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ID: 300025477
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300025477

 

Record Type: concept
tsars (monarchs, rulers (people), ... People (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the autocrats or emperors of Russia who ruled from the 16th century until the Revolution of 1917. The term also refers to rulers of Serbia during the 14th century. The term is probably derived from "caesar"; it originally referred to a king, but eventually it took on the meaning of "emperor."
 
Terms:
tsars (preferred,C,U,American English-P,D,U,PN)
tsar (C,U,American English,AD,U,SN)
tsar (Spanish,UF,U,SN)
tsar's (C,U,American English,AD,U,N)
tsars' (C,U,American English,AD,U,N)
czar (C,U,American English,UF,U,N)
czar (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
czar's (C,U,American English,UF,U,N)
czars' (C,U,American English,UF,U,N)
czars (C,U,American English,UF,U,N)
csars (C,U,American English,UF,U,N)
csar (C,U,American English,UF,U,N)
czaars (C,U,American English,UF,U,N)
czaar (C,U,American English,UF,U,N)
tzars (C,U,British English-P,UF,U,N)
tzar (C,U,British English,UF,U,N)
沙皇 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
俄皇 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
shā huáng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
sha huang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
sha huang (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
tsaren (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
tsaar (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
zares (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
zar (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HG

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of People (hierarchy name)
.... People (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of people (agents)
........ people (agents) (G)
Hierarchy of <people by occupation>
............ <people by occupation> (G)
Hierarchy of <people in government and administration>
................ <people in government and administration> (G)
Hierarchy of rulers (people)
.................... rulers (people) (G)
Hierarchy of monarchs
........................ monarchs (G)
Hierarchy of tsars
............................ tsars (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of People (hierarchy name)
.... People (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of people (agents)
........ people (agents) (G)
Hierarchy of <people by state or condition>
............ <people by state or condition> (G)
Hierarchy of aristocrats
................ aristocrats (G)
Hierarchy of nobles (aristocrats)
.................... nobles (aristocrats) (G)
Hierarchy of <nobles by gender>
........................ <nobles by gender> (G)
Hierarchy of noblemen
............................ noblemen (G)
Hierarchy of tsars
................................ tsars (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指從十六世紀至1917年革命間,統治俄羅斯的專制君主或帝王。亦可指十四世紀時塞爾維亞的統治者。此詞彙可能是源自「凱薩 (Caesar)」一詞;原指國王,但後來具有「皇帝」之意。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de autocraten of keizers van Rusland die vanaf de 16de eeuw tot aan de Russische Revolutie van 1917 over het land heersten. De term verwijst eveneens naar de vorsten van Servië gedurende de 14de eeuw. De term is waarschijnlijk afgeleid van het woord 'caesar'. Oorspronkelijk verwees het woord naar een koning, maar uiteindelijk kreeg het de betekenis van 'keizer'. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a los autócratas o emperadores de Rusia que gobernaron desde el siglo XVI hasta la Revolución de 1917. El término también se refiere a los gobernantes de Siberia durante el siglo XIV. El término probablemente deriva de "césar"; originalmente se refería a un rey, sin embargo probablemente tomó el significado de "emperador". 

Related concepts:
have affiliates ....  tsardoms
............................  (<political administrative bodies by governing person>, political administrative bodies, ... Organizations (hierarchy name)) [300410380]

Sources and Contributors:
沙皇............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  中央研究院中英雙語知識本體詞網 December 5, 2011
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 December 5, 2011
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 1887
俄皇............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  中央研究院中英雙語知識本體詞網 December 5, 2011
csar............  [VP]
...........  Sotheby's Online (2001-)
csars............  [VP]
..............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
czaar............  [VP]
..............  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 07/31/2001
czaars............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 07/31/2001
czar............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
...........  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...........  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:1575
czars............  [VP]
..............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
czar's............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
czars'............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
sha huang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
shā huáng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
tsaar............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
..............  Van Dale Ne-En (1991)
tsar............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
...........  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:1575
...........  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 07/31/2001
tsaren............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
.................  Van Dale Ne-En (1991)
tsars............  [VP Preferred]
..............  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
..............  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
..............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
tsar's............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
tsars'............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
tzar............  [VP]
...........  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
tzars............  [VP]
..............  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
..............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
zar............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
...........  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:1575
zares............  [VP]
..............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
............  Van Dale Ne-En (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
.......... Van Dale Ne-En (1991)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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