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ID: 300042020
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300042020

 

Record Type: concept
citterns (<lutelike chordophones with long neck: plucked>, lutelike chordophones: plucked, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: European wire-strung plucked lutelike chordophones played with a plectrum, very popular in the 16th and 17th centuries, having a wedge-shaped body with a curved bottom and straight shoulders narrowing towards the neck, and a low flat bridge held in position only by the strings it supports. Their most characteristic feature is a long, fretted neck which is half cut away from behind the fingerboard on the bass side, making a channel along which the player's left thumb can slide to facilitate very rapid shifts to and from high positions.
 
Terms:
citterns (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
cittern (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
cittern (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
ceteras (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cisters (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cisters (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
cistres (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cithern (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
citherns (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cithrens (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cittharn (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cittharns (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cister (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
cistre (C,U,French-P,AD,U,MSN)
cistro (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Sound Devices (hierarchy name)
........ Sound Devices (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of sound devices (equipment)
............ sound devices (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>
................ <sound devices by acoustical characteristics> (G)
Hierarchy of chordophones
.................... chordophones (G)
Hierarchy of lutelike chordophones
........................ lutelike chordophones (G)
Hierarchy of lutelike chordophones: plucked
............................ lutelike chordophones: plucked (G)
Hierarchy of <lutelike chordophones with long neck: plucked>
................................ <lutelike chordophones with long neck: plucked> (G)
Hierarchy of citterns
.................................... citterns (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Europese luitachtige, getokkelde chordofonen met metalen snaren die met een plectrum werden bespeeld en zeer geliefd waren in de 16e en 17e eeuw. Ze hebben een wigvormige klankkast met een gebogen onderkant en rechte schouders die naar de hals toe smaller worden, en een lage, platte kam die uitsluitend op zijn plaats wordt gehouden door de snaren die erdoor ondersteund worden. Het meest kenmerkende onderdeel van de cister is de lange hals met fretten waarvan achter de toets, aan de baskant, een sleuf is aangebracht voor de duim om gemakkelijk hogere posities te bereiken. 
Spanish ..... Cordófonos europeos pulsados de encordado metálico tipo laúd, tocados con un plectro, muy populares en los siglos XVI y XVII, consistentes en un cuerpo en forma de cuña con su sección inferior curvada y hombros rectos estrechándose hacia el mástil, y un puente plano y bajo mantenido en posición sólamente por las cuerdas que sostiene. Su rasgo más característico es un largo mástil con trastes, el cual se separa parcialmente desde atrás del diapasón en el lado de las cuerdas graves, formando un canal a lo largo del cual el pulgar izquierdo del intérprete puede deslizarse para facilitar cambios muy rápidos de y a posiciones altas. 

Sources and Contributors:
ceteras............  [VP]
.................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) Vol. 1, 379
cister............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
cisters............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
.................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) Vol. 1, 379
cistre............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/10776; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 10776
cistres............  [VP]
.................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) Vol. 1, 379
cistro............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Randel, Diccionario Harvard de Música (1997)
cithern............  [VP]
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
citherns............  [VP]
.................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
cithrens............  [VP]
.................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) Vol. 1, 379
cittern............  [AASLH Preferred, CDBP-SNPC Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/10776; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 10776
.................  Randel, Diccionario Harvard de Música (1997)
citterns............  [VP Preferred]
.................  Bessaraboff, Ancient European Musical Instruments (1944)
.................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) illustration, Vol. 1, 379, definition source
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) illustration
cittharn............  [VP]
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
cittharns............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/10776; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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