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ID: 7002632
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7002632

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Trebizond, Empire of (former nation/state/empire)  Trebizond, Empire of (former nation/state/empire)

Coordinates:
Lat: 41 00 21 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 41.0064  decimal degrees
Long: 039 43 48 E  degrees minutes   Long: 39.7306  decimal degrees

Note: Empire in northeastern Anatolia. It was one of the three successor states to emerge after the Latin crusaders' conquest of Constantinople in 1204, the empire of Nicaea and the despotate of Epirus being the other two. The empire was founded by two members of the former imperial Comnenus family, David and his brother Alexius I (reigned 1204-1222) of Trebizond. The empire comprised the entire southern coastal region of the Black Sea except the westernmost section belonging to Nicaea. Trebizond, the capital, and Sinope were the main cities. The empire reached its greatest prosperity under Alexius II (1297-1330). It was conquered by the Turks in 1461 and the territory was annexed to the Ottoman Empire. At the height of its power and wealth, the court of the Comnenus dynasty was a great artistic and cultural center, making Trebizond one of the last refuges of Hellenistic civilization.

Names:
Trebizond, Empire of (preferred,C,O,index)
Empire of Trebizond (C,O,display)
Trapezuntine Empire (C,V)
Empire of Trabzon (H,O)
Empire de Tr├ębizonde (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Byzantine Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Byzantine Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Trebizond, Empire of (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Trebizond, Empire of (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)

Place Types:
former nation/state/empire (preferred, C)  ............  1204-1461
empire (H)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Trabzon .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Turkey, Trabzon) [7002631]

Sources and Contributors:
Empire de Tr├ębizonde..........  [BHA]
...................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Empire of Trabzon..........  [VP]
................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
................................  Encyclopedia of World History (1972)
................................  Petit Robert II, Noms (1989)
Empire of Trebizond..........  [VP Preferred]
...................................  Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. (2000)
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 12 August 2004
Trapezuntine Empire..........  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2015-)
Trebizond, Empire of..........  [VP]
...................................  Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. (2000)
...................................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 358
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. (2000)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 12 August 2004
..................  Encyclopedia of World History (1972)
..................  Petit Robert II, Noms (1989)
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 358
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. (2000)

 

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