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ID: 300244148
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300244148

 

Record Type: concept
Qashqai (South Persian textile styles after the Mongols, Persian textile styles after the Mongols, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Generally, the style and culture of a Turkic-speaking people living around Shiraz in Persia. Specifically, a style of carpets handwoven by the Qashqa'i people, who have the reputation of making the best rugs from the Shiraz district of Iran. The coloring of the carpets employs rich blues and reds, with limited use of golden yellow. Usually the designs are geometric, sometimes with a row of three diamond medallions against a background replete with tiny forms of all kinds, including stylized animals and birds. The designs are often based on Persian urban sources. The carpets are asymmetrically knotted on an all-wool foundation.
 
Terms:
Qashqai (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Qashqai (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Qashqai (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Qashgai (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Qashqa'i (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Kashgai (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Kashkai (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Qushquai (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Qûshquai (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Mecca-Shiraz (C,U,English,UF,U,U)  ............ dealers' term for these rugs
Shiraz (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
卡什加 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
kǎ shí jiā (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ka shi jia (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
k'a shih chia (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
kaskai (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Islamic World, The
............ Islamic World, The (G)
Hierarchy of <Islamic World dynastic styles and periods>
................ <Islamic World dynastic styles and periods> (G)
Hierarchy of <Iranian Islamic styles and periods after the Mongols>
.................... <Iranian Islamic styles and periods after the Mongols> (G)
Hierarchy of Iranian Islamic styles after the Mongols
........................ Iranian Islamic styles after the Mongols (G)
Hierarchy of Persian textile styles after the Mongols
............................ Persian textile styles after the Mongols (G)
Hierarchy of South Persian textile styles after the Mongols
................................ South Persian textile styles after the Mongols (G)
Hierarchy of Qashqai
.................................... Qashqai (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一般而言,此一詞彙用來表示波斯的設拉子(Shiraz)鄰近地區、以突厥語為語言的特定民族的風格與文化。具體而言,此一詞彙指的就是卡什加人以手工編織而成的地毯風格。據聞在伊朗的設拉子(Shiraz)地區,卡什加人所製作的地毯品質最佳。卡什加地毯採用濃厚的藍色及紅色,同時也使用少量的金黃色。通常地毯上的設計為幾何圖案,偶爾會有三個菱形的獎章圖案排列成一排,而地毯的背景則是充滿了各式不同的動物及鳥類圖樣的小型圖案。這些圖案設計的靈感來源通常來自波斯的城市。卡什加地毯是以全羊毛作為基底,並且以不對稱的打結方式編織而成。 

Sources and Contributors:
卡什加............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 July 10, 2012
Kashgai............  [VP]
.................  New Encyclopaedia Britannica (1984)
.................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
.................  Personal Communication Julia Bailey, Sackler Art Museum, 1/93.
k'a shih chia............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ka shi jia............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Kashkai............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
kaskai............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 636
kǎ shí jiā............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Mecca-Shiraz............  [VP]
.......................  New Encyclopaedia Britannica (1984)
.......................  Personal Communication Julia Bailey, Sackler Art Museum, 1/93.
Qashgai............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
Qashqai............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Miller, Como Reconocer las Antigüedades (1991) 156
.................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
.................  Personal Communication Julia Bailey, Sackler Art Museum, 1/93; applies to rugs and textile containers.
Qashqa'i............  [VP]
.................  Aschenbrenner, Oriental Rugs, Persian (1981) 19
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.................  Personal Communication Julia Bailey, Sackler Art Museum, 1/93.
Qushquai............  [VP]
.................  Personal Communication Walter Denny, UMASS, Amherst, 11/90.
Qûshquai............  [VP]
.................  Personal Communication Julia Bailey, Sackler Art Museum, 1/93.
Shiraz............  [VP]
.................  Personal Communication Julia Bailey, Sackler Art Museum, 1/93.; Carol Bier, Curator, Textile Museum, WADC, 11/90.
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  Collins, Flowers of the Desert (1989) illustration, Plate 1; Qashqa'i rugs
............  Dodds, Oriental Rugs (1985) Qashqa'i carpets
............  New Encyclopaedia Britannica (1984) Qashqa'i rugs
............  Personal Communication Carol Bier, Curator, Textile Museum, WADC, 10/92.; Qashqai rugs
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)

 

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