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ID: 1000140
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000140

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  Syria (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 35 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 35.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 038 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 38.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Earliest inhabitants of the area were probably Natufians ca. 10,000 BCE; home to several great cultures, including Akkadians and Amorites 3rd-2nd millenia BCE; ruled by Alexander, Romans, Arabs, and Ottomans; shares name with ancient region covering a wider area; official language is Arabic.

Names:
Sūrīyah (preferred,C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Sūrīya (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Sūriyyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U)
As-Sūrīyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Al Jumhūriyyah al ʻArabiyyah as Sūriyyah (C,V,O,Arabic (transliterated),U)
Al Jumhūrīyah al ʻArabīyah as Sūrīyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
République arabe syrienne (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Syrienne, République arabe (C,O,French,U,N)
Syrie (C,O,French,U,N)
La Syrie (C,O,French,U,N)
Syrian Arab Republic (C,O,O,English,U,N)  ............ UN Official English short name
Syria (C,O,display,English-P,U,N)
Syria (Northern Sami)
Syria (Malay (macrolanguage))
Syria (Malagasy)
Syria (Shona)
Syria (Vietnamese)
Syria (Polish)
Syria (Anglo-Saxon)
Syria (North Ndebele)
Syria (Indonesian)
Syria (Greenlandic)
Syria (Swahili (generic))
Syria (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Syria (Faroese)
Syria (Norwegian)
Syria (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Syria (Tagalog)
Syria (Latin)
Syria (Pampanga)
Syria (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Syria (Welsh)
República Árabe Siria (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
Siria (C,O,Breton)
Siria (Galician)
Siria (Romansh)
Siria (Ilocano)
Siria (Ido)
Siria (Basque)
Siria (Indonesian)
Siria (Aragonese)
Siria (Swahili (generic))
Siria (Occitan)
Siria (Albanian)
Siria (Asturian)
Siria (Italian)
Siria (Romanian)
Siria (Kikuyu)
Siria (Akan)
Siria (Sicilian)
Siria (Spanish)
Siria ()
Syrië (C,O)
Syrië (Limburgan)
Syrië (Dutch)
Syrien (C,O,German)
Syrien (Low German)
Syrien (Danish)
Syrien ()
Syrien (Luxembourgish)
Syrien (Swedish)
Síria (C,O,Catalan)
Síria ()
Síria (Portuguese)
Сирийская Арабская Республика (C,O,Russian-P,U)
阿拉伯叙利亚共和国 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
سورِ ةًَ (C,V,Arabic-P,U)  ............ National Official Arabic short name
سورِ يَا (C,V,Arabic,U)  ............ Alternate National Official Arabic name
الجهور ةً ا عًرب ةَ اسًور ةً (C,V,O,Arabic,U)  ............ UN Official Arabic short/formal name
SYR (C,O,ISO3L)
SY (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO760 (C,O,ISO3N)
SY00 (C,O,FIPS)
Syrian (C,O,English,U,A)
סוריה (C,U,Hebrew )
An tSiria (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
Ash Shām (C,U,Arabic)
i-Syria (C,U,Zulu)
Orílẹ́ède Siria (C,U,Yoruba)
Sham, Siriya (C,U,Hausa)
Sīlia (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Siri (C,U,Bambara)
Siri (Albanian)
Siri (Luba-Katanga)
Sirí (C,U,Lingala)
Siria - سورية (C,U,Galician)
Siria nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Sirie (C,U,Arpitan)
Sirië (C,U,Afrikaans)
Sirii (C,U,Fulah)
Sirïi (C,U,Sangho)
Sirija (C,U,Croatian)
Sirija (Bosnian)
Sirija (Slovene)
Sirija (Lithuanian)
Sīrija (C,U,Latvian)
Sirio (C,U,Esperanto)
Siriya (C,U,Ganda (Ugandan language))
Siriya (Rundi)
Siriya (Azerbaijani)
Sirja (C,U,Maltese)
Sirya (C,U,Quechuan)
Sûrî (C,U,Kurdish)
Súria (C,U,Occitan)
Suriah (C,U,Indonesian)
Surie (C,U,French)
Sūriyā (C,U,Arabic)
Suriya (C,U,Uzbek)
Süriyän (C,U,Volapük)
Suriye (C,U,Turkish)
Süüria (C,U,Estonian)
Suuriya (C,U,Somali)
Syri (C,U,Cornish)
Sýria (C,U,Slovak)
Sýrie (C,U,Czech)
Syriska (C,U,Upper Sorbian)
Sýrland (C,U,Icelandic)
Sýrska arabská republika (C,U,Slovak)
Syyria (C,U,Finnish)
Szíria (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
Szíriai Arab Köztársaság (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
Xi-ri (C,U,Vietnamese)
Xi-ri (Syria) (C,U,Vietnamese)
سورية (C,U,Arabic)
Συρία, Αραβική Δημοκρατία της (C,U,Greek)
시리아 (C,U,Korean)
Сирійська Арабська Республіка (C,U,Ukrainian)
სირია (C,U,Georgian)
سوریه (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
سوریه (Pashto)
സിറിയ (C,U,Malayalam)
Сирия (C,U,Bulgarian)
Сирия (Russian)
Сирийска Арабска Република (C,U,Bulgarian)
סיריע (C,U,Yiddish)
Сѷрїꙗ (C,U,Slavonic, Old Church)
叙利亚 (C,U,Chinese)
سوریہ (C,U,Urdu)
الجمهورية العربية السورية (C,U,Arabic)
Сири (C,U,Ossetian/Ossetic)
シリア (C,U,Japanese)
ประเทศซีเรีย (C,U,Thai)
ซีเรีย (C,U,Thai)
Συρία (C,U,Greek)
سوريه (C,U,Pashto)
சிரியா (C,U,Tamil)
Сирија (C,U,Serbian)
Сирија (Macedonian)
Սիրիա (C,U,Armenian)
ሲሪያ (C,U,Amharic)
ሲሪያ (Tigrinya)
ܣܘܪܝܐ (C,U,Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE))
ຊິເລຍ (C,U,Lao)
ស៊ីរី (C,U,Khmer)
सीरिया (C,U,Marathi)
सीरिया (Hindi)
সিরিয়া (C,U,Bengali)
Сирія (C,U,Ukrainian)
سووریا (C,U,Central Kurdish)
الشام (C,U,Arabic)
Сірыйская Арабская Рэспубліка (C,U,Belorussian)
シリア・アラブ共和国 (C,U,Japanese)
ဆီးရီးယား (C,U,Burmese)
ସିରିଆ (C,U,Oriya)
सिरिया (C,U,Nepali)
سیریا (C,U,Urdu)
সিরিয়া (C,U,Bengali)
સીરિયા (C,U,Gujarati)
సిరియా (C,U,Telugu)
ಸಿರಿಯಾ (C,U,Kannada)
سوريا (C,U,Arabic)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  ........  Syria (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  ............  Syria (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Middle East (general region)  ....  Middle East (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  ........  Syria (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Western Asia (area)  ........  Western Asia (area) (P,U)
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  ............  Syria (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  gained total independence in 1946
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  first proclaimed 1930
