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ID: 300263882
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300263882

 

Record Type: concept
film noir (<genres for motion pictures>, <genres in literature and performing arts>, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Term coined by French critics to describe a genre of film characterized by dark, somber tone and cynical, pessimistic mood. Typically such films portray the dark and gloomy underworld of crime and corruption with the heroes as well as the villains being cynical and disillusioned, trapped by their pasts and insecure or apathetic about the future. The genre is typifed by Hollywood black-and-white motion pictures of the 1940s and early 1950s, though later examples in color exist.
 
Terms:
film noir (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
film noir (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
cinema noir (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
黑色電影 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
hēi sè diàn yǐng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
hei se dian ying (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hei se tien ying (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
cine negro (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <concepts in the arts and humanities>
........ <concepts in the arts and humanities> (G)
Hierarchy of <genres in literature and performing arts>
............ <genres in literature and performing arts> (G)
Hierarchy of <genres for motion pictures>
................ <genres for motion pictures> (G)
Hierarchy of film noir
.................... film noir (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 由法國影評人率先使用以描述該類風格晦暗、悲觀且憤世嫉俗的類型電影的詞彙。這類電影通常將背景放在犯罪舞弊叢生的底層社會,充斥著被過去羈絆,對未來欠缺安全感正邪角色的無法自拔。黑色電影的典型多是好萊塢在四零年代到五零年代初期所製作的黑白電影,但後期也有彩色電影的例子。 
Dutch ..... Door Franse critici bedachte term waarmee een genre films wordt omschreven die zich kenmerken door een donkere, sombere toon en een cynische, pessimistische stemming. Zulke films laten gewoonlijk de duistere, sombere onderwereld van criminaliteit en corruptie zien, waarin zowel de helden als de schurken cynisch en gedesillusioneerd zijn, gevangen in hun verleden en onzeker of apathisch over de toekomst. Typerende voorbeelden van het genre zijn zwart-witfilms uit Hollywood in de jaren 40 en vroege jaren 50 van de 20ste eeuw, hoewel er ook latere voorbeelden in kleur bestaan. 
Spanish ..... Término acuñado por los críticos franceses para describir un género de películas craacterizado por un tono oscuro y sombrío y una atmósfera cínica y pesimista. Típicamente tales películas que retratan el submundo oscuro y lúgubre del crimen y corrupción con los héroes tanto como los villanos siendo cínicos y desolucionados, atrapados por sus pasados e inseguros o apáticos acerca del futuro. El género es tipificado por la cinematografía en blanco y negro de Hollywood de los años 1940 y 1950 temprano, mas tarde se dará existencia en color. 

Sources and Contributors:
黑色電影............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 March 1, 2011
cinema noir............  [VP]
.......................  Yee, Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms (1988) 50
cine negro............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Enciclopedia Encarta de Lujo. Bibioteca de Consulta 2003 (2003)
film noir............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Bognár, International Dictionary of Broadcasting and Film (2000) 96
....................  Katz, The film encyclopedia (1998) 456
....................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
....................  Random House Unabridged Dictionary (1993)
....................  Singleton and Conrad, Filmmaker's Dictionary (2000) 118
....................  Taves et al., Moving Image Genre-Form Guide [online] (1988) "Movie Image Genre List" Accessed 09/18/2000
....................  Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
....................  Yee, Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms (1988) 50
hei se dian ying............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
hēi sè diàn yǐng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
hei se tien ying............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Groot Woordenboek (1998)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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