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ID: 300266029
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300266029

 

Record Type: concept
action figures (recreational dolls, figural toys, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Dolls that are typically used for play by boys rather than girls, or as collectibles for adult males, characterized by being representations of comic book characters, military people, sports figures, movie or television characters, or other characters who take part in heroic or adventurous activities. The figures are usually male, although they may occasionally be female. They often have unnatural, overdeveloped musculature; they may have movable joints that allow the characters to hold various weapons or strike various poses. The term was coined by Hasbro corporation in 1964 to market a "G.I. Joe" military-themed doll to boys. The legal case "Toy Biz v. United States" determined that for purposes of tariffs, action figures produced by Toy Biz/Marvel Comics were toys, not dolls, because they represent "nonhuman creatures."
 
Terms:
action figures (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)  ............ coined in 1964
figures, action (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
action figure (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
活動人偶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
可動人偶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
huó dòng rén ǒu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
huo dong ren ou (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
huo tung jen ou (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
actiefiguren (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
actiefiguur (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
figurine d'action (C,U,French-P,AD,U,FSN)
Action-Figuren (C,U,German,D,PN)
Action-Figur (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Actionfigur (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Actionfiguren (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Actionpuppe (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Actionpuppen (C,U,German,UF,PN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TV

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Recreational Artifacts (hierarchy name )
........ Recreational Artifacts (hierarchy name ) (G)
Hierarchy of recreational artifacts (equipment)
............ recreational artifacts (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of toys (recreational artifacts)
................ toys (recreational artifacts) (G)
Hierarchy of <toys by form>
.................... <toys by form> (G)
Hierarchy of figural toys
........................ figural toys (G)
Hierarchy of recreational dolls
............................ recreational dolls (G)
Hierarchy of action figures
................................ action figures (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 通常是男孩(而非女孩)所玩的玩偶,或為成年男性的珍藏物,其特色為呈現漫畫人物、軍人、運動員、電影或電視角色,或參與英勇或冒險行動之其他角色。人物通常為男性,但偶爾亦可能為女性。常有不自然、過大的肌肉組織;可能具活動關節,讓該角色握住各式武器或擺出各種姿勢。本詞彙於1964年時由孩之寶(Hasbro)公司所創,為了銷售一款針對男孩之「特種部隊(G.I. Joe)」軍事主題玩偶。「奇跡玩具公司訴美國案(Toy Biz v. United States)」中,為關稅之目的,判決由奇跡玩具公司(Toy Biz)/驚奇漫畫(Marvel Comics)所生產的可動人偶是玩具,而非玩偶,因為他們呈現的是「非人類生物」。 
Dutch ..... Poppen, typisch meer door jongens dan door meisjes als speelgoed gebruikt of door volwassen mannen als verzamelobject beschouwd, die voorstellingen zijn van stripfiguren, militairen, sportmensen, film- of televisiesterren of andere personen die deelnemen aan heldhaftige of avontuurlijke activiteiten. De figuren zijn meestal mannelijk en incidenteel vrouwelijk. Ze hebben vaak onnatuurlijke, overontwikkelde spierbundels en kunnen zijn voorzien van beweegbare gewrichten waardoor ze wapens kunnen vasthouden of verschillende houdingen kunnen aannemen. De term is bedacht door de firma Hasbro die in 1964 een militaire pop voor jongens, G.I. Joe, in de handel bracht. In de rechtszaak ‘Toy Biz versus de Verenigde Staten’ is bepaald dat door Toy Biz/Marvel Comics geproduceerde actiefiguren voor de douanerechten gelden als speelgoed en niet als poppen omdat ze ‘niet-menselijke wezens’ voorstellen. 
German ..... Puppe, die typischerweise eher Jungen als Mädchen für das Spiel dienen oder von männlichen Erwachsenen gesammelt werden. In der Regel handelt es sich um Repräsentationen von Charakteren aus Comics, berühmte Soldaten oder Athleten, Gestalten aus Filmen oder dem Fernsehen oder andere Charaktere, die heroisch agieren oder Abenteuer zu bestehen haben. Oftmals haben sie eine unnatürliche und überentwickelte Muskulatur. Mitunter haben die Figuren bewegliche Gliedmaßen, so dass sie unterschiedliche Waffen halten können oder in verschiedene Posen einnehmen können. Der Begriff wurde geprägt von der Firma Hasbo im Jahr 1964, um eine als „G.I. Joe“ bezeichnete Soldatenfigur unter Jungen zu vermarkten. Im Rechtsfall „Toy Biz vs. United States“ wurde festgelegt, dass es sich bei im Auftrag von Toy Biz/Marvel hergestellten Figuren um Spielzeug und nicht Puppen handele, da sie nicht-menschliche Kreaturen repräsentierten. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  dollmakers
..................  (<people in crafts and trades by product>, <people in crafts and trades>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300025399]

Sources and Contributors:
活動人偶............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 14
可動人偶............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
actiefiguren............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
actiefiguur............  [RKD, VP]
.......................  RKD-Nederlands Instituut voor Kunstgeschiedenis [database] (2021-)
Actionfigur............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Actionfigur", accessed 05.09.2013
Action-Figur............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
.......................  Möller, Hungern in einer Überflussgesellschaft [online] (2010) 55
.......................  Reinhart und Zäh, Marktchance Individualisierung (2003) 237
action figure............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred]
..........................  AASLH data (2016-)
..........................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
..........................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/14757; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
..........................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 14757
Action-Figuren............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Actionfiguren............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
..........................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
action figures............  [VP Preferred]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Games and toys," accessed 24 June 2006
.............................  O'Brien, Story of American Toys (1990) index
.............................  Toy Biz v. United States, U. S. Court of International Trade (2003)
Actionpuppe............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Actionpuppe", accessed 05.09.2013
Actionpuppen............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
figures, action............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
figurine d'action............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
................................  AASLH data (2016-)
................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/14757; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 14757
huo dong ren ou............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
huó dòng rén ǒu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
huo tung jen ou............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CHIN / RCIP, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/14757; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1987) dolls, doll parts, and doll clothing: except wigs
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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