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ID: 7001282
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7001282

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Fārs (province)  Fārs (province)

Coordinates:
Lat: 29 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 29.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 053 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 53.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Fārs is located north of Hormozgān and south of Esfahān. Geographically, the region is divided in two parts, the garmsīr (warm area, sparsely settled) and the sardīr (cold area). It was part of the ancient Achaemenid Empire (559-330 BCE) with Pasargadae as capital until Darius I the Great made Persepolis capital in the late 6th or early 5th century BCE. In 331, Alexander the Great defeated the Achaemenid army at Arbela and destroyed Persepolis. Fārs becomes part of Seleucid kingdom in 312 BCE. The region was ruled by the Arsacids from 170-138 BCE, and was part of the Sāsānid Empire from 224-651 CE. Under the Zard dynasty (1750-1794), Fārs, with Shīrāz as its capital, became a central part of the empire. In 20th century, the Trans-Iranian railway, as well as the discovery of oil in the province of Khūzestān, dramatically reduced the role of the Fārs within Îrân.

Names:
Fārs (preferred,C,V)
Fārs, Ostān-e (C,V)
Ostān-e Fārs (C,V)
Fars (C,V)
Farsistan (C,V)
Persis (H,V)  ............ 312
Pārs (H,V)  ............ ancient region
Parsa (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Fārs (province)  ............  Fārs (province) (P)

Place Types:
province (preferred, C)
first level subdivision (C)
historical region (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Fārs..........  [VP Preferred]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 690
...........  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Fars..........  [BHA, VP]
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 690
...........  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Farsistan..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 690
Fārs, Ostān-e..........  [VP]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Ostān-e Fārs..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 October 2014
Pārs..........  [VP]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 690
Parsa..........  [VP]
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 352
Persis..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 690
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 690
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 October 2014
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 352
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) accessed 9 July 2003

 

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