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ID: 7001575
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7001575

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Patna (inhabited place)  Patna (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 25 36 08 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 25.6022  decimal degrees
Long: 085 07 10 E  degrees minutes   Long: 85.1194  decimal degrees

Note: One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. The ancient city was pillaged by Indo-Greeks in 185 BCE, and was ruled afterward by the Śuṅga dynasty until ca. 73 BCE. Located on the Silk Road trade routes. In the 4th century CE it became the Gupta capital. The city declined and was abandoned by the 7th century. Later, a town was founded on the site and flourished as part of the Mughal Empire. Was under influence of Great Britain after 1765.

Names:
Patna (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Patna New City (C,V)
New Patna (C,V)
Pāṭaliputra (H,V)  ............ ancient
Pataliputra (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Bhārat (nation)  ........  Bhārat (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Bihār (state)  ............  Bihār (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Patna (inhabited place)  ................  Patna (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Bhārat (nation)  ........  Bhārat (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Gupta Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ............  Gupta Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Patna (inhabited place)  ................  Patna (inhabited place) (P,C) as Pataliputra, capital of Gupta Empire, 4th-6th centuries

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  originally founded 5th century BCE; refounded as Patna, 1541
city (C)
state capital (C)  ............  of Bihar
capital (H)  ............  of Magadha until 1st century BCE; Gupta capital, 4th-7th cen.
regional capital (C)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Magadha .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World, Asia, Bhārat) [6003610]
capital of ....  Mauryan Empire .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World, Asia) [6003783]
located on ....  Silk Road .......... (road)
..................  (World) [7031416]

Sources and Contributors:
New Patna..........  [VP]
....................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2004-2008) accessed 3 January 2007
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Pataliputra..........  [VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 352
Pāṭaliputra..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 199
Patna..........  [VP Preferred]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 10:199
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2004-2008) accessed 3 January 2007
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Patna New City..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2004-2008) accessed 3 January 2007
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 9:199; 10:199; IX, 199
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2004-2008) accessed 3 January 2007
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2107500
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 352
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984)
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)
..........  UNESCO: Silk Road (2016-) accessed 17 February 2016

 

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