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ID: 7013310
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7013310

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Oświe̜cim (inhabited place)  Oświe̜cim (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 02 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.0333  decimal degrees
Long: 019 14 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 19.2333  decimal degrees

Note: Industrial town infamous as the site of three massive Nazi concentration camps, located outside the city. The town was annexed to Poland in 1457, to Austria in 1772, and back to Poland in 1918. The first concentration camp, Auschwitz I, was established in 1940. The second, Auschwitz II, or Auschwitz-Birkenau, was established in early 1942. The third camp, Auschwitz III, or Auschwitz-Monowitz, was established in late 1942. Prisoners were subjected to pseudoscientific medical experimentation, disease-ridden conditions, and forced slave-labor. Over 1.1 million prisoners were killed at Auschwitz, most of them Jews. Tens of thousands of Poles, Roma (Gypsies), Soviet prisoners-of-war, and many thousands of others were also executed. The camp was liberated by the Soviets in January 1945.

Names:
Oświe̜cim (preferred,C,V)
Auschwitz (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Poland (nation)  ........  Poland (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Śla̜skie (voivodeship)  ............  Śla̜skie (voivodeship) (P)
Hierarchy of Oświe̜cim (inhabited place)  ................  Oświe̜cim (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded as a fortress town in 12th cen.
industrial center (C)
town (C)
capital (H)  ............  of a sovereign duchy ca. 14th cen.
concentration camp site (H)  ............  1940-1945

Sources and Contributors:
Auschwitz..........  [VP]
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 17
Oświe̜cim..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII:1040
....................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 147
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 707-708; VIII, 1040; VIII:1040
..................  Nagel's: Poland (1969) 167-168
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 147; 17
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 5 June 2008
..........  United States Holocaust Memorial Museum [online] (2008-) accessed 5 June 2008

 

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