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ID: 300264545
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300264545

 

Record Type: concept
Purim (Jewish holidays, religious holidays, ... Events (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Jewish holiday commemorating the deliverance of the Jews in the 5th century BCE by Mordecai and Esther from a plot to have them massacred. The plot was the work of Haman, the chief minister of the Persian King Ahasuerus. The story is recorded in the Old Testament book of Esther. Its name derives from the lots cast to determine in what month the killing would take place. It is celebrated on 14 Adar (about March 1). The holiday was well established by the 2nd century CE. The day preceding Purim, Ta'anit Esther (Fast of Esther), is a day of fasting. On Purim the 'Scroll of Esther' is read in the synagogue. A festive and carnival atmosphere includes the customs of dressing up, exchanging gifts, and making donations to the poor. Three-cornered pastries called hamantaschen ("Haman's ears") are baked and Purim plays, which became popular in the 17th century, are performed on this holiday.
 
Terms:
Purim (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,U)
Purim (Hebrew (transliterated)-P,D,U,U)
Purim (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Feast of Lots (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
掣籤節 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
普珥節 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
普陵節 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
chè qiān jié (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
che qian jie (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'e ch'ien chieh (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Poerim (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  K.KM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Activities Facet
Activities Facet
Hierarchy of Events (hierarchy name)
.... Events (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of events (activities)
........ events (activities) (G)
Hierarchy of cultural events
............ cultural events (G)
Hierarchy of holidays
................ holidays (G)
Hierarchy of religious holidays
.................... religious holidays (G)
Hierarchy of Jewish holidays
........................ Jewish holidays (G)
Hierarchy of Purim
............................ Purim (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 歡樂的猶太節日,旨在紀念西元前5世紀時,末底改與以斯帖拯救猶太人,使其免遭被屠殺滅族的陰謀。這起陰謀是由波斯國王亞哈隨魯主要大臣哈曼一手策劃;故事載於舊約以斯帖記。「製籤節」之名源於在屠殺猶太人的陰謀中,於哪個月要進行是由抽籤決定。該節日在猶太曆亞達月14日(約西曆3月1日)舉行。製籤節至西元2世紀時已完整發展。前一天實施禁食,稱為「以斯帖齋」。掣籤節當天,教徒在猶太教堂中誦讀「以斯帖記」。具有歡愉、狂歡的氣氛,慶祝包含盛裝打扮、交換禮物與周濟貧寒。當天會烘焙名為「哈曼耳朵」的三角糕點,並搬演17世紀起廣受歡迎的「普珥劇」。 
Dutch ..... Vrolijke joodse feestdag ter herdenking van de bevrijding van de joden in de 5e eeuw v. Chr. door Mordechai en Ester van een samenzwering om hen uit te roeien. Deze samenzwering was het werk van Haman, hoofd van de hofhouding van de Perzische koning Ahasveros. Het verhaal is opgetekend in het oudtestamentische boek Ester. De naam is afgeleid van de loten waarmee werd bepaald in welke maand de massamoord zou plaatsvinden. Het feest wordt gevierd op 14 adar (rond 1 maart). In de 2e eeuw n. Chr. was het feest al wijdverbreid. De dag voor Poerim, Ta'anit Esther (het vasten van Ester), is een vastendag. Op Poerim wordt de boekrol van Esther in de synagoge gelezen. In een feestelijke en carnavaleske atmosfeer worden verkleedpartijen gehouden, geschenken uitgewisseld en donaties aan de armen gedaan. Op deze feestdag worden driehoekige koekjes genaamd harmantaschen ('Hamansoren') gebakken en Poerim-toneelstukken opgevoerd, die in de 17e eeuw in zwang kwamen. 

Related concepts:
context for ....  gragers
....................  (ceremonial rattles, rattles, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300426644]

Sources and Contributors:
掣籤節............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 March 21, 2012
普珥節............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 1415
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1494
普陵節............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
ch'e ch'ien chieh............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
che qian jie............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
chè qiān jié............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
Feast of Lots............  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed 2/02
..........................  Goring, ed., Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 419
Poerim............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
Purim............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 778
..............  Enciclopedia Encarta de Lujo. Bibioteca de Consulta 2003 (2003)
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed 2/02
..............  Goring, ed., Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 419
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  http://www.beleven.org
............  Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 778
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed 2/02
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)

 

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