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ID: 300019215
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300019215

 

Record Type: concept
Khmer (Thai culture or period) (Thai periods, Thai (culture or style), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the culture and period that flourished from the 7th to the mid-15th century in the region known today as Cambodia and later migrated to other regions in Southeast Asia. The style of this period is complex and developed in different sub-phases, and is driven by animistic beliefs, Theravada Buddhism, and Indian Hinduism. Artistic production in this period is diverse and reflects Indian and other regional influences in sculpture, architecture, and the decorative arts. In architecture, the period features Hindu and Mahayana Buddhist temples in laterite, sandstone, or brick constructions.
 
Terms:
Khmer (Thai culture or period) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Khmer (Thaise periode) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Khmer (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
高棉 (泰國時代) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
gāo mián (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gao mian (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
kao mien (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
חמר (C,U,Hebrew,D,A)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Asian
............ Asian (G)
Hierarchy of Southeast Asian
................ Southeast Asian (G)
Hierarchy of Thai (culture or style)
.................... Thai (culture or style) (G)
Hierarchy of Thai periods
........................ Thai periods (G)
Hierarchy of Khmer (Thai culture or period)
............................ Khmer (Thai culture or period) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指於西元七至十五世紀間,盛行於現今的東甫寨而後轉移至東南亞其他地區的文化與時代。此時代的風格相當複雜,出現了不同的發展階段,並受到動物信仰、小乘佛教、印度印度教的影響。此時代的藝術作品相當多元,無論是雕刻、建築、裝飾藝術方面都反映了印度與其他地區的影響。建築方面,此時代的特色展現於以紅土、砂岩及磚造的印度教與大乘佛教寺廟。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de cultuur en de periode die floreerde van de 7de tot het midden van de 15de eeuw in de regio die tegenwoordig bekend is als Cambodja en die later migreerde naar andere regio's in Zuidoost-Azië. De stijl van deze periode is complex, ontwikkelde zich in verschillende subfasen en wordt bepaald door animistische geloven, het Theravada-boeddhisme en het Indiase hindoeïsme. Artistieke productie in deze periode is divers en weerspiegelt Indiase en andere regionale invloeden in beeldhouwkunst, architectuur en de decoratieve kunsten. In architectuur wordt deze periode gekenmerkt door hindoeïstische en Mahayana-boeddhistische tempels in constructies van lateriet, zandsteen of baksteen. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a la cultura y período que florecieron desde el siglo VII a mediados del siglo XV en la región conocida hoy como Camboya y que después emigró a otras regiones en el Sudeste de Asia. El estilo de este período es complejo y se desarrolló en diferentes subfases y se inspira en creencias animísticas, Budismo Theravada e Hinduismo indio. La producción artística en este período es diversa y refleja influencias indias y de otras regiones en escultura, arquitectura y artes decorativas. En arquitectura, el período ofrece templos hindúes y budista Mahayana en laterita, construcciones en laterita, piedra arenisca, o ladrillo. 

Sources and Contributors:
高棉 (泰國時代)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
....................  吳哥之美(The beauty of Angkor) 112
חמר............  [IMJ]
...........  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
gao mian............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
gāo mián............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
kao mien............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
Khmer (Thai culture or period)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, IMJ Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.....................................................  Aarsbergen, Kroniek van de mensheid (1991)
.....................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.....................................................  AATA database (2002-) 125326 checked 26 January 2012
.....................................................  Avery Index (1963-) subdivision - source AAT; Khmer
.....................................................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
.....................................................  Lemay, Buddhist Art in Siam (1963) 15; Khmer
.....................................................  TAA database (2000-)
.....................................................  Trubner et al., Asiatic Art in the Seattle Museum (1973) 13; Khmer
.....................................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976) Khmer
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IMJ, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Aarsbergen, Kroniek van de mensheid (1991)
............  AATA database (2002-) 125326 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) ..., Khmer
............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Khmer" Accessed 7/26/00; ..., Khmer
............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Khmerian ...
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Langer, Encyclopedia of World History (1980)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... Aarsbergen, Kroniek van de mensheid (1991)
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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