controlled region (H)  ............  French, periodic, 19th-20th centuries; French/British, 1940s
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Damascus .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Syria, Dimashq governorate) [7002261]
coextensive with ....  Syria .......... (general region)
..............................  (World, Asia) [7594765]
distinguished from ....  Syria .......... (province)
..................................  (World, Roman Republic and Empire) [7030348]
member of ....  Arab League .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7000153]
................  until 2011
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945

Sources and Contributors:
Сирийская Арабская Республика..........  [VP]
..................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
..................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
阿拉伯叙利亚共和国..........  [VP]
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
الجهور ةً ا عًرب ةَ اسًور ةً..........  [VP]
...............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
سورِ ةًَ..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
سورِ يَا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
סוריה..........  [IMJ, VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
..............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
سورية..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Συρία, Αραβική Δημοκρατία της..........  [VP]
..................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
시리아..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Сирійська Арабська Республіка..........  [VP]
..................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
სირია..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
سوریه..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
സിറിയ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Сирия..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Сирийска Арабска Република..........  [VP]
...............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
סיריע..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Сѷрїꙗ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
叙利亚..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
سوریہ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
الجمهورية العربية السورية..........  [VP]
............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Сири..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
シリア..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
ประเทศซีเรีย..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
ซีเรีย..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Συρία..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
سوريه..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
சிரியா..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Сирија..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Սիրիա..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
ሲሪያ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
ܣܘܪܝܐ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
ຊິເລຍ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
ស៊ីរី..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
सीरिया..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
সিরিয়া..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Сирія..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
سووریا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
الشام..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Сірыйская Арабская Рэспубліка..........  [VP]
..................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
シリア・アラブ共和国..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
ဆီးရီးယား..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
ସିରିଆ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
सिरिया..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
سیریا..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
সিরিয়া..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
સીરિયા..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
సిరియా..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
ಸಿರಿಯಾ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
سوريا..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Al Iqlīm ash Shamālī..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Al Iqlīm as Sūrī..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah..........  [VP]
..............................................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 724
..............................................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1176
Al Jumhūrīyah al ʻArabīyah as Sūrīyah..........  [VP]
..............................................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Al Jumhūrīyah al ‘Arabīyah as Sūrīyah..........  [VP]
..............................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Al Jumhūriyyah al ʻArabiyyah as Sūriyyah..........  [VP]
.................................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Al-Sham..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Al-Suriyah..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
An tSiria..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Arām..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Ash Shām..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
As-Sūrīyah..........  [VP]
.......................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 384
El Sham..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
El Suriya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Esh Sham..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Es Suriya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
ISO760..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
i-Syria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
La Syrie..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1176
Northern Region..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Orílẹ́ède Siria..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
República Árabe Siria..........  [VP]
......................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
