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ID: 300310345
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300310345

 

Record Type: concept
Phocidae (family) (Carnivora (order), Mammalia (class), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Family containing 19 species in ten genera, of carnivores that are highly specialized for aquatic life. Characteristics include returning to dry land or pack ice to breed and give birth, lacking external ears, having sleek streamlined bodies, nipples that can be retracted, internal testicles, a penis in an internal sheath, a layer of blubber under the skin, the ability to divert blood to the blubber level to help control their temperature, fore-flippers that are used primarily for steering, and hind flippers bound to the pelvis in such a way that they cannot be moved under the body for walking.
 
Terms:
Phocidae (family) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,L,N)
Phocidae (familie) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Phocidae (family) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
true seals (family) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
true seal (family) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
earless seals (family) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
crawling seals (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
phocids (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
海豹科 (科) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
hǎi bào kē (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
hai bao ke (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hai pao k'o (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
zeehonden (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Chordata (phylum)
.................... Chordata (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Vertebrata (subphylum)
........................ Vertebrata (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Mammalia (class)
............................ Mammalia (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Carnivora (order)
................................ Carnivora (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Phocidae (family)
.................................... Phocidae (family) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 含十九個種、十個屬的科,極適於水棲生活,但會返回陸地或大塊浮冰上交配繁殖,無外耳,體細長呈流線型,乳頭可縮回,睪丸位於體內,陰莖則位於體內護皮中;擁有一層皮下脂肪,並能讓血液流經這層脂肪以調節體溫,其前鰭肢主要用於控制方向,後鰭肢與骨盆相連,因此無法於身體下方移動以協助行走。 
Dutch ..... Familie van negentien soorten in tien genera. De dieren zijn in hoge mate aangepast aan het leven in het water, maar paren op droog land of op pakijs, en daar worden ook de jongen geboren. Ze hebben gladde, gestroomlijnde lichamen, tepels die ze kunnen intrekken, interne testikels, een penis in een interne schede, een laag blubber onder de huid, de mogelijkheid om bloed naar de blubber te sturen om hun temperatuur te regelen, voorflippers die ze voornamelijk gebruiken om mee te sturen en achterflippers die zodanig aan het bekken vastzitten dat de dieren ze niet onder het lichaam kunnen houden om erop te lopen. Ze hebben geen externe oren. 

Related concepts:
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  seals (animals)
..................................................  (Carnivora (order), Mammalia (class), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300250867]

Sources and Contributors:
海豹科 (科)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 September 3, 2012
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 3, 2012
crawling seals............  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
earless seals (family)............  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
hai bao ke............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
hai pao k'o............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
hǎi bào kē............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Phocidae (family)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
................................  Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 20 August 2007
................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 20 August 2007
................................  National Museum of Natural History, Mammal Species (2000-) accessed 20 August 2008
................................  Natural History Museum, London (2000-) accessed 20 August 2008
phocids............  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
true seal (family)............  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
true seals (family)............  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 20 August 2007
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
zeehonden............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
............  Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal (2009)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 20 August 2007
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 20 August 2007
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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