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ID: 300150492
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300150492

 

Record Type: concept
empresses (monarchs, rulers (people), ... People (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to female sovereigns of empires, which are political units that comprise a number of territories or nations and are ruled by a single supreme authority. The term may also refer to the wives and widows of emperors.
 
Terms:
empresses (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
empress (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
empresses' (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
empress's (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
女皇 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
nǚ huáng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
nü huang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
nü huang (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
keizerinnen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
keizerin (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
emperatriz (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
emperadora (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HG

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of People (hierarchy name)
.... People (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of people (agents)
........ people (agents) (G)
Hierarchy of <people by occupation>
............ <people by occupation> (G)
Hierarchy of <people in government and administration>
................ <people in government and administration> (G)
Hierarchy of rulers (people)
.................... rulers (people) (G)
Hierarchy of monarchs
........................ monarchs (G)
Hierarchy of empresses
............................ empresses (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of People (hierarchy name)
.... People (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of people (agents)
........ people (agents) (G)
Hierarchy of <people by state or condition>
............ <people by state or condition> (G)
Hierarchy of aristocrats
................ aristocrats (G)
Hierarchy of nobles (aristocrats)
.................... nobles (aristocrats) (G)
Hierarchy of <nobles by gender>
........................ <nobles by gender> (G)
Hierarchy of noblewomen
............................ noblewomen (G)
Hierarchy of empresses
................................ empresses (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指帝國之最高女性統治者;帝國是包含數個領土或國家的政治單位,並由單一至高當權者所統治。此詞彙亦可指帝王的妻子或遺孀。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar vrouwelijke heersers over keizerrijken (politieke eenheden die een aantal gebieden of naties omvatten en worden geregeerd door één hoogste autoriteit). De term kan ook verwijzen naar de vrouw of weduwe van een keizer. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a soberanas femeninos de imperios, los que corresponden a unidades políticias que comprenden varios territorios o naciones y gobernados por una autoridad suprema. El término también puede referirse a las esposas y viudas de emperadores. 

Related concepts:
affiliated with ....  empires (sovereign states)
............................  (sovereign states, <political administrative bodies by degree of independence>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name)) [300128214]
have counterpart ....  emperors
..............................  (monarchs, rulers (people), ... People (hierarchy name)) [300025480]

Sources and Contributors:
女皇............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  中央研究院中英雙語知識本體詞網 November 29, 2011
...........  時代雙解大辭典 p. 579
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 November 29, 2011
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 573
emperadora............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1085
emperatriz............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1085
empress............  [VP]
.................  American Heritage Dictionary (1982) 450
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
empresses............  [VP Preferred]
....................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term - FDA - 6/89
....................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
....................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
empresses'............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
empress's............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
keizerin............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
keizerinnen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
nǚ huáng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
nü huang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) precoor.; Roman empresses; Japan - empresses; Russian empresses; Turkish empresses; France - empresses; Byzantine empresses
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 08/02/2001
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 08/02/2001
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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