République arabe syrienne..........  [VP]
............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
............................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Sham, Siriya..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sīlia..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Siri..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sirí..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Siria..........  [VP]
..............  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1990) 1037
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Síria..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
..............  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 1308
Siria - سورية..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Siria nutome..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sirie..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sirië..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sirii..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sirïi..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sirija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sīrija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sirio..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Siriya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sirja..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sirya..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sûrî..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Súria..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Suriah..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Surie..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sūrīya..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Sūriyā..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Suriya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sūrīyah..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Süriyän..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Suriye..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sūriyyah..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Süüria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Suuriya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
SY..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
SY00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 82
SYR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
Syri..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Syria..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, IMJ Preferred, VP]
..............  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 709
..............  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 627-628
..............  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 468 ff.
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
..............  Holy Land, National Geographic (1989) map supplement
..............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..............  Middle East, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 34
..............  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-96
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Sýria..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Syrian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 36
Syrian Arab Republic..........  [BHA, VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
...................................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 82
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Syrian Region..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Syrië..........  [VP]
..............  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 741
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Syrie..........  [BHA, VP]
..............  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 540
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sýrie..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Syrien..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1471
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Syrienne, République arabe..........  [VP]
...............................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 784
Syriska..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sýrland..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Sýrska arabská republika..........  [VP]
.........................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Syyria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Szíria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Szíriai Arab Köztársaság..........  [VP]
.........................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Xi-ri..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Xi-ri (Syria)..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 709
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 724
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 627-628
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 540
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1471
..................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1990) 1037
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 468 ff.
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 741
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 163843
..................  Holy Land, National Geographic (1989) map supplement
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772; 784
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  Middle East, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 82
..................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 1308
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
..................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 384
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 34
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-96
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 82
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 36
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1176
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust