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ID: 300021916
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300021916

 

Record Type: concept
Vanuatu (Melanesian, Oceanic, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Nationality, styles, and culture of Vanuatu and its constituent islands, located in the South Pacific Ocean; particularly refers to the Melanesian cultures rather than to the colonial cultures. The art created by the Vanuatu people is often based on male initiation rituals, men's secret societies, social ranking systems and the afterlife. Vanuatu's male sacred houses are oblong homes constructed using decorated coconut fiber binding. Personal ornamentation is an important practice for the Vanuatu people, who wear elaborate garments, practice face painting, nasal perforation, and puberty scarification of women's backs, which indicate, social status, beauty, and health and hygiene.
 
Terms:
Vanuatu (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,A)
Vanuatu (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Vanuatu (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Vanuatuan (C,U,English,AD,U,U)
Ni-Vanuatu (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
萬那杜 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
瓦努阿圖 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
新赫布里底群島 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
瓦奴阿圖 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
萬那杜式 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
萬那杜風格 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
wàn nà dù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
wan na du (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
wan na tu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
New Hebrides (H,U,English,UF,U,U)
Nouvelles-Hébrides (H,U,English,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Oceanic
............ Oceanic (G)
Hierarchy of Melanesian
................ Melanesian (G)
Hierarchy of Vanuatu
.................... Vanuatu (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 描述由萬那杜群島居民所創的藝術品。萬那杜人所創作的藝術經常以男性啟蒙儀式、男性秘密社群、社會階級體系與來世為依據。萬那杜的男性祭拜房舍是橢圓形的房屋,是以經裝飾的椰子鬚根綁縛固定建造而成。萬那杜居民相當注重個人裝飾品,他們會穿著精心縫製的服飾、進行臉部彩繪、穿鼻洞,並在成年禮中在女性背部刺繪以代表著社會地位、美麗、健康與衛生。 
Dutch ..... Beschrijft werken die zijn vervaardigd door de bewoners van de Vanuatu-eilanden. De door de Vanuatu-bevolking gemaakte kunst is vaak gebaseerd op initiatieriten van mannen, geheime mannengenootschappen, maatschappelijke hiërarchieën en het hiernamaals. De heilige mannenhuizen van Vanuatu zijn langwerpige bouwwerken, geconstrueerd met behulp van gedecoreerde, aan elkaar gebonden groepen kokosnootvezels. De persoonlijke ornamentatie is belangrijk voor de bewoners van Vanuatu, die complexe kledingstukken dragen, gezichten beschilderen en neusperforaties uitvoeren; tijdens de puberteit worden insnijdingen aangebracht in de rug van vrouwen, als teken van maatschappelijke status, schoonheid, gezondheid en hygiëne. 
Spanish ..... Describe obras creadas por los habitantes de las Islas Vanuatu. El arte creado por el pueblo Vanuatu se basa generalmente en los rituales de iniciación masculinos, las sociedades secretas masculinas, el sistema jerárquico social y la vida después de la muerte. Las casas sagradas para los hombres presentan una construcción oblonga y para amarrarla emplean fibra de coco decorada. La ornamentación personal es una práctica muy importante para el pueblo Vanuatu, quienes visten elaborados trajes, practican pintarse el rostro, perforación nasal y durante la pubertad femenina, la escarificación de sus espaldas, lo que indica un estatus social, de belleza, salud e higiene. 

Sources and Contributors:
萬那杜............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  中華民國外交部網站 July 16, 2012
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 July 16, 2012
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 July 16, 2012
瓦努阿圖............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 July 16, 2012
新赫布里底群島............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 July 16, 2012
瓦奴阿圖............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 July 16, 2012
萬那杜式............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
萬那杜風格............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
New Hebrides............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Linton and Wingert, Arts of the South Seas (1946) 83
.......................  Pearman, CMA Slide Library Classification (1980s) 81.9
.......................  Terrell, Prehistory in the Pacific Islands (1986) 299
Ni-Vanuatu............  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Nouvelles-Hébrides............  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 28 July 2003
Vanuatu............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Diccionario Enciclopédico. Nuevo Espasa Calpe Ilustrado. 2000 (1999) 1727
.................  Sieber et al., African, Pacific and Pre-Columbian Art (1986) 50
.................  Terrell, Prehistory in the Pacific Islands (1986) 299
.................  Winkler Prins Atlas (1987)
Vanuatuan............  [VP]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
....................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
....................  ULAN Nationality List (1993-)
wan na du............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
wàn nà dù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
wan na tu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Winkler Prins Atlas (1987)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 28 July 2003
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 24 July 2003
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Atlas (1987)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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