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ID: 300011329
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011329

 

Record Type: concept
travertine (sinter, <limestone by composition: aggregate type>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A dense, crystalline or microcrystalline limestone that was formed by the evaporation of river or spring waters. It is named after Tivoli, Italy ("Tibur" in Latin), where large deposits occur, and it is characterized by a light color and the ability to take a good polish. It is typically banded, due to the presence of iron compounds or other organic impurities. It is often used for walls and interior decorations in public buildings. It is distinguished from "tufa" by being harder and stronger.
 
Terms:
travertine (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
travertine marble (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
travertine stone (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
roachstone (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
travertijn (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
travertino (C,U,Italian-P,UF,U,N)
travertino (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
lapis tiburtinus (C,U,Latin,UF,U,N)
toba calcárea (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)
travertin (C,U,French,UF,U,U)
洞石 (C,U,Chinese,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of rock (inorganic material)
.................... rock (inorganic material) (G)
Hierarchy of sedimentary rock
........................ sedimentary rock (G)
Hierarchy of <sedimentary rock by composition>
............................ <sedimentary rock by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of carbonate rock
................................ carbonate rock (G)
Hierarchy of limestone
.................................... limestone (G)
Hierarchy of <limestone by composition>
........................................ <limestone by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of <limestone by composition: aggregate type>
............................................ <limestone by composition: aggregate type> (G)
Hierarchy of sinter
................................................ sinter (G)
Hierarchy of travertine
.................................................... travertine (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een dichte, kristallijnige of microkristallijnige kalksteen die werd gevormd door de verdamping van rivier- of bronwater. Het is vernoemd naar het Italiaanse Tivoli, waar het in grote mate voorkomt en het wordt gekenmerkt door de lichte kleur en de mogelijkheid om het snel te laten glanzen. Meestal bevat het dwarsstrepen omdat het ijzersamenstellingen of andere organische onzuiverheden bevat. Het wordt vaak gebruikt voor muren en binnendecoraties van openbare gebouwen. Te onderscheiden van 'sedimentgesteente', dat harder en sterker is. 
Spanish ..... Caliza densa, cristalina o microcristalina que se forma por la evaporación de aguas de río o vertientes. Su nombre proviene de Tívoli, Italia, donde se formaron grandes depósitos, y se caracteriza por su color claro y su capacidad para alcanzar un acabado pulido. Tiene típicamente bandas por la presencia de compuestos de hierro u otras impurezas orgánicas. Se utiliza a menudo en murallas y decoración interior de edificios públicos. Se distingue de la "tufa" por ser más dura y más resistente. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  onyx marble
..................................  (<marble by color or pattern>, marble (rock), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011337]
distinguished from ....  tufa
..................................  (sinter, <limestone by composition: aggregate type>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011712]

Sources and Contributors:
洞石............  [VP]
...........  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
lapis tiburtinus............  [VP]
.............................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) Vol. 3, 860
roachstone............  [VP]
.......................  Roberts, Construction Industry Thesaurus (1976) 307
toba calcárea............  [CDBP-SNPC]
..........................  Whitten y Brooks, Diccionario de geología (1986) 242
travertijn............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
travertin............  [VP]
....................  CHIN database (1988-)
travertine............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 129956 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Annual ASTM Standards (1970) 7
.......................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.......................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 370
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1973)
.......................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) sh 85137186
.......................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
travertine marble............  [VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
travertine stone............  [VP]
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
travertino............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.......................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983)
.......................  Schmitt y Heene, Tratado de Construcción (1998) 163
.......................  Whitten y Brooks, Diccionario de geología (1986) 242
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 129956 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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