輕型標槍 (標槍) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
羅馬投槍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
羅馬步兵短矛 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
luó ma qīng xíng biāo qiāng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
luo ma qing xing biao qiang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
lo ma ch'ing hsing piao ch'iang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
pilo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name)
........ Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of weapons
............ weapons (G)
Hierarchy of edged weapons
................ edged weapons (G)
Hierarchy of staff weapons
.................... staff weapons (G)
Hierarchy of spears (weapons)
........................ spears (weapons) (G)
Hierarchy of <spears by form>
............................ <spears by form> (G)
Hierarchy of javelins
................................ javelins (G)
Hierarchy of pila (javelins)
.................................... pila (javelins) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 起源於伊特拉斯坎(Etruscan)的羅馬標槍,羅馬士兵在共和時期至第四或五世紀左右使用。其形式和重量隨著時間的演進而各不相同,但基本特色通常是有一個細長槍頭,藉由一道凸緣或插口嵌於棍棒上,在槍頭下方附有重物,以增進平衡感以及投擲軌道準確度。 
Dutch ..... Werpsperen, doorgaans met een lange, smalle kop, bevestigd aan de stok door middel van een flens of een holte, en een gewicht onder de kop aan de stok om evenwicht en baan te verbeteren; behorend tot de uitrusting van Romeinse soldaten vanaf de Republikeinse periode tot de 4e of 5e eeuw nc. 
Spanish ..... Jabalinas romanas de origen etrusco, creadas para los soldados romanos desde el período republicano hasta los siglos IV o V CE. Su forma y peso variaron a través del tiempo, pero generalmente se caracterizaron por tener una cabeza larga y angosta sujeta a un asta por una pestaña o una cavidad, y con un peso agregado al asta debajo de la cabeza para mejorar el balance y la trayectoria. 

Sources and Contributors:
羅馬輕型標槍 (標槍)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
羅馬投槍............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
羅馬步兵短矛............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
lo ma ch'ing hsing piao ch'iang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.....................................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
luó ma qīng xíng biāo qiāng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
luo ma qing xing biao qiang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
pila (javelins)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
pilo............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...........  Diccionario Enciclopédico Ilustrado Sopena (1981) IV:3315
pilum............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Connolly, Greece and Rome at War (1981) illustration, 100
..............  Diagram Group, Weapons (1980) illustration, 82
..............  Diccionario Enciclopédico Ilustrado Sopena (1981) IV:3315
..............  Quick, Weapons and Military Terms (1973)
..............  Snodgrass, Early Greek Armour and Weapons (1964)
..............  Stone, Glossary of Construction of Arms and Armour (1961)
..............  Tarassuk and Blair, Complete Encyclopedia of Arms and Armor (1979) illustration
..............  Warry, Histoire des Guerres de l'Antique (1981) GLOS
pilums............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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