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ID: 500125556
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500125556

 
Record Type: Person
Tschichold, Jan (German typographer, theorist, and teacher, 1902-1974)

Note: German avant-garde typographer developed an early interest in calligraphy through his father, who was a sign painter and designer. He studied at the Leipzig Academy of Book Design from 1919 to 1922 under Hermann Delitsch, and subsequently went to work in the design department of Insel Verlag. Exposure to Russian constructivism and the Bauhaus formed his early typographic style and theories. In 1925 he published his first treatise, "Elementare Typographie," in which he examined the typographic work of El Lissitzky. Tschichold defined the elements of asymmetrical typography, and advocated for the use of sans-serif typefaces. In 1928 he published "Die Neue Typographie, " further refining his theories. In 1933 he was expelled from Germany under the Nazis for creating "un-German" typography. He relocated to Switzerland where he continued to design and teach. In his third book, "Typographische Gestaltung," he turns away from "the new typography" as he comes to associate its rigid style with totalitarianism in general. At this point his work begins to resemble the classical and symmetric style that he had criticized in his youth. He remained in Switzerland for the rest of his life, except for three years (1946-1949) in London where he redesigned the Penguin paperback line.

Names:
Tschichold, Jan (preferred,V,index)
Jan Tschichold (V,display)
Tschichold, Johannes (V)

Nationalities:
German (preferred)
Swiss

Roles:
artist (preferred)
typographer
designer
teacher
writer
theorist
graphic designer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Leipzig (Saxony, Germany) (inhabited place)
Died:  Locarno (Ticino, Switzerland) (inhabited place)

Events:
exhibition:   Lund Humphries  London (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)
immigration:   went to Switzerland during Nazi rule in Germany, and again from 1949  Switzerland (Europe) (nation)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
colleague of ....  Baumeister, Willi  
......................  (German painter, designer, and typographer, 1889-1955) [500022627]
colleague of ....  Dexel, Walter  
......................  (German painter and typographer, 1890-1973) [500005708]
colleague of ....  Schwitters, Kurt  
......................  (German painter, typographer, and writer, 1887-1948) [500026542]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Tschichold, Jan (I)

Biographies:
(German typographer, theorist, and teacher, 1902-1974) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Swiss typographer, graphic designer, 1902-1974) ..... [BHA]
(German graphic designer, 1902-1974) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(Swiss artist, born Germany. 1902-1974) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Jan Tschichold ........ [GRISC, MoMA Preferred, VP]
..............................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
..............................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
..............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Tschichold, Jan ........ [BHA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, MoMA, VP Preferred]
................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
................................  Friedl, Typography (1998)
................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Tschichold, Johannes ........ [Grove Art, VP]
..........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..........................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008)

Subject: ........ [BHA, Gallery Systems, GRISC, Grove Art, MoMA, VP]
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Friedl, Typography (1998)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n50011738
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n50011738
....................  Spencer, Pioneers of Modern Typography (1983) 151
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 12 April 2005
.......... Spencer, Pioneers of Modern Typography (1983) 151
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