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ID: 500005955
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500005955

 
Record Type: Person
Gower, Henry de (Welsh bishop, designer, and patron, ca. 1278-1347)

Note: Henry de Gower was a bishop, scholar and patron of aristocratic descent; his conception, organization and financing of ecclesiastical building projects in medieval Wales is considered unsurpassed. He entered University of Oxford in about 1295 and studied at Merton College, graduating as doctor of civil law in 1320 and doctor of canon law in 1322. He served as Chancellor of Oxford from 1322 to 1325. Gower became Canon of St David's in Pembrokeshire in about 1314 and Archdeacon in 1319 or 1323. In 1328 he was elected Bishop. Although some of his statues survive, Gower is best remembered as a patron of architecture; he was often known as the 'Welsh Wykeham.' He restored a number of episcopal residences, including his own palace (now destroyed) at Llanddewi, Gower. He also reconstructed Swansea Castle and added to the episcopal palace at Lamphey; at both places he had incorporated the arcaded parapet that was a kind of trademark element for him. In addition to his extensive works at St David's, in 1332 he founded the large hospital of the Blessed David, Swansea. He is buried in St David's Cathedral in a tomb he himself designed.

Names:
Gower, Henry de (preferred,V,index)
Henry de Gower (V,display)
De Gower, Henry (V)

Nationalities:
British (modern) (preferred)
Welsh

Roles:
bishop (preferred)
scholar
patron
architect
designer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Swansea (Wales, United Kingdom) (unitary authority)
Died:  Saint David's (Pembrokeshire, Wales, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Gower, Henry de (I)

Biographies:
(Welsh bishop, designer, and patron, ca. 1278-1347) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Welsh bishop and architect, 1278?-1347) ..... [AVERY]
(English architect, ca.1278-1347) ..... [BHA]
(Welsh bishop, probably born 1278) ..... [AVERY]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
De Gower, Henry ........ [AVERY]
...............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Gower, Henry de ........ [AVERY Preferred]
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
Henry de Gower ........ [AVERY, VP]
............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
............................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 20 Oct 2003

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, VP]
....................  Archaeologia Cambrensis, v.130; DNB: Gower, Henry, d.1347
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  Blue Guide: Wales (1936) 353-358
....................  DNB: Oxford National Biography, 1912-1921 (1927) Gower, Henry, d. 1347
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 20 Oct 2003
....................  Williams, Archaeologia Cambrensis (1981)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Archaeologia Cambrensis, v.130; DNB: Gower, Henry, d.1347
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 20 Oct 2003
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