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ID: 300310107
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300310107

 

Record Type: concept
gramophones (phonographs (audio equipment), audio equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Instruments of the type first invented by Emil Berliner in the 1890s for the reproduction of recorded sound, comprising a turntable for a disc record, a sound box mounted on a pivot (allowing the record groove to guide the stylus), and a conical sounding-horn. Gramophones operate similarly to "cylinder phonographs" but use, instead of a drum, a flat disc containing a spiral groove; a stylus is allowed to rest in the groove as the disc is rotated on a turntable, and the vibrations communicated to the stylus by the irregularities in the groove are transformed into sound vibrations. The earliest gramophones were also used to cut records, using blank discs. For similar devices that employ electronic amplification of sound recorded on more modern high fidelity vinyl discs, in use since the 1950s, use "record players."
 
Terms:
gramophones (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
gramophone (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
gramophone (French-P,AD,U,MSN)
grammophone (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
grammofoons (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
grammofoon (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
Grammophone (C,U,German,D,PN)
Grammofon (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Grammofone (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Grammophon (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Gramophones (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ capitalized in early usage

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TH

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name)
........ Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of equipment
............ equipment (G)
Hierarchy of <equipment by process>
................ <equipment by process> (G)
Hierarchy of <equipment for transmitting and reproducing sound>
.................... <equipment for transmitting and reproducing sound> (G)
Hierarchy of audio equipment
........................ audio equipment (G)
Hierarchy of phonographs (audio equipment)
............................ phonographs (audio equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of gramophones
................................ gramophones (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Instrumenten van het type dat is uitgevonden door Emil Berliner aan het eind van de negentiende eeuw, bedoeld om opgenomen geluid te reproduceren. Het bestaat uit een draaitafel voor platen, een geluidgever op een draaiarm (waardoor de naald de groef van de plaat kan volgen) en een kegelvormige hoorn. Grammofoons werken op dezelfde manier als cilinderfonografen. In tegenstelling tot dit soort fonografen maken ze echter geen gebruik van cilinders, maar van platte platen met een spiraalvormige groef. Als de plaat op de draaitafel ronddraait, gaat de naald in de groef trillen. De trillingen worden vervolgens omgezet in geluidsgolven. Met de eerste grammofoons kon men ook geluid op onbespeelde platen vastleggen. Gebruik ���platenspeler' voor vergelijkbare apparaten die in de jaren vijftig populair werden en die het op moderne langspeelplaten van vinyl opgenomen geluid elektronisch versterken. 
German ..... Gerät, wie es zuerst von Emil Berliner in den 1890er Jahren für die Wiedergabe von aufgezeichnetem Klang erfunden wurde, bestehend aus einem Plattenteller für eine Schallplatte, einem an einem Drehgelenk befestigten Klangkörper (der der Schallplattenrille die Führung der Grammofonnadel erlaubt), und einem kegelförmigen Schalltrichter. Ein Grammofon funktioniert ähnlich einem "Zylinderfonografen", doch verwendet es anstelle einer Trommel eine flache Scheibe mit einer spiralförmigen Rille; eine Grammofonnadel liegt in der Rille, während die Platte auf dem Plattenteller rotiert, und die Schwingungen, die durch die Unregelmäßigkeiten in der Rille zur Grammofonnadel übertragen werden, werden in Schallschwingungen umgewandelt. Die frühesten Grammofone wurde auch zum Mitschneiden einer Aufnahme genutzt, indem leere Platten verwendet wurden. Für ein ähnliches Gerät, das eine elektronische Verstärkung des Klangs verwendet, aufgenommen auf moderneren Hifi-Vinylschallplatten und seit den 1950ern gebräuchlich, ist "Schallplattenspieler" zu verwenden. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  cylinder phonographs (phonographs)
..................................  (phonographs (audio equipment), audio equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300265798]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  phonographs (audio equipment)
..................................................  (audio equipment, <equipment for transmitting and reproducing sound>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300265796]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  record players
..................................................  (phonographs (audio equipment), audio equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300310108]
provide context ....  turntables (sound device component)
............................  (sound device components, <components by specific context>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300310109]

Sources and Contributors:
Grammofon............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
....................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/697199/revisions/1130744/view
....................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Grammofon
....................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4174890-6
....................  OBG - Landesstelle für die nichtstaatlichen Museen in Bayern, Oberbegriffsdatei (2012)
Grammofone............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/697199/revisions/1130744/view
grammofoon............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
grammofoons............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Grammophon............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/697199/revisions/1130744/view
.......................  OBG - Landesstelle für die nichtstaatlichen Museen in Bayern, Oberbegriffsdatei (2012) Grammofon
grammophone............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Grammophone............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
gramophone............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.......................  AASLH data (2016-)
.......................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.......................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/11229; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.......................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 11229
gramophones............  [VP Preferred]
.......................  American Heritage Dictionary (1982)
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed 23 April 2008
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 23 April 2008
Gramophones............  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "phonograph;" accessed 23 April 2008
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  American Heritage Dictionary (1982)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/11229; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
............  Van Dale Groot woordenboek Engels-Nederlands (2002)
............  Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal (2009)
............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (2002)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "phonograph;" accessed 23 April 2007
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 23 April 2008
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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