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ID: 7018071
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7018071

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Kyustendil (inhabited place)  Kyustendil (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 16 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.2667  decimal degrees
Long: 022 40 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 22.6667  decimal degrees

Note: Kyustendil is situated in the Struma River Valley at the foot of the Osogov Mountains in southwestern Bulgaria. The Romans built the town on a Thracian fortified settlement and it became an important center during the Emperor Trajan's rule. Nearly destroyed by barbarians, it was part of an independent state that existed briefly during the time of the first Bulgarian Empire (1018-14th century). Under the Ottoman Empire it prospered as a market town. Since the late 19th century it has grown into an agricultural and industrial center, surrounded by extensive and fertile orchards and vineyards. Industrially it produces canned fruit, woolens, vegetable oils, and packaging. Warm mineral springs make it a resort and health spa. The 2003 estimated population was 162,200.

Names:
Kyustendil (preferred,C,V,Bulgarian,U,N)
Kuistendil (C,V)
K├╝stendil (C,V,Bulgarian,U,N)
Kjustendil (C,V,Bulgarian,U,N)
Velbuzhd (H,V,Bulgarian,U,N)  ............ used in 14th century
Justiana Secunda (H,V,Latin,U,N)  ............ Byzantine name
Pautania (H,V,Latin,U,N)  ............ Roman
Pautalia (H,V,Latin,U,N)
Ulpia Pautania (H,V)
Ulpia Pautalia (H,V,Latin,U,N)
Ulpianum (H,V,Latin,U,N)
Ulpiana (H,V,Latin,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Bulgaria (nation)  ........  Bulgaria (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Kyustendil (province)  ............  Kyustendil (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Kyustendil (inhabited place)  ................  Kyustendil (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was a Thracian settlement
town (C)
provincial capital (C)
industrial center (C)
agricultural center (C)
archaeological site (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Justiana Secunda..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 494
Kjustendil..........  [VP]
.......................  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-88
Kuistendil..........  [VP]
.......................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 24 March 2003
K├╝stendil..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 60
Kyustendil..........  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 563
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 107
Pautalia..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 60
Pautania..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 494
Ulpiana..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Baedekers: Yugoslavia (1983)
.................  Blue Guide: Yugoslavia (1989)
Ulpianum..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 494
Ulpia Pautalia..........  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 60
Ulpia Pautania..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 494
Velbuzhd..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 494
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Baedekers: Yugoslavia (1983)
..................  Blue Guide: Yugoslavia (1989)
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 563
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 494
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 60
..................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 24 March 2003
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-88
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 107
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 17 Nov. 2003

 

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