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ID: 300205163
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300205163

 

Record Type: concept
bombards (shawms) (shawms, <reedpipes with double reed: with conical bore>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Low-pitched shawms developed in Europe between the 14th and 16th centuries, being long and slender with a narrow, slightly conical bore ending in a bottle-shaped or flared bell, six fingerholes in two groups of three, and, later in its development, at least one key.
 
Terms:
bombards (shawms) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
bombard (shawm) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
shawm (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
bombardes (shawms) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bombardes (shawms) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
老式雙簧管 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
lǎo shì shuāng huáng guǎn (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
lao shi shuang huang guan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
lao shih shuang huang kuan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
bombarde (C,U,French-P,AD,U,FSN)
bombarde (Dutch,AD,U,U)
bombardas (shawn) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
bombarda (shawn) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Sound Devices (hierarchy name)
........ Sound Devices (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of sound devices (equipment)
............ sound devices (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>
................ <sound devices by acoustical characteristics> (G)
Hierarchy of aerophones
.................... aerophones (G)
Hierarchy of reeds (aerophones)
........................ reeds (aerophones) (G)
Hierarchy of reedpipes (confined aerophones)
............................ reedpipes (confined aerophones) (G)
Hierarchy of <reedpipes with double reed>
................................ <reedpipes with double reed> (G)
Hierarchy of <reedpipes with double reed: with conical bore>
.................................... <reedpipes with double reed: with conical bore> (G)
Hierarchy of shawms
........................................ shawms (G)
Hierarchy of bombards (shawms)
............................................ bombards (shawms) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 十四至十六世紀間,發明於歐洲的低音蕭姆管,管身細長,內徑狹窄微呈圓錐形,號口為瓶狀或喇叭狀,有六個指孔,三個為一組,後來發展出來至少有一個按鍵。 
Dutch ..... Lange, slanke, laag gestemde schalmeien met een smalle, licht conische boring en een flesvormige of gerende klankbeker, zes vingergaten in twee groepen van drie en soms met één of meer kleppen; ontwikkeld in Europa tussen de 14e- en 16e eeuw. 
Spanish ..... Shawms de tono bajo desarrollados en Europa entre los siglos XIV y XVI, largos y delgados con un diámetro interior estrecho y ligeramente cónico terminando en una campana en forma de botella o de contorno expandido, seis orificios para los dedos en dos grupos de tres y, más tarde en su desarrollo, al menos una llave. 

Sources and Contributors:
老式雙簧管............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  黎明音樂辭典 239
bombard (shawm)............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
bombarda (shawn)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.............................  Randel, Diccionario Harvard de Música (1997)
.............................  TAA database (2000-)
.............................  Tranchefort, Los Instrumentos Musicales (1994)
bombardas (shawn)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
................................  TAA database (2000-)
bombarde............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/10860; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 10860
bombardes (shawms)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Bessaraboff, Ancient European Musical Instruments (1944) IND
...................................  Diagram Group, Musical Instruments of the World (1976) illustration, 44
...................................  Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
bombards (shawms)............  [VP Preferred]
................................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate comment -- BATEMI -- 3/94; change scope note.
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975) definition source; bombards
................................  Personal Communication C. Karp, Naturhistorika Riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden, 12/91; bombards
................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) bombards
lao shih shuang huang kuan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
lao shi shuang huang guan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
lǎo shì shuāng huáng guǎn............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
shawm............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred]
..............  AASLH data (2016-)
..............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
..............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/10860; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
..............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 10860
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/10860; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Encyclopedie van muziekinstrumenten (1977)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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