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ID: 300375179
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300375179

 

Record Type: concept
Pyrus communis (species) (Pyrus (genus), Rosaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Species of medium sized, fruit-bearing tree that is probably of European origin, and has been cultivated since long before the Christian era. Thousands of varieties have been bred and named since ancient times in Europe alone. It is propagated by budding or grafting onto a rootstock. In Europe the main rootstock used is quince, which produces a dwarfed tree that fruits at an earlier age than most of the trees on pear rootstocks. The common pear was introduced into the New World by British and other Europeans as soon as the colonies were established. Also at an early date, Spanish missionaries carried the fruit to Mexico and California.
 
Terms:
Pyrus communis (species) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Pyrus communis (species) (Spanish,D,U,N)
Pyrus communis (soort) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Pyrus communis (species) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
common pear (species) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
European pear (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
西洋梨 (種) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
xī yáng lí (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xi yang li (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsi yang li (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
peer (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
poirier européen (species) (C,U,C,French,UF,U,N)
Europäische Birne (species) (C,U,C,German,AD,U,N)
europeo pera (species) (C,U,C,Italian,AD,U,N)
peral común (species) (C,U,C,Spanish,AD,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Magnoliopsida (class)
........................ Magnoliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosanae (superorder)
............................ Rosanae (superorder) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosales (order)
................................ Rosales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosaceae (family)
.................................... Rosaceae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Pyrus (genus)
........................................ Pyrus (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of Pyrus communis (species)
............................................ Pyrus communis (species) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 會結果實的中型喬木物種,很可能是起源於歐洲,早在西元前便已被種植,自古時至今,光是在歐洲所繁殖培育的種類及名稱就高達數千種,繁殖方式是在根莖上接芽或接枝。在歐洲,所使用的根莖主要為榲桲,榲桲所生長的樹木較矮小,結果實的時間會比大部分生長在以梨樹為主根莖的樹還早。西洋梨是英國及其他歐洲國家在建立殖民地時引進至西半球。早期的西班牙傳教士亦將果實攜入墨西哥以及美國加州。 
Dutch ..... Middelgrote vruchtdragende boomsoort die waarschijnlijk uit Europa afkomstig is en al lang voor de christelijke jaartelling werd gekweekt. Sinds de oudheid zijn er alleen al in Europa duizenden variëteiten gekweekt en benoemd. De boom wordt gekweekt door oculeren of enten op een wortelstok. De meest gebruikte wortelstok in Europa is de kwee. Deze levert een kleine boom op die op jongere leeftijd tot bloei komt dan de meeste bomen met peerwortels. De gewone peer werd in de Nieuwe Wereld direct na het stichten van de kolonies ingevoerd door de Britten en andere Europeanen. Spaanse missionarissen brachten de vrucht al snel naar Mexico en Californië. 

Related concepts:
source for ....  common pear (wood)
..................  (pear (wood), hardwood, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300012345]

Sources and Contributors:
西洋梨 (種)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 April 30, 2015
common pear (species)............  [VP Preferred]
......................................  Elias, Complete Trees of North America (1980) 599
......................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
......................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
......................................  Johnson, International Book of Trees (1973)
Europäische Birne (species)............  [VP]
...............................................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1978)
European pear (species)............  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
europeo pera (species)............  [VP]
.........................................  Boily et al., Religious Objects (1994)
hsi yang li............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
peer............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
peral común (species)............  [VP]
......................................  TAA database (2000-)
poirier européen (species)............  [VP]
...............................................  CHIN database (1988-)
Pyrus communis (species)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Brickell y Joyce, Enciclopedia de la poda (1997) 84
.........................................  Elias, Complete Trees of North America (1980) 599
.........................................  Johnson, International Book of Trees (1973)
xi yang li............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
xī yáng lí............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  ABC van het plantenlatijn. Betekenis van botanische namen - Guy De Kinder
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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