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ID: 300014444
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300014444

 

Record Type: concept
nitrocellulose (cellulosic, thermoplastic, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Substance comprising a mixture of nitric esters of cellulose and a highly flammable compound containing more than approximately 12.5 percent nitrogen. Nitrocellulose is a fluffy white substance that retains some of the fibrous structure of untreated cellulose. It is not stable to heat and will ignite easily. It was first introduced in the 19th century as an explosive. It was used to produce animation cels for 80 years until acetate was introduced as a safer medium in the 1950s. Cellulose nitrate was often used for clear lacquers, fabric dopes, adhesives, high-gloss paints, and mixed with natural resins (dammar, shellac, copal, etc) to create a waterproof varnish. Cellulose nitrate is inherently unstable and slowly decomposes at room temperature.
 
Terms:
nitrocellulose (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
nitrocellulose (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
nitrocellulose (French-P,D,U,U)
cellulose nitrate (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
CN (C,U,A,English,UF,U,N)
nitrate, cellulose (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
nitrocelluloses (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
硝化纖維 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
硝酸纖維素 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
硝化纖維素 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
火藥棉 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
xiāo huà xiān wéi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xiao hua xian wei (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsiao hua hsien wei (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Zellulosenitrat (C,U,German-P,D,U,U)
nitrato di cellulosa (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,SN)
nitrocellulosa (C,U,Italian,UF,U,SN)
nitrocelulose (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,U)
nitrocelulosa (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of plastic (material)
.................... plastic (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <plastic by property>
........................ <plastic by property> (G)
Hierarchy of thermoplastic
............................ thermoplastic (G)
Hierarchy of cellulosic
................................ cellulosic (G)
Hierarchy of nitrocellulose
.................................... nitrocellulose (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 由纖維素的硝酸酯混合物,以及含氮量高於大約12.5%的高度易燃化合物組成的物質。硝化纖維素是一種蓬鬆的白色物質,保有部分未經處理之纖維素的纖維狀構造,對熱的反應不穩定、容易引燃。最早的用途是在西元十九世紀作為炸藥,用來製作賽璐珞動畫的時間達80年之久,直到1950年代才由較安全的硝酸鹽膠片所取代。硝化纖維素常用於製作清澈的亮漆、織品塗料、黏合劑、高光澤漆料,且可與天然松脂(丹瑪樹脂、蟲膠、柯巴脂等等)混合以製造防水清漆。硝化纖維素的本質不穩定,而且在室溫中會緩慢分解。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een mengsel van genitreerde cellulose, een uiterst brandbare verbinding die het hoofdbestanddeel vormt van modern buskruit. Het is gedurende 80 jaar gebruikt om celanimaties te vervaardigen tot de introductie van acetaat als medium in de jaren 50 van de 20ste eeuw. Nitrocellulose is een luchtige witte substantie waarin de vezelachtige structuur van onbehandelde cellulose enigszins behouden is gebleven. Het blijft niet stabiel bij hitte en vat gemakkelijk vlam. 

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  celluloid (cellulosic)
..........................  (cellulosic, thermoplastic, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300014447]
constituent of ....  cellulose nitrate film
..........................  (film (material by form), <materials by form>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311696]
constituent of ....  collodion
..........................  (cellulosic, thermoplastic, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300127347]
constituent of ....  pyroxylin
..........................  (cellulosic, thermoplastic, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300014448]
material for ....  nitrate cels
......................  (animation cels, <drawings by material or technique>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300264868]

Sources and Contributors:
硝化纖維............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 February 20, 2012
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 February 20, 2012
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 February 20, 2012
硝酸纖維素............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  化學名詞辭典 143
..............  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 February 20, 2012
..............  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 February 20, 2012
..............  藝術名詞與技法辭典 87, 304
硝化纖維素............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  化學名詞辭典 143
火藥棉............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
cellulose nitrate............  [VP]
................................  Andrews, Living Materials (1983) 133
................................  Art and Archaeology Technical Abstracts (1966-2000) Vol. 2, 27-722 as mat'l found in maize; 27-1809, 27-1813 as film
................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
................................  NASA Thesaurus (1988)
................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
................................  Roberts, Construction Industry Thesaurus (1976)
................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
CN............  [VP]
...........  Agranoff, ed., Modern Plastics Encyclopedia (1984)
hsiao hua hsien wei............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
nitrate, cellulose............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
nitrato di cellulosa............  [Biblio Arc USI Preferred, VP]
...................................  Glossario AIB http://www.aib.it/aib/lis/lpi13eg.htm#n
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
nitrocellulosa............  [Biblio Arc USI]
.............................  Glossario AIB http://www.aib.it/aib/lis/lpi13eg.htm#n
nitrocellulose............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 126638 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 526
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Haller, Collecting Old Photographs (1979) GLOS
.............................  Jensen, Minerals of New York State (1978)
.............................  NASA Thesaurus (1988)
.............................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.............................  Roberts, Construction Industry Thesaurus (1976)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
nitrocelluloses............  [VP]
.............................  ROOT Thesaurus (1981)
nitrocelulosa............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
..........................  Diccionario de Química y de productos químicos (1993)
..........................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 3:677
nitrocelulose............  [VP]
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
xiao hua xian wei............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
xiāo huà xiān wéi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Zellulosenitrat............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, Biblio Arc USI, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 126638 checked 26 January 2012
............  Biblio Arc USI database
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Cellulose nitrates
............  NASA Thesaurus (1988) pyroxylin
............  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) nitrocotton
............  Roberts, Construction Industry Thesaurus (1976) nitrate; celluloid; chardonnet
............  ROOT Thesaurus (1981) pyroxylins; Cellulose nitrates
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) Accessed 1 March 2004.
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)

 

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